comics research bibliography: Batman

Based on the comics research bibliography, copyright 2002 by John Bullough and Michael Rhode.

[Siegel, Robert]. 1997.
Burgess Meredith Dies [cartoon voice and Batman tv show actor].
National Public Radio's All Things Considered (September 10)

[Unknown.] 1965.
Superfans and Batmaniacs [comics fandom].
Newsweek (Feb 15):89.

[Unknown.] 1990.
DC Comics gives Batman sidekick [new Robin Tim Drake].
Albany Times Union (Oct 26):C7.

[Unknown.] 1992.
Drawing a Joker [Jack Nicholson gives movie props to Georgetown University].
Washington Post (Feb 8):D3.

[Unknown.] 1994.
Actor Cesar Romero Dies at 86; Played the Joker on 'Batman.'
Washington Post (Jan 3).

[Unknown.] 1994.
Code of dishonor [advertisements in Batman comic].
Entertainment Weekly (Aug 26).

[Unknown.] 1994.
Holy royalties! A senator's crusade for Batman.
Washington Post (May 19):D3.

[Unknown.] 1994.
Imaging by Wabit [Batman cartoon imaging software].
Broadcasting and Cable 124(30; Jul 25):76.

[Unknown.] 1997.
Films offer variety among the sequels [Hercules, Batman and Robin, Tetsuo II, Steel, Spawn and Men in Black movies].
Albany Times Union (May 8).

[Unknown.] 1997.
Holy underwear, Batman! The caped crusader in all his glory featured in book.
Kansas City Star (Jan 2).

[Unknown.] 1997.
Jeep Swenson, actor and bodybuilder [obituary; Batman and Robin film].
Washington Post (Sep 1).

[Unknown.] 1997.
The Caped Crusader has always been the hero, but now he's also a good guy [Batman and Robin movie].
Baltimore Sun (Jun 20).

Abella, Olga. 1993.
Batman's Perversity: Sadism, Masochism, or Just Plain American Do-Goodism?
Popular Culture Conference.

Abella, Olga. 1995.
Batman's perversity: Heroism as self-involvement.
Literature and Popular Culture Conference, SUNY-Binghamton.

Abelson, Alan. 1996.
Batman Bob.
Barron's (Oct 28).

Adams, Neal. 1998.
Neal Adams Art Showcase [Batman story pencils].
Comic Book Artist (1; Spring): 47-50

Adams, Noah. 1995.
Batmobile FX ["Batman Forever" movie].
National Public Radio's All Things Considered (June 22)

Aguirre-Sacasa, Roberto. 2000.
Not the same Batman [artist Shawn Martinbrough].
Washington City Paper (January 14): 52

Allstetter, Rob. 1997.
The Dark Knight returns [Batman: The Animated Series].
Wizard (72; Aug).

Arave, Lynn. 1997.
Get comic-book version of new Batman film June 6.
Deseret [UT] News (May 23).

Armstrong, Joe. 1998.
Superman and Batman are Market Champs
Irish Times (September 11)

Ascher-Walsh, Rebecca. 1995.
Val Kilmer [Batman Forever movie].
Enteratinment Weekly (Jun 30):24-28.

Associated Press. 1999.
Superman, Batman, Tarzan Still Have Some Punch at Auction.
Associated Press (June 28)

Associated Press. 1998.
'Batman' Creator Bob Kane Dies.
Associated Press (November 5)

Atchison, Lee. 1999.
Legends of the Dark Angel: The Influence of Batman on Angel.
Sequential Tart 2 (10; November):

Atkinson, Michael. 1997.
Viking adventure [Vendela in Batman and Robin film].
Movieline (Jun):14.

Baker, Peter. 1993.
This Caped Crusader opposes gun control [Batman impersonator].
Washington Post (Jan 14).

Barol, Bill. 1989.
Batmania [Batman movie].
Newsweek (Jun 26).

Barry, Dave. 1998.
Masked marvel [Batman costume].
Washington Post Magazine (September 20): 40

Beauchamp, Lane. 1996.
Roker the joker [Al Roker's cartoons].
Kansas City Star (Aug 17).

Benesch, Connie. 1995.
Holy cartoons, Batman!
Animation Magazine 8(Aug):10.

Bergeron, Debbie. 1997.
Riddle me this, Batman [Letter re: Batman & Robin movie].
Washington Post (Jun 29):G8.

