NameAlexander Jannai the Hasmonean High Priest of Judaea
Birth125 BC
Death76 BC
Misc. Notes
Alexander Jannai [killed 76 BCE]

The youngest son of Johanan Hyrcanus was imprisoned for a year by his oldest brother, Aristobulus. Released by his widowed sister-in-law, Salome, whom he married, Alexander conquered cities on the Mediterranean coast from Gaza to Carmel & extended Judean control to Gadara across the Jordan. He ruled more territory than any Judean king since Solomon. Yet he faced mounting criticism from chasidic Jews in Jerusalem. Public outrage at this Hellenized soldier-priest reached a climax when he was pelted with citrons at the festival of Sukkoth [Oct. 94 BCE]. His soldiers responded by massacring thousands of worshippers. This in turn led to a six year revolt led by the Pharisees, who called the Syrian king Demetrius III to their aid. Alexander's forces were crushed at Shechem [88 BCE]. But the Judean rebels rallied around him, when they realized that the Syrian army planned to take Jerusalem. Rather than accept their aid, Alexander sought vengeance against the rebels by crucifying 800 Pharisees. His remaining years were spent on military campaigns. He died in battle near Gadara.
by Mahlon H. Smith, Rutgers University
ChildrenAristobulus II (Judah) (100bc-49bc)
 Hyrcanus II (Johnathan) (100bc-030bc)
Last Modified 27 Jul 2003Created 4 Sep 2012 using Reunion for Macintosh