comics research bibliography: Women and Comics

Based on the comics research bibliography, copyright 2002 by John Bullough and Michael Rhode.


[Unknown.] 1994.
Penthouse comic book refused entry into Canada.
Media Report to Women 22(3; Summer):2.

[Unknown.] 1994.
Private time [women and cartoons].
Glamour 92(2; Feb):86.

Abella, Olga. 1991.
Women and Men in Tales of Terror: Exaggerated Stereotypes.
Popular Culture Conference.

Abella, Olga. 1992.
Comic books: Women, abuse and pornography.
Visiting Lecture Series, Long Island University--Southampton Campus.

Abella, Olga. 1994.
The stereotyping of women and men in comics.
Women's Studies Council Colloquium, Eastern Illinois University.

Abella, Olga. 1997.
Catwoman versus Hothead Paisan: Heroes in a Man's World.
Popular Culture Conference.

Allass, Marcia. 2000.
How The Tarts Discovered Comics [women readers].
Sequential Tart 3 (9; September): http://www.sequentialtart.com/

Alley, Patricia Williams. 1991.
Hokinson and Hollander: Female cartoonists and American culture.
In Women's Comic Visions (Sochen, J., ed.).
Detroit, MI: Wayne State University Press.

Aoyama, Tomoko. 1988.
Male homosexuality as treated by Japanese women writers.
Japanese Trajectory: Modernization and Beyond (G. McCormack).

Astor, David. 1993.
More women execs at major syndicates.
Editor and Publisher (May 1): 36-38

Astor, David. 1994.
'Wit' feature has a female perspective: Signe Wilkinson and Nicole Hollander are among the artists contributing to the thrice-weekly 'WitWomen'.
Editor and Publisher (March 12): 42

Astor, David. 1995.
'Doonesbury' man discusses his strip; 'For Better of For Worse' creator and an expert on women cartoonists [Trina Robbins] also speak at Ohio State festival.
Editor and Publisher (September 30): 30-1

Atchinson, Lee. 1999.
Something More than T&A: The Estrogen Brigade [women in comics].
Sequential Tart 2(2; February): http://www.sequentialtart.com/feb99/estrogen.shtml

Barker, Molly. 1996.
Secret language [limited (60) edition comic book].
Women's Studio Workshop.

Bass, Holly. 1995.
"Artful Advocacy: Cartoons from the Woman Suffage Movement" [political cartoons exhibit announcement].
Washington City Paper (Sep 1).

Bolhafner, J. Stephen. 1994
No Kidding: Women Gypped in Comics [Trina Robbins Interview].
St. Louis Post-Dispatch (June 26): 4c

Brummett, P. 1995.
Dogs, women, cholera and other menaces in the streets: Cartoon satire in the Ottoman revolutionary press, 1908-1911.
International Journal of Middle East Studies 27(4):433.

Bunker, Gary L. 1992
"Antebellum Caricature and Woman's Sphere"
Journal of Women's History vol.3 no.3, Winter pp.6-43

Busby, L. J. 1975.
Women and society: The mass media [women and comics].
Summer CDonference of the Speech Communication Association.

Bustos Jr., Roberto and Cris Edbauer. 2000.
Wonder women [letters on Fatal femmes: Why do women in comics become Women in Refrigerators? by Robert Wilonsky].
Dallas Observer (May 25).
online at http://www.dallasobserver.com/issues/2000-05-25/letters.html

Carstens-Wickham, Belinda. 1998
"Gender in Cartoons of German Unification"
Journal of Women's History vol.10 no.1, Spring pp.127-156

Cassin, Erin. 1997.
The Great Women Super Heroes [review of book by T. Robbins].
Library Journal 122(5; Mar 15):62.

Catchlove, Lucinda. 1995.
Beyond Betty: the World of Girl Comix in Montreal.
Hour Magazine 5 (11; January): 7.

