NameAlfonso XI "The Just" Fernández King of Castile
Birth13 Aug 1311, Salamanca, Spain
Death26 Mar 1350, Gibraltar
Misc. Notes
His minority was marked by violent strife between factions of nobles, but when he came of age, in 1325, he restored order with unprecedented vigour. He gave new powers to the municipalities and to the Cortes, in exchange for their support against the nobles, and furthered the power of the crown by choosing officials without aristocratic affiliations. He then turned his attention to the Marinid kings of Morocco, who had seized Gibraltar and routed the Castilian fleet at Algeciras in 1340. With the Portuguese, he defeated the invaders at Río Salado in 1340 and recaptured Algeciras in 1344.

Alfonso XI promulgated important administrative and legal reforms in the ordinances of Alcalá de Henares in 1348. Alfonso was assiduously courted by both France and England, who wished for an alliance that would give them the support of his powerful fleet, but he avoided committing himself to either party.


Alfonso XI married his first cousin, Maria of Portugal. He had a son with an unknown mistress, Henry ("Enrique II") of Trastamara who reigned 1369-1379. Alfonso XI joined Alfonso IV of Portugal to crush the resurgent Moors in Spain in the Battle of the Salado River, 30 October 1340. (Alfonso XI was only two years old when his father died, and the succession was disputed by an uncle, a grand-uncle and a third cousin of the infant heir - the pretenders established centers of authority in Leon, Toledo and Seville.)
Spouses
Birth1313, Coimbra, Portugal
Death18 Jan 1357, Evora, Portugal
BurialCapilla De Los Reyes, Sevilla, Sevilla, Spain
ChildrenPedro I "The Cruel" (1334-1369)
Last Modified 17 Dec 2000Created 4 Sep 2012 using Reunion for Macintosh