Bridwell, E. Nelson and Plastino. 1975.
[Man-Bat, Green Arrow, Black Canary and Batman].
Amazing World of DC Comics (5; Mar).

Bridwell, E. Nelson, Carmine Infantino and Murphy Anderson. 1975.
The Joker's happy victims [Batman story from Kellogg's Pop Tarts giveaway].
Amazing World of DC Comics (8; Sep).

Brody, Michael. 1995.
Batman: psychic trauma and its solution.
Journal of Popular Culture 28(Spring):171-8.

Brooker, Will. 1997.
Batman and Robin Forever.
Considered Unsightly Conference (Leeds, UK, Oct) and Containing Cultures Conference (Birmingham, UK, Nov).

Brown, Dan. 1998.
Batman's creator lived by the code of the Caped Crusader. Real-life hero: Bob Kane acted as a protector for the defenceless.
National Post (November 18)

Cagle, Jess. 1995.
Gotham City's new boss [Batman Forever movie].
Entertainment Weekly (Jul 21).

Calhoun, Pat S. 1995.
Editor of gold, Vincent Sullivan: A round robin interview [with Creig Flessel, Fred Guardineer, Gill Fox, Frank Bolle, Dick Ayers, Bob Kane, Sheldon "Shelly" Moldoff, Frank Frazetta, Chad Grothkopf].
Comic Book Marketplace (September): 32-35, 46-53

Callahan, Bob. 1998
Father of Urban Darkness (obituary for Bob Kane)
Salon Magazine (November 6)

Callanan, Liam. 1997.
What does Batman read at the beach [Herbert Thomas's The Superlative Man]?
New York Times Book Review (Aug 17).

Cardozo, Erica K. and Chris Nashawata. 1995.
Batman versus the Dinos [Batman and Robin movie].
Entertainment Weekly (Oct 19).

Chadwick, Alex. 1996.
[Denny O'Neil interview on Batman and landmine education comics].
National Public Radio's Morning Edition (November 18)

Chadwick, Alex. 1998.
Batman Creator Dies [Bob Kane].
National Public Radio's Morning Edition (November 6)

Chester, Les. 1985.
Alan Davis Checklist [British artist on Captain Britain, Batman, D.R. & Quinch, Marvelman / Miracleman].
Amazing Heroes (85; December 15): 34-38

Chester, Les. 1985.
An interview with Alan Davis [British artist on Captain Britain, Batman, D.R. & Quinch, Marvelman / Miracleman].
Amazing Heroes (85; December 15): 21-34

Ciabattari, Jane. 1995.
Batman Takes On The Ultimate Evil.
Parade Magazine (Oct 22).

Cieply, Michael. 1989.
Warner's wild card; No matter how you count "Batman's" payoff is no joke [movie].
Los Angeles Times (August 11): 6-1

Cochran, John R. 1990.
Batman: A creature of many fathers [reviews of Bob Kane's 'Batman and Me' and Mark Cotta Vaz's 'Tales of the Dark Knight'].
Albany Times Union (Jan 14):D2.

Cooke, Jon B. 1998.
The story that haunted Julie Schwartz: The tale behind "The House that Haunted Batman."
Comic Book Artist (1; Spring): 41-42

Corliss, Richard. 1989.
Murk in the myth [Batman movie review].
Time (Jun 19):60-61.

Corliss, Richard. 1989.
The caped crusader flies again [Batman movie].
Time (Jun 19):60-61.

Daly, Steve and Anne Thompson. 1996.
A Tight Squeeze [Batman and Robin movie].
Entertainment Weekly (Mar 8).

Daly, Steve. 1999.
Making prophets ['The Prince of Egypt' animated movie's video release].
Entertainment Weekly (September 17): 82-84

Daly, Steve. 1996.
Batman Collected by Chipp Kidd [review in Books: The Week].
Entertainment Weekly (Nov 1).

D'Angelo, Carr. 1987.
Dark Knights, Gotham City [Batman; Denny O'Neil].
Comics Scene Special (1):42-45.

D'Angelo, Carr. 1989.
Hamm and Batman.
Comics Scene (7):6.

