comics research bibliography: Comics and Film

Based on the comics research bibliography, copyright 2002 by John Bullough and Michael Rhode.

[Edwards, Bob]. 1997.
[death of Snow White actress Adriana Caselotti from animated Disney film].
National Public Radio's Morning Edition (January 21)

[Langford, Terri]. 1999.
Kirk Alyn, Superman [obituary for movie actor].
Washington Post (March 17): B6

[Raphael, Jordan and John F. Ronan]. 1995.
Miscellaneous news: Lapham signs [film] deal; Dark Horse restructures; Massive comics-oriented work published [by Bill Blackbeard]; CD-ROM news: Marvel, CIE; Fantasy Shop Inc. raises money for AIDS organization; A.P.E. III dates set; Kurtzman exhibit planned; Comics Legends Legal Defense Fund moves; Bitchy Bitch does X-Mas [play]; Gallery news.
Comics Journal (182; November): 24-25

[Unknown.] 1947.
Books into films: Movies based on characters out of the funnies.
Publisher's Weekly 151(May 31):2718.

[Unknown.] 1958.
Guggenheim Foundation film receives awards.
Museum News 36(Oct 15):2.

[Unknown.] 1970.
[Captain America movie serial.]
Marvelmania (4).

[Unknown.] 1970.
[Charlie Brown movie review.]
Marvelmania (2).

[Unknown.] 1987.
The comics screen [TV and movie adaptations of comics].
Comics Scene Special (1):70-74.

[Unknown.] 1989.
Comics screen [TV and movie adaptations of comics].
Comics Scene (8):67-70.

[Unknown.] 1989.
The comics screen [TV and movie adaptations of comics].
Comics Scene (7):67-68.

[Unknown.] 1989.
Unpleasant dreams [Nightmare on Elm Street; comic adaptation of movies; Steve Gerber].
Comics Scene (8):7.

[Unknown.] 1992.
Drawing a Joker [Jack Nicholson gives movie props to Georgetown University].
Washington Post (Feb 8):D3.

[Unknown.] 1995.
Comic Strip [comic book/movie tie-ins].
Magazine & Bookseller 51(4; Jun):18.

[Unknown.] 1996.
Drawing power [movie adaptations of comics].
Entertainment Weekly (323; Apr 19):8.

[Unknown.] 1996.
The continuing adventures of... Serials! [movie action serials].
Kansas City Star (Sep 28).

[Unknown.] 1997.
Alexander Salkind dies at 76; co-produced 'Superman' films.
Washington Post (Mar 19):B4.

[Unknown.] 1997.
Films offer variety among the sequels [Hercules, Batman and Robin, Tetsuo II, Steel, Spawn and Men in Black movies].
Albany Times Union (May 8).

[Unknown.] 1997.
Jeep Swenson, actor and bodybuilder [obituary; Batman and Robin film].
Washington Post (Sep 1).

[Unknown.] 1997.
Spawn... Back from the dead and ready to party [movie]!
Generation Next (Jun).

[Unknown.] 1997.
The Caped Crusader has always been the hero, but now he's also a good guy [Batman and Robin movie].
Baltimore Sun (Jun 20).

Adams, Noah. 1994.
Snow White [Disney animated movie compared to original German story].
National Public Radio's All Things Considered (October 31)

Adams, Noah. 1995.
Batmobile FX ["Batman Forever" movie].
National Public Radio's All Things Considered (June 22)

Adams, Noah. 1996.
Dalmatians [dog breeding due to Disney animated movie].
National Public Radio's All Things Considered (November 21)

Adams, Noah. 1998.
Rugrats' Voices [animated movie].
National Public Radio's All Things Considered (November 24)

Addiego, Walter. 1996.
'The Phantom:' Just a ghost of his old self [movie].
San Francisco Exmainer (Jun 7).

Ahrens, Frank. 1999
Toying with Tarzan: Mattel secures doll's suggestive hand [animated movie merchandising]
Washington Post (June 19): C5

Aleiss, Angela. 1998.
An epic of inclusion: In making animated film on Moses, DreamWorks listened to Christians, Jews and Muslims [The Prince of Egypt].
Washington Post (April 25): B8.

Allass, Marcia. 2000.
Tart To Heart: Comic Book Movies.
Sequential Tart 3 (7; July):

Allstetter, Rob. 1996.
Entertainment: In the future, more movies, comic books will feature athletes.
Detroit News (Nov 19).

Anderson, Susan Heller. 1977.
It's a bird! It's a plane! It's a movie [Superman]!
New York Times (June 26)

Angeli, Mike. 1998.
Oh my God! They made a movie [South Park animators Matt Stone & Trey Parker].
Details (August): 116-121.

Ansen, David and Yahlin Chang. 2000.
Building a better dinosaur: The first movie to emerge from Disney's digital studio brings the prehistoric age to virtual life [Disney computer-animated movie].
Newsweek (May 15): 58-64

Ansen, David. 1999.
Take that! The creme de la crude [South Park animated movie].
Newsweek (July 5): 58

Arave, Lynn. 1997.
Get comic-book version of new Batman film June 6.
Deseret [UT] News (May 23).