Chang, Elizabeth. 1998.
Disney's character flaws [feminism and children].
Washington Post (October 4): F1, 4

Contino, Jennifer M. 2000.
Women and Comics.
Sequential Tart 3 (5; May): http://www.sequentialtart.com/

Corley, Sarah V. 1982.
Women in the Comics.
Studies in Popular Culture 5:61-71.

de Moraes, Lisa. 2000.
An Extremely Engaging Show for Millions of Women [South Park animated movie].
Washington Post (February 17): C7

DePuy, Laura. 1999.
How About Those Anti-Gravity Puppies: Jim Balent's Catwoman.
Sequential Tart 2 (10; November): http://www.sequentialtart.com/

DePuy, Laura. 2000.
Bizzare breasts: The Breast Files [satire on "good girl" art].
Sequential Tart 3 (6; June): http://www.sequentialtart.com/

DePuy, Laura. 2000.
Bizarre breasts: Dress Codes For Demon Warrior Women.
Sequential Tart 3 (5; May): http://www.sequentialtart.com/

DiFruscio, Vince. 1997.
Look before you leap [letter; feminist cartoon].
Chicago Reader (Aug 22).

Elber, Lynn. 2000.
Faith Hubley Gets TV Showcase [pioneer woman animator].
Associated Press (March 16)

Engle, Tim. 1997.
You've come a long way, Blondie [women in comics].
Kansas City Star (Feb 27).

Estigarribia, Diana. 2000.
Crafting a Comics Career [woman underground cartoonist Trina Robbins].
Shewire (January 31): http://shewire.chickclick.com/articles/2091.html

Farr, Moira. 1992.
Revenge Becomes Her [Comics and Women].
This Magazine 26(4; Oct):20.

Flage, Karon. 2000.
What Do I Look For in Comics: A Tart Roundtable [women readers].
Sequential Tart 3 (9; September): http://www.sequentialtart.com/

Flagg, Gordon. 1997.
The great women super heroes [review of book by T. Robbins].
Booklist 93(9-10; Jan 1/15):804.

Fujimoto, Yukari and Julianne Dvorak (trans). 1991.
A life-Size Mirror: Women's Self-Representation in Girl's Comics.
Review of Japanese Culture and Society (December 4): 53-57.

Fujimoto, Yukari. [date unknown.]
Watashi No Ibasho Wa Doko Ni Aru No [Where do I belong? The shape of the heart as reflected in girls' comics; in Japanese]?
Gakuyou Shobou.

Grauerholz, Elizabeth, Larry E. Williams and Robert E. Clark. 1982.
Women in comic strips: What's so funny?
Free Inquiry in Creative Sociology 10(1; May):108.

Gugliotta, Guy. 1996.
The Rodham Pictures; A Feminist Scholar Examines Clinton toons.
AAEC (Association of American Editorial Cartoonists) Notebook (Winter)

Hammond, Joyce D. 1991.
Gender inversion cartoons and feminism.
Journal of Popular Culture 24(4; Spring).

Hinds, Harold E; Tatum, Charles. 1984.
Images of women in Mexican comic books.
Journal of Popular Culture 18(Summer):146-62.

Ingall, Marjorie. 1994.
Supergirls [Female Cartoonists].
Sassy 7(Nov):68-9.

Ingall, Marjorie. 1997.
Paper movies [women in comics].
Ms. 7(6; May):40-47.

Isabella, Tony. 1998
Comics for and about girls: Tony is powered up
Comics Buyer's Guide (1296; September 18): 20

Ito, Kinko. 1994.
Images of women in weekly male comic magazines in Japan.
Journal of Popular Culture 27(Spring):81-95.

Kastor, Elizabeth. 1996.
Woman of Steel: Television's Warrior Xena is a Superheroine with Broad Appeal [Sarah Dyer of Action Girl].
Washington Post (Sep 21).

Katz, Montana, Veronica Vieland and Nicole Hollander (illus.). 1993.
Get Smart! What You Should Know (But Won't Learn in Class) About Sexual Harassment and Sex Discrimination, 2nd edition.
Feminist Press.