Daniels, Mark R. 1989.
[Letter; Batman film].
Comics Scene (8):31.

de Klerk, L. Ronald. 1999.
Record Covers Drawn by Comic Artists.
Dini, Paul & Chip Kidd. 1998.
Batman: Animated.
New York: HarperCollins

DEDaz Maroto, Carlos and Luis F. Alboreca. 1999.
Batman: de Bob Kane a Joel Schumacher. [Super-heroes including movies; in Spanish].
Madrid, Spain: Nuer

Díaz Maroto, Carlos and Luis F. Alboreca. 1999.
Batman: de Bob Kane a Joel Schumacher. [Super-heroes; in Spanish]
Madrid, Spain: Nuer.

Dini, Paul & Chip Kidd. 1998
Batman: Animated
New York: HarperCollins

Dini, Paul & Chip Kidd. 1998.
Batman: Animated.
New York: HarperCollins

Dixon, Chuck and John Calmette (illus.). 1996.
Batman: The Joker's Apprentice [childrens' book based on Batman: The animated series].
Boston: Little, Brown.

Duncan, Andrew Seward. 1989.
Thought Balloons: Why I Want to Meet Batman [poem].
Comics Scene (8):28.

Edwards, Anne. 2000.
The Bruce Wayne / Gotham City / Batman dynamic.
Comics Journal (219; January): 95-99

Evans, Eric. 2000.
Batman Beyond #3 by Hilary J. Bader, Craig Rousseau and Rob Leigh [review].
Comics Journal (219; January): 143

Fehr, Stephen C. 1999.
A stagehand's big break: Batman actor revels in saving the day at Six Flags America.
Washington Post (August 10): B1, 3

Fierman, Daniel. 1999.
Funny 'Men': Batman's grounded and Superman's nowhere. With a high price and a hip cast, can Mystery Men save the day?
Entertainment Weekly (August 6): 18

Gerhart, Ann and Annie Groer. 1997.
The Reliable Source column [Batman & Robin movie].
Washington Post (Feb 24):D3.

Goldsmith, Martin and Royal S. Brown. 1999.
Great Film Music: Silent, Classic and Modern Eras ['Batman' score].
National Public Radio's Performance Today (January 6)

Gregorian, Dareh. 1999.
Sartorial Hero Taking a Flying Leap Bat-ward [Batman costume redesign].
New York Post (November 14)

Gross, Terry. 1990.
[Bob Kane interview].
National Public Radio's Fresh Air?

Grossman, Cathy. 2000.
Artist threw away convention to become comic book writer [Devin Grayson interview on women comics writers].
CNN Interactive (February 15):

Gugliotta, Guy. 1996.
Caped Crusader and Anti-Mine Crusader Join Forces [Batman: Death of Innocents].
Washington Post (Nov 26):A13.

Haeseler, Rob. 1998.
USPS sends ultimatum to Chicago artists: stop mailing fake stamps or be prosecuted [counterfeit Batman stamp].
Linn's Stamp News (April 20): 1, 16

Hahn, Gary. 1997.
'Batman' blitz [comics-related films].
Albany Times Union (Jun 19).

Hakim, Danny. 1995.
Soaring sidekicks, Batman!
Washington Post (Jan 8).

Harris, Dana. 2000.
A New 'Batman' in Warner Bros. Pictures' Belfry.
Reuters / Variety (August 22)

Harvey, R.C. 1999.
How much did Batman knowck-off Dick Tracy? Comics Journal (214; July): 109-111

Hick, Darren. 1999.
On the inherent setback of ongoing series [include Batman and Peanuts].
Comics Journal Online (December 15):

Horn, Maurice. 1989.
Starts today: Batman, the original 1940s strip - Introduction.
New York Daily News (Jul 16).

Howard, Lucy & Paul O'Donnell. 1998.
Creator of a dark legend [Batman creator Bob Kane obituary].
Newsweek (November 16): 10

Howe, Desson. 1997.
Batman: Winged defeat [Batman and Robin film].
Washington Post (Jun 20):Weekend/37.

Hunter, Stephen. 1997.
Fred Nietzsche, Hollywood Superman [Batman and Robin film].
Washington Post (Jun 22):G1.

Jablon, Robert. 1998.
Creator of 'Batman' Dies at 83.
Associated Press (November 6)

Jenkins, Mark. 1997.
Spirit of the beekeeper [Batman & Robin movie].
Washington City Paper (Jun 20).

Jensen, Jeff. 1998.
Holy heroes [Bob Kane obituary]!
Entertainment Weekly (November 20): 20

Jensen, Jeff. 1998.
Winging it: The talent behind the Caped Crusader [Batman] goes back to the drawing boards for a much-needed Bat-makeover.
Entertainment Weekly (December 4): 3

Judge, Mark G. 1996.
Holy censorship, Batman! Guess who's banning comic books?
Washington Post (Jun 9):C5.

