E. B. Watson

published articles and book chapters

(grouped by topic)


  element partitioning

  diffusion

  accessory minerals

  microstructure & properties of rocks containing fluid or melt

  miscellaneous (techniques, geothermometers, phase equilibria, etc.)

    editorials


element partitioning and related topics

E.B. Watson (1976) Two-liquid partition coefficients: Experimental data and geochemical implications. Contrib. Mineral. Petrol. 56, 119-134.

E.B. Watson (1977) Partitioning of manganese between forsterite and silicate liquid. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 41, 1363-1374.

E.B. Watson (1979) Calcium content of forsterite coexisting with silicate melt in the system Na2O-CaO-MgO-Al2O3-SiO2. Am. Mineral. 64, 824-829.

E.B. Watson (1980) Some experimentally-determined zircon/liquid partition coefficients for the rare earth elements. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 44, 895-897.

C.J. Capobianco and E.B. Watson (1982) Olivine/silicate melt partitioning of germanium: An example of a nearly constant partition coefficient. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 46, 235-240.

E.B. Watson (1985) Henry's law behavior in simple systems and in magmas: Criteria for distinguishing concentration-dependent partition coefficients in nature. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 49, 917-923.

E.B. Watson, D. Ben Othman, J.-M. Luck and A.W. Hofmann (1987) Partitioning of U, Pb, Cs, Yb, Hf, Re and Os between chromian diopsidic pyroxene and haplobasaltic liquid. Chem. Geol. 62, 191-208.

E.B. Watson and F.J. Ryerson (1986) Partitioning of zirconium between clinopyroxene and magmatic liquids of intermediate composition. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 50, 2523-2526.

A.J.G. Jurewicz and E.B. Watson (1988) Cations in olivine, part 1: Calcium partitioning and calcium/magnesium distribution between olivines and coexisting melts, with petrologic applications. Contrib. Mineral. Petrol. 99, 176-185.

J.M. Brenan and E.B. Watson (1991) Partitioning of trace elements between carbonate melt and clinopyroxene and olivine at mantle P-T conditions. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 55, 2203-2214.

J.M. Brenan and E.B. Watson (1991) Partitioning of trace elements between olivine and aqueous fluids at high P-T conditions: Implications for the effect of fluid composition on trace-element transport. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 107, 672-688.

P. Beattie, M. Drake, J. Jones, W. Leeman, J. Longhi, G. McKay, R. Nielsen, H. Palme, D. Shaw, E. Takahashi and E.B. Watson (1993) Terminology for trace-element partitioning. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 57, 1605-1606.

T. Skulski, W. Minarik and E.B. Watson (1994) High-pressure experimental trace element partitioning between clinopyroxene and basaltic melts. Chem. Geol. 117, 127-147.

E.B. Watson and Y. Liang (1995) A simple model for sector zoning in slowly-grown crystals: Implications for growth rate and lattice diffusion, with emphasis on accessory minerals in crustal rocks. Am. Mineral. 80, 1170-1187.

E.B. Watson (1996) Surface enrichment and trace-element uptake during crystal growth. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 60, 5013-5020.

E.B. Watson, D.J. Cherniak, J.M. Hanchar, T.M. Harrison and D.A. Wark (1997) The incorporation of Pb into zircon. Chem. Geol. 141, 19-31.

E.B. Watson (2004) A conceptual model for near-surface kinetic controls on the trace-element and stable-isotope composition of abiogenic calcite.  Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 68, 1473-1488.

R.I. Gabitov and E.B. Watson (2006) Partitioning of strontium between calcite and fluid. G3, Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems 7, Q11004, doi:10.1029/2005GC001216.

D.A. Wark and E.B. Watson (2006) TitaniQ: a titanium-in-quartz geothermometer. Contrib. Mineral. Petrol. 152, 743-754, doi: 10.1007/s00410-006-0132-308 1.

E.B. Watson, J.B. Thomas and D.J. Cherniak (2007) 40Ar retention in the terrestrial planets.  Nature 449, 299-304. www.nature.com/doifinder/10.1038/nature06144.

R.I. Gabitov, G. Gaetani, E.B. Watson, A.L. Cohen, G. Gaetani and H. L. Ehrlich (2008) Experimental determination of temperature and growth rate effects on U6+ and Mg2+ partitioning between aragonite and fluid. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 72, 4058-4068.

J.B Thomas, E.B. Watson, F.S. Spear, P.T. Shemella, S.K. Nayak and A. Lanzirotti (2010) TitaniQ under pressure: the effect of pressure and temperature on Ti-in-quartz solubility.  Contrib. Mineral. Petrol. 160, 743-759. DOI: 10.1007/s00410-010-0505-3.

R.I Gabitov, E.B. Watson (2012), A. Sadekov (2012) Oxygen isotope fractionation between calcite and fluid as a function of growth rate and temperature: An in situ study.  Chem. Geol. 306, 92-102.

N.A. Lanzillo, E.B. Watson, J.B. Thomas, S.K. Nayak, A. Curioni (2014) Near-surface controls on the composition of growing crystals: Car-Parrinello molecular dynamics (CPMD) simulations of Ti energetics and diffusion in alpha quartz. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta (in press, January 2014).