Kenny, Glenn. 1999.
"She's available for interviews.": Man's quest for the perfect woman gets down and digitized as cybermodels strut their stuff [computer animation].
Details (October): 164-169

Knapp, Mona. 1989.
Biggi - Was Madchen alles erleben: Das Madchen-Comic als moralische Anstalt [women in comics; in German].
Amsterdamer Beitrage zur Neuren Germanistik 29:201-232.

Koehl, Carla and Marc Peyser. 1995.
You thought Cat Woman [sic] was tough [women in comics].
Newsweek (Jun 5).

Kramer, Cheris. 1974.
Stereotypes of women's speech: The word from cartoons.
Journal of Popular Culture 8(3; Winter).

Kristof, Nicholas D. 1995.
In Japan, brutal comics for women.
New York Times (Nov 5):1.

Lameiras, Joao Miguel. 1996.
John Byrne: O Mr. Fix It [Superman; Wonder Woman; Next Men].
Nemo Fanzine (23; Sep).

Leyden, John. 1997.
When the lie detector first came to town [Wonder Woman creator William Moulton Marston; letter to the editor].
Washington Post (Jun 1):C10.

Lien, Barb. 1999.
Nowhere Woman: Deb Drechsler [interview].
Sequential Tart (October): http://www.sequentialtart.com/drechsler.shtml

Lien, Barb. 1999.
Action Girl: Sarah Dyer.
Sequential Tart 2(4; April): http://www.sequentialtart.com/apr99/dyer.shtml

Lien, Barb. 1999.
Electric Girl: Mike Brennan [interview].
Sequential Tart 2(5;May): http://www.sequentialtart.com/may99/brennan.shtml

Lien-Cooper, Barb. 2000.
What Do Women Want from Comics? A list of demands.
Sequential Tart 3 (9; September): http://www.sequentialtart.com/

Malcolm, Shawna. 1998.
Comic-book relief [casting Wonder Woman tv movie].
Entertainment Weekly (Jan 23):13.

Marston, W. M. 1944.
Why 100,000,000 Americans read comics [by creator of Wonder Woman].
American Scholar 13(Jan):35-44.

Marston, William Moulton. 1942, 1999.
Wm. Moulton Marston script for All-Star Comics number thirteen [Wonder Woman section].
Alter Ego 3 (1; Summer): Golden Age section 21-24

McConahey, Meg. 2000.
Comic strip chick; Tomales artist Kathryn LeMieux and five other women ha ve found a rare niche in a male-dominated field: Sharing one unique, nationa lly syndicated cartoon strip [Six Chix].
Santa Rosa Press Democrat (February 27)

McRobbie, Angela. 1981.
Just like a Jackie Story [British girls comics].
in McRobbie and T. McCabe (eds.) Feminism For Girls: An Adventure Story.
London: Routledge and Keegan Paul

McRobbie, Angela. 1991.
Feminism and Youth Culture: From Jackie to Just Seventeen [British girls comics].
Boston: Unwin Hyman

McTavish, Brian. 1995.
Contemporary comic superhero is a female wonder [Wonder Woman].
Albany Times Union (Jun 16):C1.

Meyers, Kate. 1995.
Little woman who runs with the wolves [Lisa Simpson comics].
Entertainment Weekly (Apr 28):58.

Midnight, Mikel with Wes Tumulka. 1999.
The Blue Mask and Bette Davis Eyes: The Women of The Spirit.
Sequential Tart 2(4; April): http://www.sequentialtart.com/apr99/redirect.shtml

Mitchel, Delores. 1981.
Women libeled: Women's cartoons of women.
Journal of Popular Culture 14(4; Spring).

Mitchell, Dolores. 1981.
Humor in California underground women's comix.
In Women's Culture: The Women's Renaissance of the Seventies (Kimball, G., ed.).
Metuchen: Scarecrow.

Miyadai, Shinji. [date unknown.].
Sabukaruchaa Shinwa Kaitai [Dismantling subculture myths; about Japanese girls' comics].