Armanet, Francois, Ange-Dominique Bouzet and Oliver Seguret. 1999.
"Pas moins de 10 millions d'entr=E9es"; Le producteur, Claude Berri, pr=E9cise ses objectifs et revient sur le montage financier [Asterix movie, in French].
Liberation (February 3)

Armanet, Francois. 1999.
Grandes manouvres [Asterix movie, in French].
Liberation (February 3)

Armour, Robert A. 1987
Comic Strips, Theatre, and Early Narrative Films: 1895-1904
Studies in Popular Culture 10(1):14-26

Armour, Robert A. 1987.
Comic strips, theatre, and early narrative films: 1895-1904.
Studies in Popular Culture 10(1):14-26.

Arnold, Gary. 1978.
[?]d's super holiday: Will the ageless Man of Steel triumph at the box office [Superman movie]?
Washington Post (December 10): H1, 5

Arnold, Gary. 1981.
'Superman II': The plot weakens [movie review].
Washington Post (June 19): C1, 10

Arthur, Nicole. 1999.
'The Iron Giant': Heavy metal [Warner Bros. animated movie].
Washington Post (August 6): Weekend 44-45

Ascher-Walsh, Rebecca. 1995.
Val Kilmer [Batman Forever movie].
Enteratinment Weekly (Jun 30):24-28.

Associated Press. 1997.
Family rips Disney over media blitz [Disney's 'Hunchback of Notre Dame' movie].
Albany Times Union (Mar 11).

Atchison, Lee. 2000.
Comics to Film.
Sequential Tart 3 (1; January):

Atkinson, Michael. 1997.
Viking adventure [Vendela in Batman and Robin film].
Movieline (Jun):14.

Atkinson, Mike. 1995.
Delirious inventions - Why have comics and cartoons from Popeye onwards so often been translated into live action movies?
Sight and Sound 5(7):12.

Avasthi, Su. 1998.
Man of Rust [Cancelled Superman Movie].
New York Post (April 23)

Azerrad, Michael. 1997.
Heavy meddling [Spawn - The Album music review; soundtrack for film].
Rolling Stone (Aug 21):102.

Babington, Deepa. 2000.
As Pokemon movie opens, toy craze shows signs of fading in U.S. [anime].
Reuters (July 21)

Barnes, Clive. 1997.
'Lion King' Is Ext-Roar-Dinary [Play Based on Animated Movie].
New York Post (November 14)

Barol, Bill. 1989.
Batmania [Batman movie].
Newsweek (Jun 26).

Barrett, Michael. 1997.
Science Fiction Helps Us Tell the Good Aliens From the Bad [Men In Black movie].
Albany Times Union (Aug 4).

Bates, John K. 1994.
Tank Girl stomps Hollywood [film].
Wired (Dec):172-173.

Baumann, Marty. 1998.
Texas Terror: The Frightening Diversity of Pat Boyette [film producer turned comic book artist].
The Astounding B Monster (20):

Baumbach, Nico. 1999.
Inspector Gadget [movie based on animated tv series].
Village Voice (July 28).
online at

Bell, Elizabeth (ed.). 1995.
From Mouse to Mermaid: The Politics of Film, Gender, and Culture [in Disney animated movies].
Bloomington: Indiana UP

Bergen, Lara Rice. 1999.
Mystery Men [juvenile movie novelization using characters from comic book series].
New York: Dell

Berger, Arion. 1998.
Myth universe [Disney animated movie Mulan]
Washington City Paper (June 19): 39.

Berger, Arion. 1998.
New dogs, old tricks [Review of animated movie Quest for Camelot].
Washington City Paper (May 15): 40-1.

Berger, Arion. 1999.
Boy haunted [review of "The Iron Giant" animated movie].
Washington City Paper (August 6): 44-45

Berger, Arion. 1999.
Boy haunted ['The Iron Giant' Warner Bros. animated movie].
Washington City Paper (August 6): 44-45

Berger, Arion. 1999.
Won't you join us? [adaptation of Jay Ward's animation Dudley Do-Right as a live-action movie].
Washington City Paper (August 27): 40-41

Berger, Arion. 2000.
Why do the heathen rage [animated movie "The Road to El Dorado"].
Washington City Paper (March 31): 40

Berger, Arion. 2000.
Band of outsiders [X-Men movie review].
Washington City Paper (July 14): 38

Berger, Arion. 1997.
Dog days [Mr. Magoo movie; animation].
Washington City Paper (Dec 26):54-55.

Berger, Arion. 1997.
Don't touch it: It's evil [Spawn movie].
Washington City Paper (Aug 8):36.

Berger, Arion. 1997.
These go to 11: The Killer Condom [review of movie based on German comic].
Washington City Paper (Apr 25):22.