                                       

 

diffusion

E.B. Watson (1979) Calcium diffusion in a simple silicate melt to 30 kbar. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 43, 313-322.

E.B. Watson (1979) Diffusion of cesium ions in H2O-saturated granitic melt. Science 205, 1259-1260.

E.B. Watson (1981) Diffusion in magmas at depth in the Earth: The effects of pressure and dissolved H2O. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 52, 291-301.

E.B. Watson (1982) Basalt contamination by continental crust: Some experiments and models. Contrib. Mineral. Petrol. 80, 73-87.

E.B. Watson, M. Sneeringer and A. Ross (1982) Diffusion of dissolved carbonate in magmas: Experimental results and applications. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 61, 346-358.

T.M. Harrison and E.B. Watson (1983) Kinetics of zircon dissolution and zirconium diffusion in granitic melts of variable water content. Contrib. Mineral. Petrol. 84, 67-72.

E.B. Watson and S.R. Jurewicz (1984) Behavior of alkalies during diffusive interaction of granitic xenoliths with basaltic magma. J. Geol. 92, 121-131.

E.B. Watson, T.M. Harrison and F.J. Ryerson (1985) Diffusion of Sm, Sr and Pb in fluorapatite. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 49, 1813-1823.

E.B. Watson (1986) Immobility of reduced carbon along grain boundaries in dunite. Geophys. Res. Lett. 13, 529-532.

E.B. Watson (1986) An experimental study of oxygen transport in dry rocks and related kinetic phenomena. J. Geophys. Res. 91, 14117-14131.

E.B. Watson (1987) Solubility and diffusivity of C in Pt. Am. Mineral. 72, 487-490.

A.J.G. Jurewicz and E.B. Watson (1988) Cations in olivine, part 2: Diffusion in olivine xenocrysts, with applications to petrology and mineral physics. Contrib. Mineral. Petrol. 99, 186-201.

D.R. Baker and E.B. Watson (1988) Diffusion of major and trace elements in compositionally-complex Cl- and F-bearing silicate melts. J. Non-Cryst. Solids 102, 62-70.

E.B. Watson and D.R. Baker (1991) Chemical diffusion in magmas: An overview of experimental results and geochemical applications. In Advances in Physical Geochemistry, vol. 9, I. Kushiro and L. Perchuk, Eds. Springer-Verlag.

E.B. Watson (1991) Diffusion in fluid-bearing and slightly-melted rocks: experimental and numerical approaches illustrated by iron transport in dunite. Contrib. Mineral. Petrol. 107, 417-434.

E.B. Watson (1991) Diffusion of dissolved CO2 and Cl in hydrous silicic to intermediate magmas. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 55, 1897-1902.

D.J. Cherniak and E.B. Watson (1992) A study of strontium diffusion in K-feldspar, Na-K feldspar and anorthite using Rutherford Backscattering Spectroscopy. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 113, 411-425.

Y. Liang, F.M. Richter and E.B. Watson (1994) Convection in multicomponent silicate melts driven by coupled diffusion. Nature 369, 390-392.

E.B. Watson (1994) Diffusion in volatile-bearing magmas. In: Volatiles in Magmas, pp. 371-411 (Reviews in Mineralogy, vol. 30, M.R. Carroll and J.R. Holloway, Eds.), Mineralogical Society of America, Washington D.C.

D.J. Cherniak and E.B. Watson (1994) A study of strontium diffusion in plagioclase using Rutherford backscattering spectroscopy. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 58, 5179-5190.

E.B. Watson and Y. Liang (1995) A simple model for sector zoning in slowly-grown crystals: Implications for growth rate and lattice diffusion, with emphasis on accessory minerals in crustal rocks. Am. Mineral. 80, 1170-1187.

Y. Liang, F.M. Richter, A. Davis and E.B. Watson (1996) Diffusion in silicate melts: I. Self diffusion in CaO-Al2O3-SiO2 at 1500° C and 1 GPa. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 60, 4353-4368.

Y. Liang, F.M. Richter and E.B. Watson (1996) Diffusion in silicate melts: II. Multicomponent chemical diffusion in CaO-Al2O3-SiO2 at 1500° C and 1 GPa. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 60, 5021-5036.

D.J. Cherniak, J.M. Hanchar and E.B. Watson (1996) Rare earth diffusion in zircon. Chem. Geol. 136, 289-301.

D.J. Cherniak, J.M. Hanchar and E.B. Watson (1997) Diffusion of tetravalent cations in zircon. Contrib. Mineral. Petrol. 127, 383-390.

E.B. Watson and D.J. Cherniak (1997) Oxygen diffusion in zircon. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 148, 527-544.

E.B. Watson and D.A. Wark (1997) Diffusion of dissolved SiO2 in H2O at 1 GPa, with implications for mass transport in the crust and upper mantle. Contrib. Mineral. Petrol. 130, 66-80.

D.K. Moore, D.J. Cherniak and E.B. Watson (1998) Oxygen diffusion in rutile from 750 to 1000° C and 0.1 to 1000 MPa. Am. Mineral. 83, 700-711.

K.T. Winther, E.B. Watson and G.M. Korenowski (1998) Magmatic sulfur compounds and sulfur diffusion in albite melt at 1 GPa. Am. Mineral. 83, 1141-1151.

