Based on the comics research bibliography, copyright 2002 by John Bullough and Michael Rhode.
Baetens, Jan; Litherland, Caren. 1994.
Latent violence (Escher, Franc, Vaughn-James).
Yale French Studies (84):222-41.
Barker, Martin. 1990.
Action: The Story of a Violent Comic.
Blitt, Barry. 1999.
Coming Soon from Post-Violent Hollywood [cartoon].
Entertainment Weekly (July 30): 15
Caywood, Carolyn. 1994.
Seduction of the innocent [Wertham, comics and violence].
School Library Journal 40(7; Jul):48.
Cumberbatch, Guy. 1994.
Legislating mythology: Video violence and children [comics and violence].
Journal of Mental Health 3(4; Dec):485-494.
Day, RC and M Ghandour. 1984.
The effect of television-mediated aggression and real-life aggression on the behavior of Lebanese children [including animated violence].
Journal of Experimental Child Psychology 38 (1; Aug): 7-18
Doherty, Mike. 1998.
No nudity or violence, unless it's essential: In Canada, Bob and Margaret's creators struck a deal they could live with [animated tv show].
National Post (December 02)
Farhi, Paul. 2000.
Cartoons that aren't for kids: Harvard researchers recommend ratings warn parents of violent content [in animation].
Washington Post (May 24): C1, 20
Germain, David. 2000.
Study: G-Rated [animated] Films Are Violent.
Associated Press (May 24)
Harper, J., W. Schamel and B. Haverkamp. 1996.
'The Alternative of Williamsburg:' A British Cartoon on Colonial American Violence.
Social Education 60(4):231.
Hunter, Stephen. 1999.
The bland violence of 'Mononoke' [anime].
Washington Post (November 5): C5
Hunter, Stephen. 199?.
Brandon Lee's 'The Crow' is very good at being dark, loud, violent [movie].
Hutchinson, Bruce. 1969.
Comic strip violence, 1911-66.
Journalism Quarterly 46(2; Summer):358-361.
Lameiras, Joao Miguel. 1998.
Dragon Ball e a Violencia Televisiva [Dragon Ball and violence].
Lieberman, Joseph. 1993.
Parents should say 'enough' to video-game violence [comics violence].
Christian Science Monitor (Dec 24).
Lynch, Jay. 1999.
Smash Violence! [comic strip parodying censorship of the media; journalism].
Details (September): 202-203
Merida, Kevin and Richard Leiby. 1999.
When death imitates art: Before teenagers commit violence, they witness it in american culture [violence in comic books including Batman. Includes quote from Big Planet Comics owner Joel Pollack].
Washington Post (April 22): C01
Moynihan, Martin. 1990.
'Akira' long on violence.
Albany Times Union (Dec 25):C11.
Newman, Graeme. 1993.
Batman and justice: The true story [Batman and violence].
Humanity and Society 17(3; Aug):297-320.
Reibman, James E. 1999.
Fredric Wertham: A social psychiatrist characterizes crime comic books an d media violence as public health issues [censorship].
in Pulp Demons: International Dimensions of the Postwar Anti-Comics Campa ign edited by John A. Lent.
New Jersey: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press
Roberts, Paul Dale. 2000.
Interview with: Joshua D.M. Dysart & William O'Neill, Creators of Violent Messiahs.
Comic Book Net Electronic Magazine (279; August 25)
Scott, JE and SJ Cuvelier. 1987.
Violence in Playboy magazine: a longitudinal analysis [of cartoons 1954-1983].
Archives of Sexual Behavior 16 (4; Aug): 279-88
Shaw, Jessica. 1999.
Cartoon violence [Warner Bros. planned animated movies].
Entertainment Weekly (June 25/July 2): 103
Solomon, Charles. 1997.
Violent 'Spawn:' From comic book to TV [television adaptation].
Los Angeles Times (May 16).
Spiegelman, Art. 1999.
And now, on the big screen... [Star Wars and real world violence cartoon].
New Yorker (May 24): 81
Streitfeld, David. 1997.
Bedtime for Gonzo: Purged of violence, artist Ralph Steadman is the image of peace.
Washington Post (Dec 30):C1, C2.
Sullivan, Kevin. 1997.
Japan's cartoon violence: TV networks criticized after children's seizures [Pocket Monsters animation].
Washington Post (Dec 19): D1, D6.
Svetkey, Benjamin. 1999.
A special report on violence and entertainment [illustrated by Peter Kuper].
Entertainment Weekly (June 4): 44
Tan, A. S. and K. J. Scruggs. 1980.
Does exposure to comic book violence lead to aggression in children?
Journalism Quarterly 57(4):579-583.
Waxman, Sharon. 1999.
Click. Bang. It's Only a Game. Video Designers Shrug Off Blame for Teen Violence [videogames based on Heavy Metal: F.A.K.K.2 movie and Kiss: Psycho Cirus comic book].
Washington Post (May 27): C1-2
Webster, Bayard. 1981.
Fredric Wertham, 86, dies; foe of violent tv and comics.
New York Times (Dec 1).
Wertham, Frederic. 1954.
Seduction of the innocent [violence].
New York: Rinehart.
Wertham, Frederic. 1996.
The psychopathology of comic books: A symposium [violence in comics].
American Journal of Psychotherapy 50(4):417.
Whitehead, Paul C. 1970.
Violence and the Mass Media, edited by Otto N. Larsen [Book review].
Journal of Popular Culture 3(4; Spring).
Yokota, Fumie and Kimberly M. Thompson. 2000.
Violence in G-rated animated films.
Journal of the American Medical Association 283 (20; May 24/31): 2716-2720