Berger, Arion. 1997.
Zero worship. [Hercules movie; animation].
Washington City Paper (Jun 27):36.

Berger, Arion. 1998.
Ants and industries [A Bug's Life' Disney computer animated movie].
Washington City Paper (November 27): 38

Berger, Arion. 1998.
War and rumors of war [Small Soldiers computer animated movie].
Washington City Paper (July 10): 34-5.

Berger, Arion. 1999.
Kids against clean speech [review of "South Park: Bigger, Longer & Uncut" animated movie].
Washington City Paper (July 2): 40-41

Bergeron, Debbie. 1997.
Riddle me this, Batman [Letter re: Batman & Robin movie].
Washington Post (Jun 29):G8.

Bernadin, Marc. 1997.
Superzero [Spawn movie and animated cartoon].
Entertainment Weekly (Dec 19):81-82.

Bernstein, Jill. 1998.
What movie makes you cry [illustrated by Drew Friedman]?
Premiere (December): 50

Bernstein, Paula. 1999.
MTV to Broaden Daria Into Animated TV Movie.
Reuters (December 16)

Bernstein, Paula. 2000.
Cartoon Network eyes "Home Movies'' [animated tv series].
Reuters/Variety (February 1)

Bianco, Robert. 2000.
'Witchblade' cut below the rest [tv movie].
USA Today (August 25): 7E

Biancolli, Amy. 1997.
'Chasing' worthwhile, yet gritty [Chasing Amy movie].
Albany Times Union (Apr 18).

Bifulco, Michael. 1989
Heroes and Villains: Movie Serial Classics
Woodland Hills, CA: Bifulco Books

Bifulco, Michael. 1989.
Heroes and Villains: Movie Serial Classics.
Woodland Hills, CA: Bifulco Books

Bifulco, Michael. 1989.
Heroes and Villains: Movie Serial Classics.
Woodland Hills, CA: Bifulco Books.

Blitt, Barry. 1999.
Waiting For The Movie To Start [cartoon].
Entertainment Weekly (August 13): 15

Block, Melissa. 1995.
Pocahontas in Park [Disney animated movie premier].
National Public Radio's All Things Considered (June 9)

Bohlen, Celestine. 2000.
Pride projected on the big screen: Filmmaker's Oscar becomes a victory for Russian culture [animator Aleksandr Petrov and "The Old Man and the Sea"].
New York Times (May 10): B1, 3

Bonifer, Mike. 1990.
Dick Tracy: The Making of the Movie
New York: Bantam Books

Bonin, Liane. 1999
Hollywood and With the launch of its latest movie website,, and a new and improved home page, Disney hopes to become king of the online jungle
Entertainment Weekly (June 11): E.W. Internet #11: 8-13

Bonitz, John. 1999.
High praise for 'Boondocks' [letter].
Washington Post (May 29): A25

Boon, Mike. 1999.
Doug's 1st Movie is undeniably charming [animation].
Calgary Herald (March 26)

Bouw, Brenda. 1998
Prince no ruler at box office: DreamWorks film far from recouping $100-million cost [animated movie].
National Post (December 30)

Boyer, Jay. 1997.
'Steel' yourself for a bad experience [movie].
Albany Times Union (Aug 18).

Brady, Pat. 1996.
She's a Momma, Not a Movie Star [Rose is Rose collection].
Kansas City: Andrews & McMeel

Bridis, Ted. 1999.
Cursor Software Tracks Web Traffic [Dilbert and Peanuts characters of United Feature Syndicate Inc., the Garfield comic strip page and sites for children's movies like ``The Iron Giant''].
Associated Press (November 29)

Briggs, Clare. 1930.
Memorial Edition: The Drawings of Clare Briggs [7 volumes reprinting The Days of Real Sport; It Happens in the Best Regulated Families; Kelly Pool; Tedious Pastimes; Golf; Real Folks at Home; Wonder What Thinks About; Movie of a Man; Handy Man Around the House; How To Start the Day Wrong; Ain't it a Grand and Glorious Feeling?; That Guiltiest Feeling; Oh Man; Old Songs; Somebody's Always Taking the Joy Out of Life; There's at Least One in Every Office; When a Feller Needs a Friend].
Wm. H. Wise & Company

Britt, John. 1989.
[Letter; Spider-Man movie].
Comics Scene (7):42.

Brodesser, Claude. 1999.
Sony studies Spider spin [Spider-Man movie].
Reuters (December 9)

Broeske, Pat H. 1988.
Brute forces: On film, a horde of mean comic-book heroes.
Washington Post (Dec 25).

Brown, Corie & Laura Shapiro. 1998.
Woman warrior [Disney's animated movie Mulan].
Newsweek (June 8): 64-5

Brown, Joe. 1994.
Funny Face Behind 'Mask' [movie].
Washington Post (Jul 29).