Mooney, Linda A. and Sarah Brabant. 1990.
The portrayal of boys and girls in six nationally-syndicated comic strips.
Sociology and Social Research 74(Jan):118-126.

Mooney, Linda A.; Brabant, Sarah. 1987.
Two martinis and a rested woman: "liberation" in the Sunday comics.
Sex Roles 17(Oct):409-20.

Moore, Scott. 1999.
Cartoon Network goes to the girls [Powerpuff Girls animated tv series].
Washington Post (January 17): TV Week 6

Murphy, B. Keith. 1993.
Revisionist Reality: Alpha Flight 106 and the Marvel Universe.
Women's Caucus, Central States Speech Communication Association Convention, Lexington, KY (April 18)

Murray, Doug. 1994.
A Woman's Power [short story].
in Michael Moorcock's Elric: Tales of the White Wolf (Edward E. Kramer, ed.).
White Wolf Publishing.

Musgrove, Mike. 1999.
Graphic novels [reviews of 'From Girls to Grrrlz' by Trina Robbins; 'My New York Diary' by Julie Doucet; "El Borbah' by Charles Burns; Rucka and Lieber's 'Whiteout'; Andre Juillard's 'After the Rain'].
Washington Post (August 29): Book World 13

Niven, Larry. 1971.
Man of Steel - Woman of Kleenex [satire on Superman].
New York: Ballantine

Nyberg, Amy Kiste. 1995.
Comic books and women readers: Trespassers in masculine territory?
In Gender in Popular Culture: Images of Men and Women in Literature, Visual Media and Material Culture (Bakerman, J. S., ed.).
Cleveland, OK: Ridgemont.

Orlean, Susan. 1998.
Girl power: Has Sabrina the Teenage Witch worked her magic on a generation [Archie comics tv show]?
New Yorker (May 18): 54-59.

Orr, Philip. 1994.
The Anoepidal Mythos of Batman and Catwoman.
Journal of Popular Culture 27(4; Spring).

Osborne, S.L. 1998.
Of Showgirls and Superheroes [Steve Gerber interview].
Sequential Tart 1 (1; September): http://www.sequentialtart.com/sept98/gerber.html

O'Sullivan, Michael. 1998.
'Mulan': You go girl [Disney animated movie]!
Washington Post (June 19): Weekend 47-9.

Paine, Albert Bigelow. 1997.
Thomas Nast: His period and his pictures [American Men and Women of Letters series].
Chelsea House.

Partch, Virgil [VIP]. 1951.
Wild, Wild Women.
Duell, Sloan and Pearce

Phipps, Keith. 2000.
The Powerpuff Girls: Creator and animator Craig McCracken talks about the cult hit [interview].
The Onion A.V. Club: http://avclub.theonion.com/avclub3623/bonusfeature1_3623.html

Planned Parenthood Federation of America. 1998.
Do 535 politicians know better than a woman and her doctor [ad with Baseman cartoon]?
Washington Post (July 22): A4.

Powell, Kirsten & Elizebeth C. Childs. 1990
Femmes d'esprit: Women in Daumier's Caricature [exhibition catalogue]
Christian A. Johnson Memorial Gallery, Vermont

Radford, Bill. 2000.
The Comic Fan: Family moving on opens wings to Batgirl.
Colorado Springs Gazette (January 30)

Read, Katy. 1992.
Today's comics refract image of real women.
Albany Times Union (Jan 1):E1.

Reid, Libby. 1989 You Don't Have To Pet To Be Popular ["A City Woman's Home Companion" comic strip reprints].
New York: Penguin

Renaud, L, M. Caron-Bouchard and G. Sacks-Silver. 1990.
Yes, I'm quitting: a scripto-visual [i.e. comic strips] tool on anti-smoking for functionally illiterate women. Problems and educational research [in French].
Hygie 9 (1; March): 16-21

Reuters. 1998.
U.S. army recruits Superman, Wonder Woman against mines
Reuters: (June 11).