G.A. Gaetani and E.B. Watson (2000) Open-system behavior of olivine-hosted melt inclusions. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 183, 27-41.

D.J. Cherniak and E.B. Watson (2001) Pb diffusion in zircon. Chem. Geol. 172, 5-24.

D.J. Cherniak, X.Y. Zhang, N.K. Wayne and E.B. Watson (2001)  Sr, Y, and REE diffusion in fluorite. Chem. Geol. 181, 99-111.

G.A. Gaetani and E.B. Watson (2002) Modeling the major-element evolution of olivine-hosted melt inclusions. Chem. Geol. 183, 25-41.

E.B. Watson and J.D. Price (2002) Kinetics of the reaction MgO + Al2O3 ® MgAl2O4 and Al-Mg interdiffusion in spinel at 1200-2000°C and 1.0-4.0 GPa. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 66, 2123-2138. 

E.B. Watson and D.J. Cherniak (2003) Lattice diffusion of Ar in quartz, with constraints on Ar solubility and evidence of nanopores.  Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 67, 2043-2062.

F.M. Richter, A.M. Davis, D.J. DePaolo and E.B. Watson (2003) Isotope fractionation by chemical diffusion between molten basalt and rhyolite.  Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta (in press).

H.C. Watson and E.B. Watson (2003) Siderophile trace element diffusion in Fe-Ni alloys.  Phys. Earth Planet. Int. 139, 65-75.

D.J Cherniak and E.B. Watson (2003) Diffusion in Zircon, In: Zircon, ch. 5, pp. 113-143 (Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry, vol. 53, J.M. Hanchar and P.W.O. Hoskin, Eds.), Mineralogical Society of America, Washington D.C.

D.J. Cherniak, E.B. Watson, M. Grove and T.M. Harrison (2004) Pb diffusion in monazite: a combined RBS/SIMS study.  Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 68, 829-840.

D.A. Wark and E.B. Watson (2004) Interdiffusion of H2O and CO2 in metamorphic fluids at 580-660°C and 1 GPa.  Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 68, 2693-2698.

D.J. Cherniak, X.Y. Zhang, M. Nakamura and E.B. Watson (2004) Oxygen diffusion in monazite.  Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 226, 161-174.

R.I. Gabitov, J.D. Price and E.B. Watson (2005) Diffusion of Ca and F in haplogranitic melt from dissolving fluorite crystals at 900,1000ºC and 100 MPa, G3, Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems 6, Q03011, doi:10.1029/2004GC000832.

E.B. Watson and E.F. Baxter (2006) Diffusion in solid-Earth systems.  Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 253, 307-327, doi: 10.1016/j.epsl.2006.11.015. click here for pdf reprint

X.Y. Zhang, D.J. Cherniak and E.B. Watson (2006) Oxygen diffusion in titanite: lattice diffusion and fast-path diffusion in single crystals.  Chem. Geol. 235, 105-123. reprint

D.J. Cherniak, E.B. Watson, D. Wark (2006) Ti Diffusion in Quartz.  Chemical Geology (in press).

X.Y. Zhang, E.B. Watson and D.J. Cherniak (2007) Oxygen self-diffusion “fast paths’ in single crystals and a general method for deconvoluting self-diffusion profiles with “tails”.  Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 71, 1563-1573. click here for pdf reprint

P. Copeland, E.B. Watson, S. C. Urizar, D. Patterson, T.J. Lapen (2007) Alpha thermochronology of carbonates. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 71, 4488-4511. doi:10.1016/j.gca.2007.07.004.

D.J. Cherniak and E.B. Watson (2007) Ti diffusion in zircon. Chem. Geol. Chem. Geol. 242, 473-486. doi:10.1016/j.chemgeo.2007.05.005.

D.J. Cherniak, J.E. Manchester and E.B. Watson (2007) Zr and Hf diffusion in rutile. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 262, 267-279. doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2007.06.027.

L.A. Hayden and E.B. Watson (2007) A diffusion mechanism for core-mantle interaction.  Nature 450, 709-711. doi:10.1038/nature06380.

J.B. Thomas, D.J. Cherniak and E.B. Watson (2008) Lattice diffusion and solubility of argon in forsterite, enstatite, quartz and corundum.  Chem. Geol. 253, 1-22. doi: 10.1016/j.chemgeo.2008.03.007.

F.M. Richter, E.B. Watson, R. Mendybaev, F.-Z. Teng and P. Janney (2008) Magnesium isotope fractionation in silicate melts by chemical and thermal diffusion.  Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 72, 206-220. doi:10.1016/j.gca.2007.10.1016.

L.A. Hayden and E.B. Watson (2008) Grain boundary mobility of carbon in Earth’s mantle: A carbon flux from the core? Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. 105, 8537-8541.

E.B. Watson and T. Muller (2009) Non-equilibrium isotopic and elemental fractionation during diffusion-controlled crystal growth under static and dynamic conditions.  Chem. Geol. 267, 111-124,  doi:10.1016/j.chemgeo.2008.10.036.

