NameAristobulus II (Judah) the Hasmonean King of Judaea
Birth100 BC
Death49 BC, Rome, Italy
Misc. Notes
Aristobulus II [murdered 49 BCE]

The impetuous younger son of Alexander Jannai & Salome Alexandra rebelled against his mother, defeated his older brother Hyrcanus at Jericho & proclaimed himself high priest & king. He was supported by the Sadducees but was driven from Jerusalem [65 BCE] by Arab armies of Nabataea [Jordan], who came to his brother's aid at the invitation of Antipater. Aristobulus called for & received support from the Roman legate of Syria. But Hyrcanus appealed directly to Pompey, the Roman conqueror of Syria, who was in Damascus. Aristobulus sent a counter-petition to Pompey. Yet, rather than wait for Pompey's decision --- which was complicated by an appeal by residents of Jerusalem to abolish the Judean monarchy & return to a theocracy ---, Aristobulus seized the fortress of Alexandrium. Pompey used this as a pretext to attack Jerusalem. When Aristobulus' aristocratic supporters fortified themselves in the temple, Pompey breached the walls, slaughtered thousands of Jews in the sanctuary & even entered the holy of holies. Aristobulus was sent to Rome as a hostage. He was eventually released by Julius Caesar [49 BCE], only to be poisoned by Pompey's supporters before he could wrest control of Jerusalem from supporters of his older brother.
by Mahlon H. Smith, Rutgers University
ChildrenAlexander II (-49bc)
Last Modified 27 Jul 2003Created 4 Sep 2012 using Reunion for Macintosh