NameLothar (Clotaire) II King of Franks
BirthMay 584, France
Death18 Oct 629, Paris, France
BurialSt Germain-des-Pres
MotherFredegonda (543-597)
Misc. Notes
An infant when his father, Chilperic I, was assassinated in 584, he was assured the succession by the power of his mother, Fredegund, and by the protection of his uncle, Guntram, king of Burgundy. Fighting off an attack by his cousin Childebert II of Austrasia-Burgundy in 592, Chlotar himself seized territory from Childebert's young successors, Theodebert II and Theodoric II, in 596 but lost much of his realm to them in 599 or 600. In 613, however, when both were dead, Austrasian hostility toward Brunhild, great-grandmother of Theodoric's young son, Sigebert II, allowed Chlotar to seize both Austrasia and Burgundy and thus to reunite the Frankish lands. He killed both Sigebert and Brunhild.

Chlotar enjoyed a high reputation among churchmen, relations with whom were regulated in a wide-ranging edict issued at the Council of Paris in October 614 and intended to settle the problems arising from the long years of turmoil. Apart from some trouble in Burgundy, the years after 613 were in fact peaceful. Chlotar did not unify the administration, however; he maintained separate mayors of the palace for the three districts over which he ruled, and in 623 he established his son, Dagobert I, as king of Austrasia.

He succeeded (584) his father as king of Neustria, but his mother ruled for him until her death (597). In 613, after the death of his cousin Theodoric II, king of Austrasia, he was called in by Austrasian nobles to assume rule. He thus became king of all the Franks. He put Brunhilda to death, restored peace with the help of the nobility, and was compelled to grant (614) a charter giving far-reaching privileges to nobles and clergy. He was also forced to agree that each of the component parts of the Frankish lands, Austrasia, Neustria, and Burgundy, was to have its own mayor of the palace; the mayors of the palace were the chief royal administrators. In 623 he sent his son Dagobert I to be king of Austrasia. Dagobert later succeeded to all the Frankish lands.

Clothaire II was King of the Franks, 617-629; he was King of Soissons, 584-613. He signed the "Perpetual Constitution" in 614/615, an early "Magna Charta." Lindemans gives the mother of his son Charibert II as Sichilda (second wife).

In 613, a conspiracy of Burgundian noblemen led by Saint Arnulf and Pepin the Elder overthrew Brunhild and her grandson Theoderic II and presented a unified Frankish throne to Lothar II. He split his own united kingdom, giving the eastern half Austrasia to his son Dagobert, and keeping the western part Neustria (his original half) for himself, and later delegating it on to his son Charibert.
Spouses
Birthabt 585, Soissons, Aisne, France
Death604
ChildrenDagobert I (602-639)
Birthabt 590, Neustria, France
Death620
BurialSt Germain, Prez, Ardennes, France
ChildrenCharibert II (608-631)
ChildrenOda (~625-~723)
Last Modified 27 May 2001Created 4 Sep 2012 using Reunion for Macintosh