E.B. Watson, D.J. Cherniak and E.A. Frank (2009) Retention of biosignatures and mass-independent fractionations in pyrite: self-diffusion of sulfur. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 73, 4792–4802, doi:10.1016/j/gca.2009.05.060.

D.J. Cherniak, E.B. Watson and J.B. Thomas (2009) Diffusion of helium in zircon and apatite.  Chemical Geology. doi:10.1016/j.chemgeo.2009.08.011.

F.M. Richter, E. B. Watson, R. Mendybaev, N. Dauphas, B. Georg, J. Watkins, and J.W. Valley (2009) Isotopic fractionation of the major elements of molten basalt by chemical and thermal diffusion. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 73, 4250-4263.

E.B.Watson, K.H. Wanser and K.A. Farley (2010) Anisotropic diffusion in a finite cylinder, with geochemical applications.  Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 74, 614-633. pdf reprint

P.L.Clay, E.F.Baxter, D.J Cherniak, S.P. Kelley, J.B. Thomas, E.B. Watson (2010) Two diffusion pathways in quartz: A combined UV-laser and RBS study. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta (under revision 6/10).

D.J. Cherniak and E.B. Watson (2010) Li diffusion in zircon.  Contrib. Mineral. Petrol. (in press) doi:10.1007/s00410-009-0483-5.

E.B. Watson and R. Dohmen (2010) Non-traditional and emerging methods for diffusion measurements.  In: Diffusion in Minerals and Melts (Y. Zhang and D. Cherniak, Eds.) Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry, Mineralogical Society of America. DOI: 10.2138/rmg.2010.72.3.

T. Mueller, E.B. Watson, T.M. Harrison (2010) Applications of diffusion data to high-temperature Earth systems. In: Diffusion in Minerals and Melts (Y. Zhang and D. Cherniak, Eds.) Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry, Mineralogical Society of America.  DOI: 10.2138/rmg.2010.72.3.

K.A. Farley, D.L. Shuster, E.B. Watson, K.H. Wanser, G. Balco (2010) Numerical investigations of apatite 4He/3He thermochronometry. G3, Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems 11, art. no. Q10001.

T. Mueller, D.J. Cherniak, E.B. Watson (2012) Interdiffusion of divalent cations in carbonates:  Experimental measurements and implications for timescales of equilibration or retention of compositional signatures.  Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta (in press).

D.J. Cherniak, E.B. Watson (2012) Diffusion of helium in olivine at 1 atmosphere and 2.7 GPa.  Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 84, 269-279.

R. Chopra, F.M. Richter, E.B. Watson (2012) Isotope fraction by chemical diffusion in natural settings and in laboratory analogs.  Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 88, 1-18.

E.B. Watson, D.J. Cherniak (2013) Simple equations for diffusion in response to heating. Chem. Geol. 335, 93-104.

K.E. Young, M.C. van Soest, K.V. Hodges, E.B. Watson, B.A. Adams, P. Lee (2013) Impact thermochronology and the age of Haughton impact structure, Canada.  Geophysical Research Letters 40, 1–5, doi:10.1002/grl.50745.

F.M. Richter, E.B. Watson, M. Chaussidon, R. Mendybaev, D. Ruscitto (2014) Lithium isotope fractionation by diffusion in minerals. Part 1: Pyroxenes Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 126, 352–370.

T. Müller, E.B. Watson, D. Trail, M. Wiedenbeck, J.A. Van Orman, E. Hauri (2014) Diffusive fractionation of carbon isotopes in g-Fe: experiments, models and implications for early solar system processes.  Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 127, 57-66.

N.A. Lanzillo, E.B. Watson, J.B. Thomas, S.K. Nayak and A. Curioni (2014) Near-surface controls on the composition of growing crystals: Car-Parrinello molecular dynamics (CPMD) simulations of Ti energetics and diffusion in alpha quartz. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta (in press, January 2014).

D.J. Cherniak, J.B. Thomas, E.B. Watson (2014) Neon diffusion in olivine and quartz. Chemical Geology (in revision, February 2014).

J.B. Thomas, E.B. Watson (2014) Grain-boundary diffusion of Mg and Fe in dry quartzites. Am. Mineral. (in revision, February 2014).

D. J. Gombosi, S. L. Baldwin, E. B. Watson, T. D. Swindle, J. W. Delano, W. G. Roberge (2014) Argon diffusion in Apollo 16 impact glass spherules: Implications for 40Ar/39Ar dating of lunar impact events. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta (submitted, September 2013).

 

accessory minerals

E.B. Watson (1979) Zircon saturation in felsic liquids: experimental data and applications to trace element geochemistry. Contrib. Mineral. Petrol. 70, 407-419.

E.B. Watson (1979) Apatite saturation in basic to intermediate magmas. Geophys. Res. Lett. 6, 937-940.

E.B. Watson (1980) Some experimentally-determined zircon/liquid partition coefficients for the rare earth elements. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 44, 895-897.

E.B. Watson (1980) Apatite and phosphorus in mantle source regions: an experimental study of apatite/melt equilibria at pressures to 25 kbar. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 51, 322-335.

E.B. Watson and C.J. Capobianco (1981) Phosphorus and the rare earth elements in felsic magmas: an assessment of the role of apatite. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 45, 2349-2358.