Brown, Scott & Doug Rand. 1998.
Reality check [animated movies Antz and A Bug's Life].
Entertainment Weekly (December 11): 16

Buckley, Tom. 1978.
The writing of 'Superman': a fantastic story [movie].
New York Times (December 22)

Burns, Charles. 1999.
Summer Movie Preview [illustration].
Entertainment Weekly (April 30): 16-17

Busch, Anita M. 1998.
Reel World: From Hero to Zero [Superman Reborn movie cancelled].
Entertainment Weekly (May 1): 37.

Busch, Anita M. 1998.
Reel World: Web sight [Spider-Man movie].
Entertainment Weekly (June 5): 44.

Cagle, Jess. 1995.
Gotham City's new boss [Batman Forever movie].
Entertainment Weekly (Jul 21).

Campbell, Mary. 1990.
Hype alone does not a superhero make [Marvel's Night Cat comics, movie and album].
Albany Times Union (Sep 8):D2.

Canby, Vincent. 1978.
Screen: It's a bird, it's a plane, it's a movie [Superman].
New York Times (December 15): C15

Cardozo, Erica K. and Chris Nashawata. 1995.
Batman versus the Dinos [Batman and Robin movie].
Entertainment Weekly (Oct 19).

Chandler, Clay. 1999.
A Cultural Shock to The System: Out of Japan's Upheaval Spring Hit Film, Books [anti-business manga].
Washington Post (November 9): E1, 15

Chang, Yahlin. 2000.
Great X-pectations: The 'X-Men' movie could rule the summer.
Newsweek (March 20): 68

Chonin, Neva. 1998.
Immaterial world: Cartoonist Daniel Clowes grapples with fame, film and other horrors.
San Francisco Bay Guardian (Jan 21;

Cieply, Michael. 1989.
Warner's wild card; No matter how you count "Batman's" payoff is no joke [movie].
Los Angeles Times (August 11): 6-1

Claremont, Chris, Salvador Larroca, Art Thibert, Steve Buccellato, and Richard Starkings. 2000.
The X-Men [comic strip on movie].
TV Guide (July 15): 23-28

Clinton, Paul. 2000.
Mutants to the rescue: World hangs in balance in rollicking 'X-Men' [movie]. (July 13):

Cochran, Jason. 1997.
Shadow of a doubt [Casper: A Spirited Beginning animated movie].
Entertainment Weekly (September 12).

Coke, Cheo Hodari. 2000.
The Joy of X [X-Men movie].
Premiere (July): 62-72

Coleman, Earle J. 1985.
The funnies, the movies and aesthetics.
Journal of Popular Culture 18(Spring):89-100.

Colton, Michael. 1999.
Cult film [illustrated by Lloyd Dangle].
Washington City Paper (January 29): 14

Comics Journal staff. 1992.
Harvey Kurtzman timeline.
Comics Journal (153; October): 92-95

Contino, Jennifer M. 2000.
LIGHTS! Camera! Comics? [movie adaptations].
Sequential Tart 3 (7; July):

Cooper, Matthew. 1998.
Hollywood and divine [Prince of Egypt animated movie].
Newsweek (March 30): 62.

Corliss, Richard. 1999.
Sick and Inspired: The South Park movie has a mean streak--and a song in its heart.
Time (July 5)

Corliss, Richard. 1989.
Murk in the myth [Batman movie review].
Time (Jun 19):60-61.

Corliss, Richard. 1989.
The caped crusader flies again [Batman movie].
Time (Jun 19):60-61.

Corliss, Richard. 1995.
Let 'em eat Crumb [biographical film on Robert Crumb].
Time 145(18; May 1).

Crafton, Donald. 1982.
Before Mickey: The Animated Film 1898-1928.
Cambridge, Mass.: The MIT Press.

Crafton, Donald. 1990.
Emile Cohl, caricature, and film.
Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Critchell, Samantha . 2000.
Rubble Role Boosts Stephen Baldwin [Flintstones movie, based on Hanna Barbera animated series].
Associated Press (May 3)

Croal, N'Gai. 2000.
Living in a 'Fantasy' world: PlayStations No. 1 smash goes Hollywood [computer animated movie based on video game 'Final Fantasy'].
Newsweek (August 21): 64, 66

Crumb, Robert and Aline Kominsky-Crumb. 1995.
Head for the hills [strip on the movie 'Crumb']!
New Yorker (Apr 24).

Culhane, John. 1977.
The last of the "Nine Old Men" [Disney animation and 'The Rescuers'].
American Film (June): 10-16

Daly, Steve and Anne Thompson. 1996.
A Tight Squeeze [Batman and Robin movie].
Entertainment Weekly (Mar 8).

Daly, Steve. 1999.
Making prophets ['The Prince of Egypt' animated movie's video release].
Entertainment Weekly (September 17): 82-84

Daly, Steve. 1999.
The vine king [Disney computer animation in Tarzan movie].
Entertainment Weekly (July 9): 36-38

Daly, Steve. 1998.
Disney serves potluck [review of The Black Cauldron animated movie].
Entertainment Weekly (August 7): 82.