Kane, Bob; Alexander, Michael. 1989.
My son, the Batman: a proud memoir by the artist who sired Gotham's defender.
People Weekly 32(Jul 31):33-4.

Kaplan, Don. 1999.
Newest Batman Darkens Kids TV.
New York Post (January 27)

Kaufman, Debra. 1997.
Summer's CG stars [computer animation in Spawn, Batman & Robin, Men in Black].
Digital Magic (Aug):20-26.

Keaton, Michael. 1996.
Winging endorsement [on Batman movie].
Entertainment Weekly (Jul 19).

Kelly, Doug. 1989.
[Letter; Batman movie; Sam Hamm].
Comics Scene (8):30.

Kempley, Rita. 1997.
'Batman and Robin:' Hero Blandwich [film].
Washington Post (Jun 20):C1.

Kerr, Euan. 1995.
[Sculptor's lawsuit against film "Batman Forever"].
National Public Radio's Morning Edition (June 22)

Kidd, Chip. 1996
Batman Collected
Boston: Bulfinch Press

Kidd, Chip. 1996.
Batman Collected.
Boston: Bulfinch Press

Konclus, Jura. 1997.
Movie Magic: toys that bring the stories home [Batman & Robin movie].
Washington Post (Jul 3).

Koppany III, B. 1998.
The Art of Richard W. Sprang [Batman artist; limited to 200 copies].
Hawthorne, CA: Striking Impressions

Kreiner, Rich. 2000.
Holy panegyric, Batman! Legends of the Dark Knight #125 [review].
Comics Journal (219; January): 21

Krieg, Christopher. 1989.
[Letter; Batman film].
Comics Scene (8):31.

Kroll, Jack. 1989.
The Joker is wild, but Batman carries the night [Batman movie].
Newsweek (Jun 26).

Kurp, Patrick. 1993.
It all began with Batman and Robin: Comic book fan draws for Marvel [John Hebert].
Albany Times Union (Feb 7):B1.

Landis, David. 1993.
Superman reborn as Batman disabled.
USA Today (August 20)

Lane, Anthony. 1997.
Summer Olympics [Men in Black, Batman and Robin and Hercules animated movie reviews].
New Yorker (Jul 7):76.

Latour, Almar. 1995.
Cartoonist vexes politicians as his Joker fights Batman [Jerry Robinson].
Insight on the News 11(21; May 29):30.

Levy, Claudia. 1997.
Character actor Burgess Meredith dies [Batman television show].
Washington Post (Sep 11):B6.

Levy, Claudia. 1998.
Cartoonist Bob Kane dies at 83; created Batman character in '30s.
Washington Post (November 7)

Los Angeles Daily News. 1988.
The 'Batman' ballot: Will Robin die?
Washington Post (Sep 7).

Lozito, Patrick. 1989.
[Letter; Keaton and Batman movie].
Comics Scene (7):42.

Malkin, Marc S. 1999.
Capeman II: Can Batman fly on Broadway?
Entertainment Weekly (January 22-29): 67

Malone, Lindsay.1 989.
[Letter; Batman film].
Comics Scene (8):31.

Marvel, Bill. 1972.
Boning up on Batman [studies of popular culture and comics].
In The Arts Explosion (C. A. Ridley, ed.).
Princeton, NJ: Dow Jones Books.

Maslin, Janet. 1997.
Batman and Robin [movie].
New York Times (Jun 20).

Masters, Kim. 1992.
Holy lawsuit, 'Batman!' [Batman movie].
Washington Post (Mar 29).

McCaffrey, Scott. 1998.
It's a new error in roller coaster design [named and styled after Batman-foe Mr. Freeze].
Sun Weekly [Arlington, VA] (July 30): 10.

Medhurst, Andy.
Batman, Deviance and Camp.
in R. Pearson, and W. Uricchio, (eds.) The Many Lives of the Batman.
New York: Routledge:149-163

Merida, Kevin and Richard Leiby. 1999.
When death imitates art: Before teenagers commit violence, they witness it in american culture [violence in comic books including Batman. Includes quote from Big Planet Comics owner Joel Pollack].
Washington Post (April 22): C01

Merle, Renae. 1997.
Riddle Me This: Fight is Not a Joke [Warner/DC suit against band with Batman villain Riddler quote for a name].
Albany Times Union (Jun 21).