E.B. Watson and T.H. Green (1981) Apatite/liquid partition coefficients for the rare earth elements and strontium. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 56, 405-421.

T.H. Green and E.B. Watson (1982) Crystallization of apatite in natural magmas under high-pressure, hydrous conditions, with particular reference to 'orogenic' rock series. Contrib. Mineral. Petrol. 79, 96-105.

E.B. Watson and T.M. Harrison (1983) Zircon saturation revisited: temperature and composition effects in a variety of crustal magma types. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett 64, 295-304.

T.M. Harrison and E.B. Watson (1983) Kinetics of zircon dissolution and zirconium diffusion in granitic melts of variable water content. Contrib. Mineral. Petrol. 84, 67-72.

E.B. Watson and T.M. Harrison (1984) Accessory minerals and the geochemical evolution of crustal magmatic systems: a summary and prospectus of experimental approaches. Phys. Earth Planet. Int. 35, 19-30.

E.B. Watson and T.M. Harrison (1984) What can accessory minerals tell us about felsic magma evolution?: A framework for experimental study. Proc. 27th International Geol. Congress 11, 503-520.

T.M. Harrison and E.B. Watson (1984) The behavior of apatite during crustal anatexis: Equilibrium and kinetic considerations. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 48, 1467-1477.

E.B. Watson, T.M. Harrison and F.J. Ryerson (1985) Diffusion of Sm, Sr and Pb in fluorapatite. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 49, 1813-1823.

R.P. Rapp and E.B. Watson (1986) Monazite solubility and dissolution kinetics: Implications for the thorium and light rare earth chemistry of felsic magmas. Contrib. Mineral. Petrol. 94, 304-316.

F.J. Ryerson and E.B. Watson (1987) Rutile saturation in magmas: implications for Ti-Nb-Ta depletion in orogenic rock series. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 86, 225.

E.B. Watson, E.P. Vicenzi and R.P. Rapp (1989) Inclusion/host relations involving accessory minerals in high-grade metamorphic and anatectic rocks. Contrib. Mineral. Petrol. 101, 220-231.

J.C. Ayers and E.B. Watson (1991) Solubility of apatite, monazite, zircon and rutile in supercritical aqueous fluids, with implications for subduction-zone geochemistry. Phil Trans. Roy. Soc. Lond. A 335, 365-375.

J.C. Ayers and E.B. Watson (1993) Rutile solubility in supercritical aqueous fluids and the high P-T mobility of elements it concentrates. Contrib. Mineral. Petrol. 114, 321-330.

J.C. Ayers and E.B. Watson (1993) Apatite/fluid partitioning of rare earth elements and strontium. Chem. Geol. 110, 299-314.

E.B. Watson and Y. Liang (1995) A simple model for sector zoning in slowly-grown crystals: Implications for growth rate and lattice diffusion, with emphasis on accessory minerals in crustal rocks. Am. Mineral. 80, 1170-1187.

E.B. Watson (1996) Dissolution, growth and survival of zircons during crustal fusion: Kinetic principles, geologic models and implications for isotopic inheritance. Proc. Roy. Soc. Edinburgh 87, 43-56.

D.J. Cherniak, J.M. Hanchar and E.B. Watson (1996) Rare earth diffusion in zircon. Chem. Geol. 136, 289-301.

D.J. Cherniak, J.M. Hanchar and E.B. Watson (1997) Diffusion of tetravalent cations in zircon. Contrib. Mineral. Petrol. 127, 383-390.

E.B. Watson and D.J. Cherniak (1997) Oxygen diffusion in zircon. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 148, 527-544.

E.B. Watson, D.J. Cherniak, J.M. Hanchar, T.M. Harrison and D.A. Wark (1997) The incorporation of Pb into zircon. Chem. Geol. 141, 19-31.

D.K. Moore, D.J. Cherniak and E.B. Watson (1998) Oxygen diffusion in rutile from 750 to 1000° C and 0.1 to 1000 MPa. Am. Mineral. 83, 700-711.

D.J. Cherniak and E.B. Watson (2001) Pb diffusion in zircon. Chem. Geol. 172, 5-24.

J.M. Hanchar, R.J. Finch, P.W.O. Hoskin, E.B. Watson, D.J. Cherniak and A.N. Mariano, A.N. (2001) Rare earth elements in synthetic zircon: Part 1. Synthesis, and rare earth element and phosphorus doping. Am. Mineral. 86, 667-680.

J.M. Hanchar and E.B. Watson (2003) Zircon Saturation Thermometry, In: Zircon, ch. 4, pp. 89-112 (Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry, vol. 53, J.M. Hanchar and P.W.O. Hoskin, Eds.), Mineralogical Society of America, Washington D.C.

D.J Cherniak and E.B. Watson (2003) Diffusion in Zircon, In: Zircon, ch. 5, pp. 113-143 (Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry, vol. 53, J.M. Hanchar and P.W.O. Hoskin, Eds.), Mineralogical Society of America, Washington D.C.

D.J. Cherniak, E.B. Watson, M. Grove and T.M. Harrison (2004) Pb diffusion in monazite: a combined RBS/SIMS study. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 68, 829-840.