Daly, Steve. 1999.
Bug screen tv; Rather than accept television's limitations for the video release of A Bug's Life, Disney and Pixar have reworked the film's ant's-eye vistas -- and made a visual mountain out of a molehill [animation].
Entertainment Weekly (April 23): 64-5

Dampf, Andrew. 1999.
Sotheby's Auctions 'Mulan' Artwork [from Disney animated movie].
Associated Press (March 6)

D'Angelo, Carr. 1987.
Christopher Reeve: It's a bird, it's a plane, it's 'Superman IV' [movie].
Comics Scene Special (1):10-12.

D'Angelo, Carr. 1989.
The Dr. Manhattan project [Sam Hamm; Watchmen movie].
Comics Scene (7):70.

Daniels, Mark R. 1989.
[Letter; Batman film].
Comics Scene (8):31.

Dargis, Manohla. 1998.
Holy Moses! DreamWorks spins the Bible [The Prince of Egypt animated movie].
LA Weekly (December 18).
online at

Dauphin, Gary. 1999.
Misfits of Science ['Mystery Men' by Bob Burden movie].
Village Voice (August 4).
online at

Dawes, Amy. 1997.
His short-lived comic book turned into 'Men in Black' [movie].
Detroit Free Press (Jul 4).

de Moraes, Lisa. 1999.
Network's Holy Trinity, 3 networks, 3 movies about Jesus [including a claymation animated one].
Washington Post (September 3): C7

de Moraes, Lisa. 2000.
An Extremely Engaging Show for Millions of Women [South Park animated movie].
Washington Post (February 17): C7

de Moraes, Lisa. 2000.
Bigger, longer and bleeped? [South Park animated movie].
Washington Post (March 3): C7

de Moraes, Lisa. 1999.
Filmmaker Spike Lee slams Fox's 'The PJs' [animated tv series].
Washington Post (January 18): C7

Dean, Michael. 1999.
Clowes questions whether Ghost World movie will materialize.
Comics Journal (218; December): 18

Dean, Michael. 1999.
Character conflicts: Caliber finds the road to Hollywood is paved with work-for-hire agreements [on movies].
Comics Journal (212; May): 8-10

Dean, Michael. 1999.
Character conflicts: Marvel wins back Spider-Man; Wolfman sues for Blade [movies].
Comics Journal (212; May): 7-8

Dean, Michael. 1999.
Smith completes Bone movie script, plans sabbatical.
Comics Journal (212; May): 18

DEDaz Maroto, Carlos and Luis F. Alboreca. 1999.
Batman: de Bob Kane a Joel Schumacher. [Super-heroes including movies; in Spanish].
Madrid, Spain: Nuer

Dempsey, John. 2000.
''Deadman'' walking for TNT [DC Comics character movie].
Reuters / Variety (August 22)

Denby, David. 2000.
Dazzled: Mutants and the human problem ['X-Men' movie].
New Yorker (July 24): 87

DeWolf, R. 1998.
Mulan is latest in a long line of Disney films to be slammed for its messages.
Raleigh News and Observer (July 13): C1, 3

Dickholtz, Daniel, Marc Shapiro and Edward Gross. 1987.
Waiting for the Watchmen [movie adaptation of Alan Moore miniseries].
Comics Scene Special (1):26-27.

Dickholtz, Daniel. 1989.
Brooke Shields, "Starr" Reporter [Brenda Starr film].
Comics Scene (8):68-69.

Diones, Bruce. 1996.
The Phantom [review of movie adaptation].
New Yorker (Jul 8):25.

DiOrio, Carl. 2000.
Crystal, Goodman topline "Monsters'' ["Monsters Inc.,'' computer-animated film from Pixar and Disney].
Reuters / Variety (August 11)

Dougherty, Robin. 1994.
Film [greatest cartoons].
Boston Phoenix 23(39; Sep 30):6.

Dowell, Pat. 1995.
[Merchandising of the new Disney animated film "Pocahontas"].
National Public Radio's Morning Edition (June 23)

Dowell, Pat. 1995.
[Rediscovery of films by Jiri Zrnka, a famous Czech puppet animator].
National Public Radio's Morning Edition (February 2)

Dowell, Pat. 1998.
The Making of Prince of Egypt [animated movie].
National Public Radio's Morning Edition (December 18)

Drabell, Dennis. 1999.
Deep into the vale of inspiration: How Monument Valley stirred the visions of a filmmaker and a cartoonist [George Herriman].
Preservation (May/June): 90-95

Ebert, Roger. 1999.
Guy's a regular Swiss army knife [animation; Inspector Gadget movie].
Bergen Record (July 23): Previews 4

Ebert, Roger. 2000.
[X-Men movie review].
Chicago Sun Times (July 14)

Ebert, Roger. 2000.
Human genome, we hardly knew ya: Mutants battle for soul of man [X-Men movie review].
Bergen Record (July 14): Previews 3

Edwards, Bob. 1995.
[Disney's computer-animated film "Toy Story"].
National Public Radio's Morning Edition (November 24)

Elber, Lynn. 1997.
Tarzan swings back into U.S. consciousness with new series, movie [E. R. Burrough's Tarzan].
Chicago Tribune (Jun 6).