Miller, Jeff. 1994.
Tracing the roots of Batman's Two-Face.
Popular Culture Association.

Miller, John M. 1995.
Action, adventure and aggravation [tv animation including Batman and Spider-Man].
Hogan's Alley 1 (2; Summer): 22-26

Morgan, Brendan. 1997.
Tributes: Burgess Meredith [Batman television series].
TV Guide (Oct 18):8.

Mougin, Lou. 1985.
A biography of Batman, part two.
Amazing Heroes (85; December 15): 39-45

Murray, Will. 1989.
Secret Origins of Batman [Bob Kane].
Comics Scene (7):28-32, 41.

Nashawaty, Chris. 1995.
The banes of his existence [Batman].
Entertainment Weekly (Jun 23).

Natale, Richard. 1989.
'Batman' proves advance press equals top dollars.
Albany Times Union (Dec 24):D7.

Newman, Graeme. 1993.
Batman and justice: The true story [Batman and violence].
Humanity and Society 17(3; Aug):297-320.

Nurmi, Juhani. 1989.
[Letter; Batman film].
Comics Scene (8):30.

Oliver, Charles B. 1989.
The comics grow up [Batman: The Dark Knight Returns and Watchmen].
Reason (May): 44-46

Orr, Philip. 1994.
The Anoepidal Mythos of Batman and Catwoman.
Journal of Popular Culture 27(4; Spring).

Patterson, Troy. 1999.
Hero worship: TV's hippest superheroes signed off 31 years ago [Batman and Robin].
Entertainment Weekly (March 12): 80

Pearson, Roberta E. and William Uricchio, eds. 1991.
The many lives of the Batman: Critical approaches to a superhero and his media.
New York: Routledge.

Pener, Degen and J. C. Pener. 1996.
Holy hearsay [Batman and Robin movie]!
Entertainment Weekly (Sep 13).

Pener, Degen. 1996.
A weighty issue [Batman and Robin movie].
Entertainment Weekly (Apr 26).

Phippen, Todd B. 1989.
[Letter; Batman contest].
Comics Scene (8):31.

Pierce, J. Kingston. 1999.
Killers, cover-ups and Max Allan Collins [interview, Batman, Dick Tracy, Ms. Tree & Mike Danger].
January magazine (December 22).
online at tml

Pirani, Adam. 1989.
Coming Soon to This Site: Gotham City [Batman movie; Anton Furst].
Comics Scene (7):33-40.

Pirani, Adam. 1989.
Dark Knight Director [Batman movie; Tim Burton].
Comics Scene (8):33-39, 58.

Pirani, Adam. 1989.
Gotham's Gothic Glamour [Batman movie costumes].
Comics Scene (7):45-47.

Pond, Steve. 1997.Highbrow Bat-Sounds [soundtrack to Batman and Robin film].
Movieline (Jul):34.

Powell, Bil. 1989.
[Letter; Batman film].
Comics Scene (8):30.

Puckett, Kelley and Jon J Muth (illustrator). 2000.
Batman's Dark Secret [children's novel].
New York: Cartwheel Books

Rabkin, William and Steve Swires. 1987.
Adam West: The Dark Knight Dismayed [Batman TV series and movie]?
Comics Scene Special (1):74.

Radford, Bill. 1999.
The comic fan: Batman at 60 generates sweep back.
Colorado Springs Gazette (November 7)

Radford, Bill. 1999.
The comic fan: Discover heartbreaking reasons behind Batman's obsessions.
Colorado Springs Gazette (November 21)

Radford, Bill. 2000.
The Comic Fan: Creative pair puts diversity in Gotham City [Greg Rucka and Shawn Martinbrough on Batman and black characters].
Colorado Springs Gazette (May 14)

Radford, Bill. 2000.
The Comic Fan: Joker gets his own story line [DC / Dark Horse miniseries].
Colorado Springs Gazette (May 21)

Radford, Bill. 2000.
Comics set for urban renewal [DC's Metropolis and Gotham in Superman and Batman comic books].
Bergen Record (January 3)

Radford, Bill. 2000.
The Comic Fan: Batman saga makes gripping novel.
Colorado Springs Gazette (January 16)

Rainer, Peter. 1997.
Batman on ice: Joel Schumacher, not Mr. Freeze, kills the Dark Knight.
Dallas Observer (June 19).
online at