D.J. Cherniak, X.Y. Zhang, M. Nakamura and E.B. Watson (2004) Oxygen diffusion in monazite.  Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 226, 161-174.

E.B. Watson and T.M. Harrison (2005) Zircon thermometer reveals minimum melting conditions on earliest Earth. Science 308  click here for pdf reprint

E.B. Watson and T.M. Harrison (2006) Response to comments on “Zircon thermometer reveals minimum melting conditions on earliest Earth”. Science 311, 779.

E.B. Watson, D.A. Wark, J.B. Thomas (2006) Crystallization thermometers for zircon and rutile. Contrib. Mineral. Petrol. 151, 413-433.  click here for pdf reprint

D.A. Wark and E.B. Watson (2006) TitaniQ: a titanium-in-quartz geothermometer. Contrib. Mineral. Petrol. 152, 743-754, doi: 10.1007/s00410-006-0132-308 1. reprint

F.S. Spear, D.A. Wark, J.T. Cheney, J. Schumacher, E.B. Watson (2006) Zr-in-rutile thermometry of blueschists from Sifnos, Greece.  Contrib. Mineral. Petrol. 152, 375-385.

X.Y. Zhang, D.J. Cherniak and E.B. Watson (2006) Oxygen diffusion in titanite: lattice diffusion and fast-path diffusion in single crystals.  Chem. Geol. 235, 105-123.

D.Trail, S.J. Mojzsis, T.M. Harrison, A.K. Schmitt, E.B. Watson and E.D. Young (2007) Constraints on Hadean protoliths from oxygen isotopes, Ti thermometry and rare earth elements. G3, Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems 8: Art. No. Q06014.

J.M. Ferry and E.B. Watson (2007) New thermodynamic models and revised calibrations for the Ti-in-zircon and Zr-in-rutile thermometers. Contrib. Mineral. Petrol. 154, 429-437.  doi: 10.1007/s00410-007-0201-0.

X.Y. Zhang, E.B. Watson and D.J. Cherniak (2007) Oxygen self-diffusion “fast paths’ in single crystals and a general method for deconvoluting self-diffusion profiles with “tails”.  Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta  71, 1563-1573.

T. M. Harrison, E.B. Watson and A.K. Aikman (2007) Temperature spectra of zircon crystallization in plutonic rocks.  Geology 35, 635-638. doi: 10.1130/G23505A.1.

L.A. Hayden and E.B. Watson (2007) Rutile saturation in hydrous siliceous melts and its bearing on Ti-thermometry of quartz and zircon.  Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 258, 561-568.

D.J. Cherniak and E.B. Watson (2007) Ti diffusion in zircon. Chem. Geol. Chem. Geol. 242, 473-486. doi:10.1016/j.chemgeo.2007.05.005.

D.J. Cherniak, J.E. Manchester and E.B. Watson (2007) Zr and Hf diffusion in rutile. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 262, 267-279. doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2007.06.027.

L.A. Hayden, E.B. Watson and D.A. Wark (2007) A thermobarometer for sphene (titanite).  Contrib. Mineral. Petrol. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00410-007-0256-y.

A. E. Hofmann, J.W. Valley, E.B Watson, A.J. Cavosie and J.M. Eiler (2008) Sub-micron-scale distributions of trace elements in zircon. Contrib. Mineral. Petrol. 158, 317-335.

D.J. Cherniak, E.B. Watson and J.B. Thomas (2009) Diffusion of helium in zircon and apatite.  Chemical Geology, doi:10.1016/j.chemgeo.2009.08.011.

D.J. Cherniak and E.B. Watson (2009) Li diffusion in zircon.  Contrib. Mineral. Petrol. (in press) doi:10.1007/s00410-009-0483-5.

D. Trail, J.B. Thomas, E.B. Watson (2010) The incorporation of hydroxyl into zircon.  Am. Mineral. 96, 60-70.

D.J. Cherniak and E.B. Watson (2011) Helium diffusion in rutile and titanite, and consideration of the origin and implications of diffusional anisotropy. Chem. Geol. 288, 149-161.

D. Trail, E.B. Watson, N.D. Tailby (2011) The oxidation state of Hadean magmas and implications for early Earth’s atmosphere.  Nature 480, 79-82. doi:10.1038/nature10655.

M. Kogawa, E.B. Watson, R.C. Ewing, S. Utsunomiya (2012) Pb in zircon at the atomic scale. Am. Mineral. 97, 1094-1102.

D. Trail, E.B. Watson, N.D. Tailby (2012) Ce and Eu anomalies in zircon as proxies for the oxidation state of magmas. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 97, 70-87.

D. Trail, E.B. Watson, N.D. Tailby (2013) Insights into the Hadean Earth from zircon experimental studies.  Journal of the Geological Society of India 81, 605-636.

D.J. Cherniak, E.B. Watson (2013) Diffusion of helium in natural monazite, and preliminary results on He diffusion in synthetic light rare earth phosphates.  Am. Mineral. (in revision, March 2013).