Epstein, Warren. 2000.
The X-citement builds [X-Men movie].
Colorado Springs Gazette (July 9)

Evenson, Laura. 1997.
Comics' superpower to turn season's movies into box-office gold: Hollywood raids DC's and Marvel's pantheons for their simple plots and boffo visuals.
San Francisco Chronicle (May 18).

Farhi, Paul. 1998.
A kingdom losing its magic? Movie flops, other problems produce 2nd quarterly decline at Disney.
Washington Post (November 6): F1-2

Feeney, F.X. 1999.
Comic Belief: The soul in two dimensions [Mystery Men and Iron Giant movies].
LA Weekly (August 6).

Feeney, F.X. 2000.
All the World's a Farm: Chicken Run and other delights from abroad [Aardman Animation movie].
LA Weekly (June 23).
online at

Fehr, Stephen C. 1998.
Invasion of the money snatchers: Kids under attack by bugs, pigs and other must-have movie tie-ins [animation].
Washington Post (November 27): A1, A22-3

Feschuk, Scott. 1998.
Holy Moses! It delivers: It's DreamWorks' biggest gamble, it's the biggest movie opening ever, and, amazingly, it's a big success [Prince of Eygypt animated movie].
National Post (December 18)

Filipski, Kevin. 2000.
Drab films, but essential disks [Kevin Smith].
New York Times (August 27): AR 20

Flamini, Roland. 1976.
Television and the Magoo factor [testing tv pilots against old animated show].
American Film (May): 50-53

Fleeman, Michael. 1999.
Spider-Man finally freed from legal web [movie rights].
Associated Press (March 2)

Fleming, Michael. 1999.
Marvel takes cue from its superheroes [for its movies].
Variety (July 13)

Fleming, Michael . 1997.
Fox 'Toons in to New Sci-fi Film [animated feature "Planet Ice"].
New York Post (November 26)

Fleming, Michael. 1999.
''Zits'' popping up at Universal [film of comic strip planned].
Variety (September 30)

Fleming, Michael. 2000.
Chow to shoot ``Bulletproof Monk'' [movie based on comic book].
Reuters/ Variety (May 10)

Fleming, Michael. 2000.
''X'' marks the scribe [X-Men movie writing credits].
Reuters / Variety (July 13)

Flynn, Gillian. 2000.
Looking Marvelous: The comic giant goes Hollywood with a roster of superhero movies [Marvel].
Entertainment Weekly (545; June 16): 51

Forrest, Brett. 2000.
Freak show: After 37 years as the world's biggest comic cult, the X-Men are taking on blood and bone [movie].
Gear (July/August): 79-81

Fowler, Jimmy. 1995.
Treasure trove: Toy Story beats the Disney 'classics' with sheer manic invention [Pixar computer animation].
Dallas Observer (November 23).
online at

Frank, J. 1948.
Chills and thrills in radio, movies and comics, Some psychiatric opinions reported
Child Studies 25: 42.

Freedman, Morris. 1992.
Sordid entertainment: Does it steal children's innocence [psychology, censorship, movies].
Washington Post (Sep 26).

Frum, David. 1996.
[review of Disney's animated movie 'The Hunchback of Notre Dame'].
National Public Radio's Morning Edition (June 19)

Fung, Shirliey. 1998.
Aye, there's the sub [Beatles' 1968 animated movie Yellow Submarine rerelease and merchandising].
Entertainment Weekly (November 20): 22

G., O. [full name unknown]. 1996.
Nothing to 'Crow' about [movie review].
Entertainment Weekly (Sep 13).

Gardner, Elysa. 2000.
Roll over, Beethoven: Breaking out of their traditional modes, artists chisel out new passions from classical music to theater to film scores [animation].
USA Today (August 25): 1-2E

Gehr, Richard. 1999.
Darkside Toons [Cartoon Noir" animation movie].
Village Voice (December 1).
online at

Gerhart, Ann and Annie Groer. 1997.
The Reliable Source column [Batman & Robin movie].
Washington Post (Feb 24):D3.

Germain, David. 2000.
Study: G-Rated [animated] Films Are Violent.
Associated Press (May 24)

Getman, Steven J. 1989.
[Letter; Judge Dredd film].
Comics Scene (7):42.

Giammarco, David. 1999.
Changing his 'toon: Filmmaker Katzenberg takes animation to a new level
National Post (January 16)

Gidal, Peter. 1971.
Andy Warhol Films and Paintings.

Gifford, Denis. 1996.
Obituary: George Nicholas; Nicholas worked on a trio of the great Disney feature films, including Lady and the Tramp.
The Guardian (December 3)

Gifford, Denis. 1987.
British animated films, 1895-1985: A filmography.
McFarland and Company.

