Kristen Mills


Assistant Professor

Department of Mechanical, Aerospace, and Nuclear Engineering (MANE)

Center for Biotechnology and Interdisciplinary Studies (CBIS)


Curriculum Vitae


  • 2008 Ph.D., University of Michigan, Mechanical Engineering
  • 1999 B.S., University of California, San Diego, Mechanical Engineering


  • 2015-Present Assistant Professor, MANE, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute
  • 2008-2014 Postdoctoral Researcher, Department of New Materials and Biosystems, Max Planck Institute for Intelligent Systems
  • 2010-2014 Lecturer, Advanced Materials Program, University of Ulm
Peer Reviewed Articles
[1] Jonathan Kulwatno, Xiangyu Gong, Rebecca DeVaux, Jason I Herschkowitz, and Kristen L Mills, "An Organotypic Mammary Duct Model Capturing Matrix Mechanics-Dependent Ductal Carcinoma In Situ Progression." Tissue Engineering Part A. ahead of print (DOI: 10.1089/ten.tea.2020.0239) 2021

[2] Jonathan Kulwatno, Jamie Gearhart, Xiangyu Gong, Nora Herzog, Matthew Getzin, Mihaela Skobe, and Kristen L. Mills, "Growth of tumor emboli within a vessel model reveals dependence on the magnitude of mechanical constraint." Integrative Biology 13(1): 1-16, 2021

[3] Xiangyu Gong, Jonathan Kulwatno, and K.L. Mills, "Rapid fabrication of collagen bundles mimicking tumor-associated collagen architectures." Acta Biomaterialia 108: 128–141, 2020

[4] Clayson C. Spackman, James F. Nowak, Kristen L. Mills, and Johnson Samuel, "A Cohesive Zone Model for the Stamping Process Encountered During Three-Dimensional Printing of Fiber-Reinforced Soft Composites." J. Manuf. Sci. Eng. 140(1): 4616, 2018

[5] Xiangyu Gong, and Kristen L. Mills, "Large-scale patterning of single cells and cell clusters in hydrogels." Scientific Reports 8(1): 3849, 2018

[6] Ashok Williams*, James F Nowak*, Rachel Dass, Johnson Samuel, and K.L. Mills, "Towards morphologically relevant extracellular matrix in vitro models: 3D fiber reinforced hydrogels." Front. Physiol. 9: 966, 2018

[7] C. Moraes, B.C. Kim, X. Zhu, K.L. Mills, A.R. Dixon, M.D. Thouless, and S. Takayama, "Defined topologically-complex protein matrices to manipulate cell shape via three-dimensional fiber-like patters." Lab on a Chip 14(13): 2191–2201, 2014

[8] K.L. Mills, R. Kemkemer, S. Rudraraju, and K. Garikipati, "Elastic Free Energy Drives the Shape of Prevascular Solid Tumors." PLOS ONE 9(7): e103245, 2014

[9] K.L. Mills, K. Garikipati, and R. Kemkemer, "Experimental characterization of tumor spheroids for studies of the energetics of tumor growth." International Journal of Materials Research 102(7): 889-895, 2011

[10] K.L. Mills, D. Huh, S. Takayama, and M.D. Thouless, "Instantaneous fabrication of arrays of normally closed, adjustable, and reversible nanochannels by tunnel cracking." Lab on a Chip 10(12): 1627-1630, 2010

[11] H. Narayanan, S. N. Verner, K.L. Mills, R. Kemkemer, and K. Garikipati, "In silico estimates of the free energy rates in growing tumor spheroids." Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter, Special Issue on Cell-Substrate Interactions 22(19): 194122, 2010

[12] T. Uchida*, K.L. Mills*, W. Roh, Y.C. Tung, A.L. Garner, K. Koide, M.D. Thouless, and S. Takayama, "External compression-induced fracture patterning on the surface of polydimethylsiloxane cubes and microspheres." Langmuir 25(5): 3102–3107, 2009

[13] K.L. Mills, X. Zhu, S. Takayama, and M.D. Thouless, "The mechanical properties of a surface-modified layer on polydimethylsiloxane." Journal of Materials Research 23(1): 37–48, 2008

[14] D. Huh, K.L. Mills, X. Zhu, M.A. Burns, M.D. Thouless, and S. Takayama, "Tuneable elastomeric nanochannels for nanofluidic manipulation." Nature Materials 6(6): 424–428, 2007

[15] X. Zhu, K.L. Mills, P. R. Peters, J.H. Bahng, E.H. Liu, J. Shim, K. Naruse, M.E. Csete, M.D. Thouless, and S. Takayama, "Fabrication of reconfigurable protein matrices by cracking." Nature Materials 4(5): 403–406, 2005

* contributed equally
Book Chapters
[16] Rudraraju S., Mills K.L., Kemkemer R., and Garikipati K., "Multiphysics Modeling of Reactions, Mass Transport and Mechanics of Tumor Growth." In: Holzapfel G., Kuhl E. (Eds) Computer Models in Biomechanics. Springer, Dordrecht 2013

© 2015 Kristen Mills. Statements.