Redeker, Kim. 1998.
Ka-Blam! Webster Artist Has Heroic Challenge Of Drawing Superman, Batman For Pages Of DC Comics
[St. Louis, MO] Webster-Kirkwood Times (October 9)

Redeker, Kim. 1998.
Ka-Blam! Webster Artist Has Heroic Challenge Of Drawing Superman, Batman For Pages Of DC Comics [Rick Burchett]
[St. Louis, MO] Webster-Kirkwood Times (October 9)

Reed, Cory. 1995.
Batman Returns: From the Comic(s) to the Grotesque.
Post Script 14(3; Summer):37.

Richler, Mordecai. 1987.
Batman at midlife: or, The funnies grow up.
New York Times Book Review 92(May 3):35.

Robinson, F. F. 1989.
[Letter; Batman film].
Comics Scene (8):31.

Ross, Andrew. 1990.
Ballots, Bullets, or Batman [movie].
Screen 31 (1; Spring): 26-44.

Rucka, Greg. 2000.
Batman: No Man's Land [novel based on comic book series].
New York: Pocket Books

Salek, Rebecca. 2000.
The Huntress and the Hunted [DC Batman spin-off].
Sequential Tart 3 (4; April):

Schelly, Bill. 1999.
Batman's bad trip: An in-depth, personal look at "Robin Dies at Dawn".
Alter Ego 2 (5; Summer): 18-20

Schelly, Bill. 1999.
My years with Batman: An interview with Sheldon Moldoff.
Alter Ego 2 (5; Summer): 14-17

Schelly, Bill. 1999.
Alter Ego 2(3; Winter): 14-21

Schumer, Arlen. 1999.
Real facts and true lies: The true story behind "The True Story of Batman and Robin".
Alter Ego 2 (5; Summer): 6-8

Schumer, Arlen. 1999.
The "Bat-Man" cover story: The tale of Bob Kane's darknight detective that "could-have-been".
Alter Ego 2 (5; Summer): 4-5

Schwartz, Alvin. 1998.
An Unlikely Prophet: Revelations on the Path Without Form [Semi-autobiographical work by golden age DC Superman & Batman writer].
Divina/MacMurray & Beck.

Seitz, Matt Zoller. 1995.
Batman finally: Joel Schumacher's Caped Crusader epic proves the third time's the charm.
Dallas Observer (June 22).
online at

Serchay, David. 1996.
Writing for Gargoyles: Michael Reaves enjoys his work for the Disney action series [also Teen Titans Spotlight and Batman: The Animated Series].
Animoto! (36; Fall):47-48.

Shales, Tom. 1995.
[reviews "Batman Forever" movie (6:00)].
National Public Radio's Morning Edition (June 16)

Shales, Tom. 1997.
[reviews "Batman and Robin" movie].
National Public Radio's Morning Edition (June 20)

Shaw, Jessica. 1996.
Gen X marks the Bat [Batman and Robin movie].
Entertainment Weekly (Mar 8).

Short, Randall. [Date unknown.]
Batman: The Ultimate Evil [review; by Andrew Vachss].
New York Times.

Sims, Michael. 1997.
Unmasking the neverending allure of Batman.
BookPage (Jun):11.

Siskel, Gene. 1997.
Two popular series spawn sorry sequels [Batman Forever movie].
TV Guide (Nov 15):42.

Smith, Ethan. 1996.
Icing on the cape [Batman and Robin movie].
Entertainment Weekly (Nov 1).

Sonnenborne, Scott and Liz Lewis. 2000.
The Batman Beyond Files [animated tv series].

Spiegelman, Arthur. 1998.
Batman creator Bob Kane dies at age 83
Reuters (November 5)

Spinner, Jackie. 1998.
Gala kicks off Adventure World transformation [amusement park licensing Warner characters including Batman].
Washington Post (October 29): B7.