Gifford, Denis. 1990.
American animated films: The silent era, 1897-1929.
McFarland and Company.

Giles, Jeff & Corie Brown. 1998.
This bug's for you [Disney computer animated movie A Bug's Life].
Newsweek (November 16): 78-80

Giles, Jeff. 2000.
It's a mutant, mutant world [X-Men movie].
Newsweek (July 24): 56-57

Giles, Jeff. 1998.
Down by the river [The Prince of Egypt animated movie].
Newsweek (December 14): 80

Gilstrap, Peter. 1992.
The dreamy world of 'Little Nemo' [animated movie based on Winsor McCay].
Washington Post (August 24)

Givhan, Robin. 1997.
Shades of Hollywood [Men in Black movie merchandising].
Washington Post (Jun 29):F3.

Gleiberman, Owen. 1999.
My little monsters [Pokemon animated movie].
Entertainment Weekly (November 19): 106

Gleiberman, Owen. 1995.
The Dear Hunter [Casper movie].
Entertainment Weekly (Jun 2):38-39.

Gleiberman, Owen. 1998.
Pest Picture [Disney's A Bug's Life animated movie].
Entertainment Weekly (November 27): 53

Gleiberman, Owen. 1998. The Red Sea diaries [The Prince of Egypt animated movie]. Entertainment Weekly (December 18): 50 Gloeckner, Phoebe. 1989.
Comic books: a medium deserving another look.
Etc. 46(Fall):246-7.

Gleiberman, Owen. 1998.
Fine China [Disney's animated movie Mulan].
Entertainment Weekly (June 19): 47.

Gleiberman, Owen. 1998.
Pain in the neck [Marvel's Blade movie review].
Entertainment Weekly (September 4): 56.

Gleiberman, Owen. 1999.
Quicktakes: Doug's 1st Movie [animation review].
Entertainment Weekly (April 2)

Glieberman, Owen. 1995.
Armored Stars [Judge Dredd movie].
Entertainment Weekly (Jul 14).

Goldberg, Lee. 1987.
Strange and Shadow Cinema [movie adaptations of Doctor Strange and The Shadow].
Comics Scene Special (1):71.

Goldsmith, Martin and Royal S. Brown. 1999.
Great Film Music: Silent, Classic and Modern Eras ['Batman' score].
National Public Radio's Performance Today (January 6)

Goldstein, Adam O., Rachel A. Sobel and Glen R. Newman. 1999.
Tobacco and alcohol use in G-rated children's animated films.
Journal of the American Medical Association 281 (12; March 24): 1131-1136

Graham, Jefferson. 1998.
'CatDog' goes to the movies with 'Rugrats' [animated tv show].
USA Today (November 24): 5D.

Graser, Marc. 2000.
Burton Toons Up Web Pact [Director Tim Burton to create a series of animated short films based on his character Stainboy].
Reuters / Variety (January 28)

Green, Howard E. 1999.
The Tarzan Chronicles [Disney animated film history].

Griffith, Bill. 1997.
The Only Beatnik in Levittown.
Anthology Film Archives [available at

Groensteen, Thierry. 1992.
[Comics and film/storyboards.]
In Storyboard, le Cinema Dessine (B. Peeters, J. Faton and P. de Pierpoint, eds.).
Yellow Now.

Groer, Annie. 1999.
Tarzan's desk-top cast of characters [Disney animated movie merchandise].
Washington Post (July 1): Home 5, 8

Gross, Edward and Marc Shapiro.1987.
The Flintstones go Hollyrock [movie].
Comics Scene Special (1):46-47.

Gross, Edward and Steve Swires. 1987.
The Spirit Held Hostage [TV movie adaptation; Will Eisner].
Comics Scene Special (1):40-41.

Gross, Terry. 2000.
[Nick Park and Peter Lord interview on animated film "Chicken Run."].
National Public Radio's Fresh Air (June 19)

Grove, Lloyd. 1998.
The subject was Moses [Jeffrey Katzenberg and 'The Prince of Egypt' animated movie].
Washington Post (November 29): G1,4

Guthmann, Edward. 1997.
Drawing strength from 'Crumb:' Film about Robert helps brother Maxon get his art and his life on track [R. Crumb and 'Crumb' film].
San Francisco Chronicle (May 11).

Hahn, Gary. 1997.
'Batman' blitz [comics-related films].
Albany Times Union (Jun 19).

Halas, J. 1947.
Animated film.
Art and Industry 43(Jul-Aug):2.

Halas, John and Roger Manvell. 1959.
The technique of film animation.
New York: Communication Arts Books.