P. Boehnke, E.B. Watson, D. Trail, T.M. Harrison, A.K. Schmitt (2013) Zircon saturation re-revisited. Chem. Geol. 351, 324-334

L. Xing, D. Trail, E.B. Watson (2013) Th and U partitioning between monazite and felsic melt. Chem. Geol. 358, 46-53.

D. Trail, N.D. Tailby, M. Newville, J.B. Thomas, E.B. Watson (2014) Redox evolution of silicic magmas: insights from XANES measurements of Ce valence of Bishop Tuff zircons. Chemical Geology (submitted September, 2013).

 

microstructure & properties of rocks containing fluid or melt

E.B. Watson (1982) Melt infiltration and magma evolution. Geology 10, 236-240.

S.R. Jurewicz and E.B. Watson (1984) Melt coalescence in a felsic system: The importance of surface energy. Contrib. Mineral. Petrol. 85, 25-29.

S.R. Jurewicz and E.B. Watson (1985) The distribution of partial melt in a granitic system: The application of liquid-phase sintering theory. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 49, 1109-1122.

E.B. Watson and J.M. Brenan (1987) Fluids in the lithosphere. 1. Experimentally-determined wetting characteristics of CO2-H2O fluids and their implications for fluid transport, host-rock physical properties, and fluid inclusion formation, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 85, 497-515.

J.M. Brenan and E.B. Watson (1988) Fluids in the lithosphere, part 2: Experimental constraints on CO2 transport in dunite and quartzite at elevated P-T conditions with implications for mantle and crustal decarbonation processes. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 91, 141-158.

E.B. Watson, J.M. Brenan and D.R. Baker (1990) Distribution of fluids in the continental mantle. In Continental Mantle, M.A. Menzies, Ed., pp. 111-125, Clarendon Press, Oxford.

D. Laporte and E.B. Watson (1991) Direct observation of near-equilibrium pore geometry in synthetic crustal lithologies. J. Geol. 99, 873-878.

E.B. Watson and A. Lupulescu (1993) Aqueous fluid connectivity and chemical transport in clinopyroxene-rich rocks. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 117, 279-294.

D. Laporte and E.B. Watson (1995) Experimental and theoretical constraints on melt distribution in crustal sources: The effect of crystalline anisotropy on melt interconnectivity. Chem. Geol. 124, 161-184.

W.G. Minarik and E.B. Watson (1995) Interconnectivity of carbonate melt at low melt fraction. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 133, 423-437.

W.G. Minarik, F.J. Ryerson, E.B. Watson (1996) Textural entrapment of core-forming melts. Science 272, 530-533.

D.A. Wark and E.B. Watson (1998) Grain-scale permeabilities of texturally-equilibrated monomineralic rocks. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 164, 591-605.

A. Lupulescu and E.B. Watson (1999) Low-melt fraction connectivity of granitic and tonalitic melts in a mafic crustal rock at 800° C and 1 GPa. Contrib. Mineral. Petrol. 134, 202-216

A. Lupulescu and E.B. Watson (2000) Melt segregation, part B: Minimum energy melt fraction (MEMF)¾ implications for layered migmatite formation. Contrib. Mineral. Petrol. (in review)

E.B. Watson (1999) Lithologic partitioning of fluids and melts. Am. Mineral. 84, 1693-1710.

D.A. Wark and E.B. Watson (2000) Effect of grain size on the distribution and transport of deep-seated fluids and melts.  Geophys. Res. Lett. 27 (14), 2029-2032.

Y. Liang, J.D. Price, D.A. Wark and E.B. Watson (2001) Nonlinear pressure diffusion in a porous medium: Approximate solutions with applications to permeability measurements using the transient pulse-decay method. J. Geophys. Res. 106, 529-536.

M. Nakamura and E.B. Watson (2001) Experimental study of aqueous fluid infiltration into quartzite: Implications for the kinetics of fluid re-distribution and grain growth driven by interfacial energy reduction. Geofluids 1, 73-89.

D.A. Wark and E.B. Watson (2002) Grain-scale channelization of pores due to gradients in temperature or fluid composition: Implications for transport of deep-seated fluids and melts. J. Geophys. Res. 107(B2), 10.1029/2001JB000365.

D.A. Wark, C. Williams, E.B. Watson and J.D. Price (2003) Reassessment of pore shapes in microstructurally equilibrated rocks, with implications for permeability of the upper mantle. J. Geophys. Res. 108(B1), 10.1029/2001JB001575.

T. Yoshino and E.B. Watson (2005) Growth kinetics of FeS melt in partially molten peridotite: An analog for core-forming processes.  Earth Planet. Sci. Lett 235, 453-468..

T. Yoshino, Y. Takei, D.A. Wark and E.B. Watson (2005) Grain boundary wetness of texturally equilibrated rocks, with implications for seismic properties of the upper mantle. J. Geophys. Res. 110, B08205, doi:10.1029/2004JB003544.

M. Nakamura, H. Yurimoto and E.B. Watson (2005) Grain growth control of isotope exchange between rocks and fluids. Geology 33, 829-832. click here for pdf reprint

Price, J.D., D.A. Wark D.A., E.B. Watson and A.M. Smith (2006) Grain-scale permeabilities of faceted polycrystalline aggregates.  Geofluids  6, 302-318.

T. Yoshino, J.D. Price, D.A. Wark, E.B. Watson (2006) Effect of faceting on pore geometry in texturally equilibrated rocks: implications for low permeability at low porosity.  Contrib. Mineral. Petrol. 152, 169–186; doi 10.1007/s00410-006-0099-y.

