comics research bibliography: Comics and African-Americans

Based on the comics research bibliography, copyright 2002 by John Bullough and Michael Rhode.

[Unknown.] 1948.
Negro Heroes: A new comics publication. [Black comics].
School and Society 67(Jul 19):457.

[Unknown.] 1985.
Making a mint in collectibles [comics].
Black Enterprise (Jun):72.

[Unknown.] 1991.
Black cartoonists bring new color to the comics.
Time 138(21; Nov 25):104-106.

[Unknown.] 1997.
A real-life action hero [Alonzo Washington and Omega 7; Black-published comics].
People Weekly 47(14; Apr 14):102.

Andelman, David A. 1970.
Comics find Negro heroes [Black comics].
New York Times (Sep 22):C47.

Astor, David. 1994.
He is a good judge of puzzle cartoons: Sacramento Judge Barry Loncke gets parents and kids to work together on his Sunday comic feature [African-American creator].
Editor and Publisher (December 17): 40-1

Astor, David. 1994.
Newspaper apologizes: Sacramento Bee editor says the paper was wrong to run a cartoon containing the word 'nigger' [editorial cartoon, African-American issue].
Editor and Publisher (March 26): 16-7

Astor, David. 1994.
Overseas opinions offered at meeting: South African artists and international experts talk to editorial cartoonists at New Orleans convention.
Editor and Publisher (July 9): 34-6

Astor, David. 1995.
MacNelly on 'telly' led to cartooning [also Steve Bentley, African-American cartoonist]?
Editor and Publisher (September 23): 40-1

Astor, David. 1996.
Several artists are mad at magazine [black cartoonists & New Yorker].
Editor & Publisher (June 8): 35-36

Banks, Adelle M. 1995.
Black religion titles find growing market [including comic books].
Albany Times Union (Aug 3):B11.

Beech, Wendy M. 1997.
Soul men [Black-owned comic book companies].
Black Enterprise 27(10; May):28-30.

Bidaut-Russell, M, JP Valla, JM Thomas, L Bergeron and E Lawson. 1998.
Reliability of the Terry: a mental health cartoon-like screener for African-American children.
Child Psychiatry & Human Development 28 (4; Summer): 249-63

Brandon, Brumsic. 1974.
'Luther' and the Black image in the comics.
Freedomways 14(3):233-241.

Brown, Carolyn M. 1994.
Marketing a New Universe of Heroes.
Black Enterprise 25(4; Nov):80.

Campbell, E. Simms. 1943.
More Cuties in Arms [Cuties strip collection by black cartoonist].
Philadelphia: David McKay

Clarke, Caroline Veronica. 1997.
Not your average 9 to 5 [comic creator R. Armstrong].
Black Enterprise 27(Feb):111.

Coates, Ta-Nehisi. 1999.
Comic belief: Aaron McGruder's Boondocks brings black and white to a beige medium.
Washington City Paper (July 23): 33-34

Cuthbert, David. 1996.
Quick on the draw [African-American cartoonist John Slade].
AAEC (Association of American Editorial Cartoonists) Notebook (Spring)

Davenport, Christian. 1998.
The Brother Might be Made of Steel, But He Sure Ain't Super...Man [Superman; African-American issues].
Other Voices 1(2; September):

Goldstuck, Arthur. 1992.
Censors caught between rockets and a hard plot [South Africa].
Weekly Mail (February ?).

Goldstuck, Arthur. 1992.
Comics: South Africa's new moral battleground.
Times of London (March 2).

Havig, Alan. 1988.
Richard F. Outcault's Pore Lil' Mose: variations on the Black stereotype in American comic art.
Journal of American Culture 11(Spring):33-41.

Hentoff, Nat. 1998.
Students burning newspapers (again) [censorship of Chuck Asay political cartoon "Which One Of These Kills More Blacks?"].
Washington Post (March 7): A19.

Irvine, Martha. 1999.
Superheroes Come in All Colors [black creator and self-publisher Donald McQuay].
Associated Press (June 23)

Klein, Jeff Z. 2000.
A new neighborhood for the black sitcom ["The P.J.'s" animated tv show].
New York Times (August 27): AR 21, 28

Lameiras, Joao Miguel. 1994.
Alberto Breccia: A Obra ao Negro [Breccia's work and South American politics].
Nemo Fanzine (18; Mar).

Lent, John A. 1996.
Comic Art in Africa, Asia, Australia and Latin America: A Comprehensive, International Bibliography [Forewords by Effat Abdel Azim, Esmail, Abu Abraham, and Ares (Aristides Esteban Hernandez Guerrera)].
Westport, CT: Greenwood Press.

Little, Jonathan. 1996.
From the comic book to the comic: Charles Johnson's variation on creative expression [Black comics].
African American Review 30(4; Winter):579-601.

Lowis, MJ and JM Nieuwoudt. 1995.
The use of a cartoon rating scale as a measure for the humor construct [in South Africa].
Journal of Psychology 129 (2; March): 133-44

Lyden, Jacki. 1997.
Madam and Eve [South Africa Comic Strip].
National Public Radio's Weekend Edition Sunday (December 14)

McLoughlin, Tim O. 1989.
Reading Zimbabwean comic strips.
Research in African Literatures 20(Summer):217-41.