Risko, Robert. 1999.
Oscar's Greenroom [caricature of women in the movies and their fashions].
New Yorker (March 22): 124

Robbins, Trina and Catherine Yronwode. 1985.
Women and the Comics.
Eclipse Books.

Robbins, Trina. 1993.
A century of women cartoonists.
Northampton, MA: Kitchen Sink.

Robbins, Trina. 1996.
The great women superheroes.
Kitchen Sink.

Robbins, Trina. 1999.
From girls to grrrlz.
Chronicle Books.

Robbins, Trina. 1999.
From Kewpies to Bad Girls and Beyond: A Look at the Changing Image of Women in Comics.
Popular Culture Association National Conference, San Diego, Mar 31 - Apr 3.

Robinson, Lillian S. 1989.
Looking for Wonder Woman.
Artforum (Summer):100-103.

Rodman, Larry. 1999.
Comics Herstory: From Girls to Grrrlz by Trina Robbins [review].
Comics Journal (218; December): 35-38

Rosenberg, Scott. 1995.
Tank Girl [review].
San Francisco Examiner (Mar 31).

Rosenberger, John and Dick Dillin. 1977.
The day time broke loose [4 pages intended for Wonder Woman #217; never completed by Rosenberger due to his death; compared with corresponding pages by Dillin].
Amazing World of DC Comics (15; Aug).

Salek, Rebecca. 2000.
Every Girl's Secret Dream: Amethyst Character Portrait.
Sequential Tart 3 (6; June): http://www.sequentialtart.com/

Salek, Rebecca. 2000.
A Classic Woman - Diana: The Wonder Woman Character Portrait.
Sequential Tart 3 (7; July): http://www.sequentialtart.com/

Salek, Rebecca. 2000.
A Supergirl By Any Other Name Is Still A Super Girl!
Sequential Tart 3 (5; May): http://www.sequentialtart.com/

Salek, Rebecca. 2000.
Magic Witch Girl E! Elizabeth Watasin [interview].
Sequential Tart 3 (8; August): http://www.sequentialtart.com/

Salek, Rebecca. 2000.
Mantle Of The Bat: Batgirl.
Sequential Tart 3 (3; March): http://www.sequentialtart.com/

Sangiacomo, Mike. 1998.
On comics [DC comics The Spectre, The Flash, and Wonder Woman].
Cleveland Plain Dealer (Jan 8).

Searleman, Eric. 2000.
Powerpuff Girls Jump into Comic Books [animation].
Arizona Republic (April 27)

Shapiro, Stephanie. 2000.
Drawing a line from life to paper; Art: Rachel Masilamani's cartoons give voice to those all-too-familiar uncertainties of women's lives [Xeric grant winner].
Baltimore Sun (June 14)

Shaskan, Kathy. 1998.
101 Perfectly Good Reasons to Hate Young Skinny Women [cartoon collection].
Morristown, NJ: MotherBee Productions

Sheridan, Alison. 1994.
Managers in cartoons: They are still men in the Harvard Business Review.
Women in Management Review 9(4):20.

Silvester, Christopher. 1998.
Celebrity's midwife: The lost work of Kate Carew [American woman caricaturist].
New Yorker (Feb 9):56-59.

Simonson, Louise. 1995.
The True Story of Wonder Woman [children's book].
Racine, WI: Golden Books.

Sokol, John. 2000.
Talking 'Bout The Next Generation [problems with introducing girl children to modern comic books].
Sequential Tart 3 (8; August): http://www.sequentialtart.com/

Solomon, Charles. 2000.
Drawing Their World: Gilbert and Jaime Hernandez have been hailed for the ir comics filled with rich portrayals of Latinos and women.
Los Angeles Times (January 19)

Solomon, Rivka Ketzel. 1998.
Scrambled Signals [feminism, Zap Comics & Wonder Woman)].
Bitch: Feminist Response to Pop Culture 3 (3, Winter): 24-29