 

 

miscellaneous

E.B. Watson (1976) Glass inclusions as samples of early magmatic liquid: determinative method and application to a South Atlantic basalt. J. Volcanol. Geotherm. Res. 1, 73-84.

J.S. Dickey, F.A. Frey, S.R. Hart, E.B. Watson and G. Thompson (1977) Geochemistry and petrology of dredged basalts from the Bouvet triple junction. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 41, 1105-1118.

M. Takata, M. Tomozawa and E.B. Watson (1980) Electrical conductivity of Na2O-3SiO2 glasses with high water content. J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 63(11-12), 710-712.

M. Takata, J. Acocella, M. Tomozawa and E.B. Watson (1982) Effect of water content on the electrical conductivity of Na2O-3SiO2 glass. J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 65, 182-183.

M.A. Sneeringer and E.B. Watson (1985) Milk cartons and ash cans: Two unconventional welding techniques for noble metal containers. Am. Mineral. 70, 200-201.

C.F. Miller, E.B. Watson and T.M. Harrison (1988) Perspectives on the source, segregation and transport of granitic magmas. Trans. Roy. Soc. Edinburgh 79, 135-156.

D. Walker, S. Jurewicz and E.B. Watson (1988) Adcumulus dunite growth in a laboratory thermal gradient. Contrib. Mineral. Petrol. 99, 306-319.

R.P. Rapp, E.B. Watson and C.F. Miller (1991) Partial melting of amphibolite/eclogite and the origin of Archean trondhjemites and tonalites. Precambrian Research 51, 1-25.

J.C. Ayers, J.M. Brenan, E.B. Watson, D.A. Wark and W.G. Minarik (1992) A new capsule technique for hydrothermal experiments using the piston-cylinder apparatus, Am. Mineral. 77, 1080-1086.

R.P. Rapp and E.B. Watson (1995) Dehydration melting of metabasalt at 8-32 kbar: Implications for continental growth and crust-mantle recycling. J. Petrol. 36, 891-931.

E.B. Watson, D.A. Wark,  J.D. Price and J.A Van Orman (2002) Mapping the thermal structure of solid-media pressure assemblies.  Contrib. Mineral. Petrol. 142, 640-652.

W. van Westrenen, J.A. Van Orman, H.C. Watson, Y. Fei and E.B. Watson (2003) Assessment of temperature gradients in multi-anvil assemblies using spinel layer growth kinetics.  Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems 4, 1029/2002GC000474.

R.I. Gabitov,  J.D. Price, and E.B. Watson (2005) Diffusion of Ca and F in haplogranitic melt from dissolving fluorite crystals at 900,1000ºC and 100 MPa, G3, Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems 6, Q03007, doi:10.1029/2004GC000870.

D.A. Wark and E.B. Watson (2006) TitaniQ: a titanium-in-quartz geothermometer. Contrib. Mineral. Petrol. 152, 743-754, doi: 10.1007/s00410-006-0132-308 1.

D.A. Wark, W. Hildreth, F.S. Spear, D.J. Cherniak and E.B. Watson (2007) Pre-eruption recharge of the Bishop magma system.  Geology 35, 235-238; doi:10.1130/ G23316A.1. pdf reprint

J.B Thomas, E.B. Watson, F.S. Spear, P.T. Shemella, S.K. Nayak and A. Lanzirotti (2009) TitaniQ under pressure: the effect of pressure and temperature on Ti-in-quartz solubility.  Contrib. Mineral. Petrol. (in press).

P.E. Janney, F.M. Richter, R.A. Mendybaev, M. Wadhwa, R.B. Georg, E. B. Watson, R.R. Hines (2011) Matrix effects in the analysis of Mg and Si isotope ratios in natural andsynthetic glasses by laser ablation-multicollector ICPMS: A comparison of single- and double-focusing mass spectrometers. Chem. Geol. 281, 26-40.

C.-Y. Li, J.D. Price, M. Tomozawa, E. B. Watson (2011) Hydrogen formation observed during high pressure treatment of silica glass. J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357, 2081-2085.

R.I. Gabitov, M. Rosner, A.K. Schmitt, K.D. McKeegan, G.A. Gaetani, A.L. Cohen, E.B. Watson, T.M. Harrison (2011) In situ 7Li/6Li, Li/Ca, and Mg/Ca analyses of synthetic aragonites. G3, Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems 12, art. no. Q03001. DOI: 10.1029.2010GC003322.

 

editorials                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 

E.B. Watson (2006) Advising future scientists. Elements 2, 259-260.

E.B. Watson (2006) Geoscience essentials of radioactive waste management. Elements 2, 324-325. 

E.B. Watson (2007) Risking the future of geoscience. Elements 3, 227-228.

E.B. Watson (2007) Geoscience curricula for the 21st century.  Elements 3, 371-372.

E.B. Watson (2008) Scientific frontiers and risky versus safe science.  Elements 4, 147-148.

E.B. Watson (2008) Quiet revolution in the geochemical sciences.  Elements 4, 219-220.

E.B. Watson (2009) The economy and the Moon.  Elements 5, 3-4.