Spinner, Jackie. 1998.
'Six Flags' to rise over Largo's Adventure World [amusement park licensing Warner characters including Batman].
Washington Post (October 28): A1, A16

Spinner, Jackie. 1999.
Countdown to Opening of Six Flags: Park's coasters are just about ready to roll. [Warner Brothers and DC Comics licensing of characters including Batman].
Washington Post (April 29): VA7

Spinner, Jackie. 1999.
Six Flags park plans major expansion: Largo neighbors wary of noise, traffic increases [Warner Brothers and DC Comics licensing of characters including Batman].
Washington Post (April 29): B2

Spurgeon, Tom. 1998.
Bob Kane dead at 83.
Comics Journal (208; November): 12-15

Stern, Christopher. 2000.
All hyped up about Harry: Merchandisers getting ready to profit from 'Potter' magic [Warner / DC claims 1 billion dollars on Batman licensing].
Washington Post (June 20): E1, 5

Sterritt, David. 1989.
It's still an action yarn, but a gloomy tone takes over in this version of the comic-book hero's story [Batman].
Christian Science Monitor (Jun 29).

Strauss, Bob. 1996.
The Adventures of Batman and Robin [video game review in Multimedia: The Week].
Entertainment Weekly (Jul 28).

Strauss, Bob. 1997.
Casting about for ideas on the next Batman [film].
Albany Times Union (Jun 24).

Sullivan, Mark W. 2000.
Mark Bennett: As Seen On TV - Art, Architecture, and a Woman Named Barbara [exhibit review, Batman tv show].
Washington City Paper (April 21): 86

Sullivan, R. Lee. 1996.
Batman in a bustier ["bad-girl" comics].
Forbes 157(7; Apr 8):37.

Tanahey, Ed. 1999.
A New 'Batman' Takes Wing [Batman Beyond animated tv series; Paul Dini].
New York Daily News (January 11)

Tanahey, Ed. 1999.
A New 'Batman' Takes Wing [Batman Beyond animated tv series; Paul Dini].
New York Daily News (January 11)

Tanhaney, Ed. 1997.
The Bat is back; Another summer, another Batman [movie].
Edmonton Journal (June 18)

Tanhaney, Ed. 1997.
'Batman' movie tries to bring back caped crusader of old comics.
Albany Times Union (Jun 20).

Toppman, Lawrence. 1997.
Bat Bore: Despite High-Profile Cast of Heroes and Villains, 'Batman and Robin' Is Dullest, Loudest Bat Sequel [movie].
Albany Times Union (Jun 20).

Toth, Alex. 1999.
Alex Toth: Before I Forget; On Frank Robbins, DC Comics' Batman and The Shadow.
Comic Book Artist (5: Summer): 32-34

Tucker, Ken. 1999.
Batman and rockin' Robin.
Entertainment Weekly (October 29): 112

Tucker, Ken. 2000.
Right off the Bat [Paul Dini and 'Batman: The Animated Series'].
Entertainment Weekly (545; June 16): 55

Tucker, Ken. 1999.
Catchy 'toons [Batman Beyond; The PJs; animated tv series].
Entertainment Weekly (January 15): 46-7

United Press International. 1998.
Gotham cops bust Batman, Riddler [Greenpeace protest about toys].
United Press International (Feb 13).

Unknown. 1981.
Gene Colan leaves Marvel for DC, will pencil Batman, Wonder Woman and The Phantom Zone.
Comics Feature (11; August): 13-14

Unknown. 1999.
[60th anniversary of Batman].
Auburn [NY] Citizen (June 6)

Unknown. 1999.
[Batman: War on Crime and Trouble Magnet reviews].
Memphis Commerical Appeal (December 12)

Unknown. 1999.
[Batman: War on Crime review].
Dubuque, IN Telegraph Herald (November 28)

Unknown. 1999.
[Batman: War on Crime review].
Metro Santa Cruz (December 1)

Unknown. 1999.
[Batman: War on Crime review].
Syracuse Herald-American (November 28)

Unknown. 1999.
Mary Kay Bergman, cartoon voice [obituary; worked on South Park, Scooby-Doo, Batman and Iron Giant animated shows].
Washington Post (November 20): B7

Unknown. 2000.
[DC's "gems" of 1999, mentioning GON, 100 Bullets, Batman: No Man's Land, Batman: War on Crime, Planetary, the Authority, Wildcats, and all the America's Best Comics titles].
Cleveland Plain-Dealer (January 1)

Unknown. 2000.
[DC's "urban renewal" of Metropolis and Gotham in Superman and Batman com ic books].
Baltimore Sun (January 1)

Unknown. 2000.
Brad Pitt in Talks to Don Batman's Cowl - UK Paper.
Reuters (September 6)

Van Hise, James. 1992.
Batmania II.
Las Vegas, NV: Pioneer.

Varner, Greg. 2000.
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