Solomon, Rivka Ketzel. 1998.
Scrambled Signals [feminism, Zap Comics & Wonder Woman)].
Bitch: Feminist Response to Pop Culture 3 (3, Winter): 24-29

Spiegelman, Art. 1993.
Valentine's Day [Orthodox Jew kissing black woman].
New Yorker (February 15): cover

Stein, Beth. 2000.
Powerpuff Girls sweet, but sassy [animation review].
Nashville Tennessean (May 28)

Stephenson, Chad. 1999.
[Ariel Bordeaux] Deep Girl makes leap from minis.
Comics Journal (179; August): 22-23

Sullivan, Kevin. 1997.
The Wolf-Girl from Japan: 'Princess Monoke' Fans Fill the Movie Theaters [animation].
Washington Post (Sep 17):D1.

Sullivan, Mark W. 2000.
Mark Bennett: As Seen On TV - Art, Architecture, and a Woman Named Barbara [exhibit review, Batman tv show].
Washington City Paper (April 21): 86

Sullivan, R. Lee. 1996.
Batman in a bustier ["bad-girl" comics].
Forbes 157(7; Apr 8):37.

Sutel, Seth. 1999.
TBS Pulls Plug on Women's Network [while starting network for company's Hanna-Barbera animation library].
Associated Press (August 13)

Sutton, Terri. 1991.
Media kids: Terri Sutton on bad-girl cartoonists.
Artforum 30(Oct):23-4.

Taylor, Charles. 1995.
Comics [Tank Girl].
Boston Phoenix 24(13; Mar 31):7.

Taylor, J. R. 1995.
Tank Girl [review in Video: The Week].
Entertainment Weekly (Aug 11).

Thomas, Roy. 1999.
An All-Star Sensation: An examination of the first two Wonder Woman stories.
Alter Ego 3 (2; Autumn): Golden Age section 30-33

Thomas, Roy. 1999.
Two touches of Venus; Wonder Woman gets "Shanghaied into Space" - twice over!
Alter Ego 3 (1; Summer): Golden Age section 14-18

Thorn, Matthew Allen. [forthcoming.]
Girls and women getting out of hand: The pleasures and politics of Japan's amateur comics community.
In Fanning the Flames: Fans and Consumer Culture in Contemporary Japan (W. J. Kelly, ed.).

Thorn, Matthew Allen. [forthcoming.]
Unlikely Explorers: An Ethnography of the Community of Japanese Girls' and Women's Comic Books [Ph.D. dissertation].
New York: Columbia University.

Thorn, Matthew Allen. [forthcoming.]
What Japanese girls do with comics, and why.
In Hop on Pop: The Pleasures and Politics of Popular Culture (H. Jenkins, ed.).

Thorn, Matthew Allen. 1993.
Unlikely explorers: Sexual ambiguity in Japanese girls' comics.
New York Conference on Asian Studies, New Paltz, NY, Oct. 16.

Thorn, Matthew Allen. 1997.
Girls and women getting out of hand: The pleasures and politics of Japan's Amateur comics community.
American Anthropological Association Annual Meeting, Washington, DC, Nov. 22.

Thorn, Matthew Allen. 1997.
What Japanese girls do with comics, and why.
Japan Anthropology Workshop, University of Melbourne, Australia, July 10.

Tomer, Susan E. 1991.
Cartoon teen takes first step to womanhood [Luann].
Albany Times Union (May 3):C1.

Trinkaus, Janet. 1989.
'Cathy' provides relief for women.
Albany Times Union (Feb 10):C9.

Tyler, B. 1936.
News reel: Women cartoonists.
Pictorial Review 37(Jun):4.

