NameLlewellyn Fawr “The Great” ap Iorworth Prince of Wales
Birthabt 1173, Aberffraw Castle, Caernarvonshire, Wales
Death11 Apr 1240, Aberconwy, Arllechwedd Isaf, Caernarvon, Wales
Misc. Notes
Llewellyn I, Ap Iorworth: he descends from the ancient Princes of North Wales (earliest known ancestor is Llewellyn, Prince of N. Wales, d. 994) and from Aelfgar (Edgar), Earl of Mercia who was banished in 1058 (d. 1059), and his wife Alfigifu (their dau. Editha m. Griffith I, Llewellyn's son & heir). He recovered his paternal lands in 1194 and in 1201 was the greatest prince in Wales; in 1215 he took Shrewsbury; his rights were secured by special clauses in the Magna Charta. In
1239 he retired to a Cistercian monastery. Ernst-Friedrich Kraentzler, "The Ancestory of Richard Plantagenet and Cecily de Neville..." (Salt Lake City: Accelerated Indexing Systems, 1978), p. 25, gives Llewellyn's birth year as about 1164. He is known as "The Great".

At first Llewellyn was a friend of King John, but their friendship soon ended and in 1211 John reduced him to
submission. However, in the following year, Llewellyn recovered all his losses in North Wales and, in 1215, he
took Shrewsbury. His rising had been encouraged by the Pope, by France and by the English Barons.
Throughout his reign John and Llewellyn were friends or foes according to the dictates of intelligent self-interest.
Llewellyn aimed at a united Wales under his rule and resisting the threat to local independence offered by the
increasing royal power of the kingdom of England. Later Llewellyn managed to make alliances with the
Anglo-Norman lords of the Marches, not only with his old friend the Earl of Chester, but also with the Mortimers
and the Braoses. With these families Llewellyn had personal links, as his daughters married members of all of
them. Llewelyn died at sixty-five from a stroke on April 11, 1240, at Aberconway Abbey.

References: [CP],[Moncreiffe],[RoyalAAF],[AR7],[Paget1], [EnglishP],[ConverseA],[Weis1],[MRL],[APC],[MCS4],
[MC]
Spouses
Birthabt 1168, Rhos, Denbigh, Wales
Deathabt 1206
ChildrenGladys "the Dark Eyed" (~1194-1251)
Birth22 Jul 1201, England
Death4 Mar 1237, Aberconwy, Arllechwedd Isaf, Caernarvonshire, Wales
BurialTarrant Crawford, Dorsetshire, England
Marriage1205, Wales
ChildrenMargaret (Margred) (~1206->1268)
 Elen Verch (~1206-<1253)
ChildrenHelen (~1246->1295)
Last Modified 12 Jun 2005Created 4 Sep 2012 using Reunion for Macintosh