Mellinger, Wayne Martin. 1992
"Postcards from the Edge of the Color Line: Images of African Americans in Popular Culture, 1893-1917"
Symbolic Interaction vol.15 no.4. pp.413-433

Mills, David. 1991.
Drawing a new crowd: Hip! Hop! Pow! The new Black superheroes.
Washington Post (Oct 13):G1, G4.

Mingo, Jack. 1998.
Here comes Omega Man [Alonzo Washington's black superhero comic].
Washington Post (July 13): D4.

Moore, Jonathan. 1993.
Black students start comic strip.
Albany Times Union (Sep 20):C4.

Nyamnjoh, Francis B. 1999.
Press cartoons and politics in Cameroon [Africa].
International Journal of Comic Art 1 (2; Fall): 171-190

Onstad, Katrina. 1999.
The PJs needs to find an edge: Critics say the show insults blacks
National Post (January 22)

PackalÚn, Leif. 1999.
Comics in the development of Africa.
International Journal of Comic Art 1 (1; Spring/Summer): 104-121

Parker, Lonnae O'Neal. 1997.
Strip tease [A. McGruder's African-American strip The Boondocks].
Washington Post (Aug 20).

Parker, Lonnae O'Neal. 1999.
Funnies man: Aaron McGruder's 'The Boondocks' Has a Point. And It's Not Afraid to Poke Fun [African-American comic strip].
Washington Post (April 26): C1, 4

Penn, Steve. 1996.
It's a mighty leap from comics to toys [Omega Man and black heroes].
Kansas City Star (Nov 10).

Potter, Valerie. 1992.
DC allied with Milestone Media [black creators].
Comics Journal (153; October): 26-27

Prince, Richard. 1996.
Color Lines; Black and White Journalists on the Lack of African-American Editorial Cartoonists.
AAEC (Association of American Editorial Cartoonists) Notebook (Winter)

Radford, Bill. 2000.
The Comic Fan: Creative pair puts diversity in Gotham City [Greg Rucka and Shawn Martinbrough on Batman and black characters].
Colorado Springs Gazette (May 14)

Radford, Bill. 2000.
The comic fan: Comics showing more diversity, but black heroes still lack titles.
Colorado Springs Gazette (February 20)

Reiff, Laura. 1995.
Oliver Harrington dies in Berlin home [black political cartoonist].
Comics Journal (182; November): 20-21

Simes, David J.A. 1997.
Letters [Black-owned Big City Comics and Brotherman: Dictator of Discipline].
Inks 4(2; May):1.

Slade, John. 1996.
"But I Am Too a Black Cartoonist! . . . Really!" [editorial cartoons].
Dubuque, IA: Kendall/Hunt

Spiegelman, Art. 1993.
Valentine's Day [Orthodox Jew kissing black woman].
New Yorker (February 15): cover

Stevens, John D. 1974.
'Bungleton Green': Black Comic Strip Ran 43 Years
Journalism Quarterly 51(1):122

Stevens, John D. 1976.
'Color' in the comic strips: Racial stereotyping trends in black and in white newspapers.
59th Annual Meeting of the Association for Education in Journalism (Jul/Aug), College Park, MD.

Stevens, John D. 1976.
Reflections in a dark mirror: Comic strips in Black newspapers.
Journal of Popular Culture 10(1; Summer).

Streitfeld, David. 1998.
A writer with real chops: Charles Johnson takes on Kung Fu and Martin Luther King [black cartoonist turned prose writer].
Washington Post (April 11): B1, B3.

Unknown. 1994.
SA AIDS comic "Roxy" [South African educational comic book].
Nursing RSA 9(10; October): 4

Unknown. 1993.
About baseball star ['Jump Start' by Robb Armstrong on Negro League star Gene Benson].
Editor and Publisher (January 30): 36

Unknown. 1993.
About black artists [in Ebony magazines].
Editor and Publisher (January 9): 30

Unknown. 1993.
New comic strip for black-owned newspapers [Posro Komic's The Griots].
Editor and Publisher (March 13): 32

Unknown. 1994.
Strip features a cat and a beauty salon ['Process' by Crystal Davenport; African-American strip].
Editor and Publisher (August 6): 31

Unknown. 1994.
Two comics offered [African-American strips by Van Stone and Darius Jones].
Editor and Publisher (December 3): 34

Unknown. 1995.
'Process' turns one [African-American strip by Crystal Davenport].
Editor and Publisher (August 12): 36

Unknown. 1996.
'Our Roots' looks at black achievers [British comic strip by Tayo Fatunla].
Editor & Publisher (January 20): 36

Unknown. 1996.
Racial redrawing [of black children with guns in 'Amazing Spider-Man].
Editor & Publisher (August 3): 34

Waters, Harry F. 1993.
Another kind of superhero [Black Superheroes].
Newsweek 122(Aug 16):58-9.

Winbush, Jeffrey. 1993.
[The new Black age of comics.]
Comics Journal (160; Jun).