Unknown. 1981.
Gene Colan leaves Marvel for DC, will pencil Batman, Wonder Woman and The Phantom Zone.
Comics Feature (11; August): 13-14

Unknown. 1996.
Lowery Glowers; Bites Britt. Washington Governor Accuses Cartoonist of Dating Woman Who Accused Him.
AAEC (Association of American Editorial Cartoonists) Notebook (Winter)

Unknown. 1998.
Rosen creates memorial to women war veterans.
AAEC (Association of American Editorial Cartoonists) Notebook (Fall)

Unknown. 1999.
Beatrice Colen, TV actress [obituary for Etta Candy in 'Wonder Woman'].
Washington Post (November 20): B7

Unknown. 2000.
Insider: [Wonder Woman].
TV Guide (April 15)

Unknown. 2000.
People poll: Q: Who is your favorite superhero and why? [Flash, Green Lantern, Wonder Woman and George Washington].
Generation Next (May)

Unknown. 1995.
'Hot Pink' comic is launched by Sisters [Anne Gibbons; women-oriented].
Editor and Publisher (January 21): 35

Unknown. 1995.
How many women are doing comics?
Editor and Publisher (January 28): 36

Unknown. 1995.
Man and woman do alternating cartoon [Wiley and Susan Dewar's 'Us & Them'].
Editor and Publisher (August 19): 34-5

Vogler, Thomas. 1998.
Tank Girl, Anodder Oddyssey: Joyce Lives (and Dies) in Popular Culture
Other Voices 1(2; September):
http://dept.english.upenn.edu/~ov/1.2/tvogler/tankgirl.html

Walker, Nancy A. 1998.
Talking back to the Culture: Contemporary women's comic art.
in New Directions in American Humor edited by David E. E. Sloane.
Univ of Alabama Press

Walowit, Karen. 1974.
Wonder Woman: Enigmatic Heroine of American Polular Culture [Ph.D. dissertation].
University of California-Berkeley.

Wax, Emily. 2000.
School beckoning, girls 'power' up: Superhero cartoon fuels demand for fashionable supplies [Powerpuff Girls animated tv show marketing].
Washington Post (August 20): C1, 4

Wein, Len. 2000.
[letter on Wonder Woman].
Alter Ego 3 (3; Winter): 3, 33

Wiener, Craig. 1997.
Wonder Woman's creator [letter].
Washington Post (May 9):A24.

Wilkinson, Endymion. 1973.
The People's Comic Book: Red Women's Detachment, Hot on the Trail and Other Chinese Comics [Introduction by Gino Nebiolo. Translation of I Fumettid di Mao].
Garden City, New York: Anchor Press.

Willis, Heather. 2000.
Fight the power [animated 'The Powerpuff Girls' music merchandising].
Pulse! (August): cover, 24-26

Wilonsky, Robert. 2000.
Fatal femmes; Why do women in comics become Women in Refrigerators?
Dallas Observer (May 18).
online at http://www.dallasobserver.com/issues/2000-05-18/stuff.html

Wilonsky, Robert. 2000.
Revenge of The Fanboy; Alex Ross, painter of supermen and superwomen, makes it easy to believe in heroes .
Dallas Observer (June 15).
online at http://www.dallasobserver.com/issues/2000-06-15/stuff.html

Wolper, Allan. 1994.
Are campuses losing their sense of humor?: Is the First Amendment taking a back seat to political correctness? Columbia University cartoonist's satire angers women [David Nayor].
Editor and Publisher (June 11): 16-18

Young, Thomas J. 1993.
Women as Comic Book Super-Heroes: The "Weaker-Sex" in the Marvel Universe.
Psychology 30(2):49.

Zeisler, Andi and Lisa Miya-Jervis. 1998.
Drawn from Memory [interview with Phoebe Gloeckner, discusses Crumb and autobiography].
Bitch: Feminist Response to Pop Culture 3 (3, Winter): 38-43, 62.

Zeisler, Andi and Lisa Miya-Jervis. 1998.
Drawn from Memory [interview with Phoebe Gloeckner, discusses Crumb and autobiography].
Bitch: Feminist Response to Pop Culture 3 (3, Winter): 38-43, 62.

Zobel, Allia and Nicole Hollander (illus.). 1995.
Women Who Love Cats Too Much.
Holbrook, MA: Adams Publishing.