Hardy, Ernest. 1999.
Animating the Century; Princess Mononoke taps the Zeitgeist [anime].
LA Weekly (October 29).
online at

Harmetz, Aljean. 1981.
'Superman' breaks record [movie sales].
New York Times (June 30)

Harmetz, Aljean. 1981.
The life and exceedingly hard times of Superman [movie].
New York Times (June 14)

Harper, Marla. 1997.
Names and faces: Cage of steel [Superman movie]?
Washington Post (Apr 7).

Harrington, Richard. 1999.
'South Park,' getting down and dirty: Unsavory CD passes the distate test [animated movie music soundtrack].
Washington Post (August 1): G7

Harris, Dana. 2000.
Gene Simmons Sizes Up 'Sable' [Mike Grell comic book for adapting to movie]
Reuters / Variety (July 23 )

Harvey, R.C. 1999.
T n' a for two: F.A.K.K. 2 Movie Special by Kevin Eastman and Simon Bisley / Lorna and her Robot by Alfonzo Azpiri [reviews].
Comics Journal (216; October): 42

Hernandez, Greg. 2000.
WB collects 3rd 'Pokemon' film [anime].
The Hollywood Reporter (August 24)

Hershenson, Bruce. 1998? Cartoon Movie Posters.
West Plains, MO: Bruce Hershenson

Hershenson, Bruce. 1998?
Cartoon Movie Posters
West Plains, MO: Bruce Hershenson

Hettrick, Scott. 2000.
Movie franchises mine video gold [direct to video animation].
Reuters / Variety (June 23)

Hiller, B.B. 1990.
Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles [children's novelization of the movie].
New York: Dell.

Hinson, Hal. 1999.
Super zeroes: Heroes without powers, the Mystery Men fight crime with laughter [Bob Burden movie].
Dallas Observer (August 5).
online at

Hochman, David. 1999.
Putting the 'R' in 'Park' [rating South Park animated movie].
Entertainment Weekly (July 9): 15-16

Hochman, David. 1998.
Reel World: Foley tracks [Disney's A Bug's Life animated movie toys].
Entertainment Weekly (December 4): 62

Hochman, David. 1998.
Epics and insects [animated movies The Prince of Eypt and A Bug's Life].
Entertainment Weekly (November 20): 62-8

Holden, Stephen. 2000.
May a slightly different force be with you ["Titan A.E." animated movie by Don Bluth].
New York Times (June 16): B12

Holden, Stephen. 1997.
Spawn [movie].
New York Times (Aug 1).

Holmes, Willie. 1989.
[Letter; Punisher movie].
Comics Scene (8):31.

Horn, John. 1998.
Do dreams come true [DreamWorks animation including Prince of Egypt movie]?
Premiere (December): 106-114

Horn, John. 1998.
Tangled web: Even James Cameron may not be able to rescue 'Spider-Man' [movie] from development hell.
Premiere (September): 39-41

Hornaday, Ann. 1998.
Double-Edged; 'Blade' is up to its neck in blood and seems to last an eternity. But fans of the comic book, and nonstop action, will love this stylish vampire film.
Baltimore Sun (August 21)

Horwitz, Jane. 2000.
Filmfest for the younger set [animation].
Washington Post Weekend (April 7)

Howe, Desson. 1996.
Leave It to 'Beavis' ["Beavis and Butt-head Do America" animated movie].
Washington Post (December 20): Weekend 44

Howe, Desson. 1997.
Disney's Myth Conception [Hercules movie; animation].
Washington Post (Jun 27): Weekend 43.

Howe, Desson. 1999.
'Dudley' could do better [adaptation of Jay Ward's animation Dudley Do-Right as a live-action movie].
Washington Post (August 27): Weekend 37, 44

Howe, Desson. 2000.
Cartoons in the shadows ['Cartoon Noir' animated movie shorts].
Washington Post (March 31): Weekend 45-46

Howe, Desson. 2000.
Revved up 'El Dorado' [animated movie].
Washington Post (March 31): Weekend 43-44

Howe, Desson. 2000.
'Dinosaur': The lost script [Disney computer animation movie].
Washington Post Weekend (May 19): 45

Howe, Desson. 2000.
'Tigger' loses some bounce [Disney animated movie].
Washington Post (February 12): Weekend 41, 47

Howe, Desson. 1997.
Batman: Winged defeat [Batman and Robin film].
Washington Post (Jun 20):Weekend/37.

Howe, Desson. 1999.
'Office Space': Occupational therapy [movie by animator Mike Judge].
Washington Post (February 19): Weekend 37

Hunter, Stephen. 1999.
'Iron Giant': A little rusty [Warner Bros. animated movie].
Washington Post (August 6): C1, 4

Hunter, Stephen. 2000.
Disney's Digital 'Dinosaur': A Cretaceous Bambi [computer animated movie].
Washington Post (May 19):

Hunter, Stephen. 2000.
'Road to El Dorado': Genocide in toon [animated movie].
Washington Post (March 31): C5

Hunter, Stephen. 2000.
'Vegas': The Flinstones at Bedrock bottom [movie based on Hanna-Barbera animated tv series].
Washington Post (April 28): C5

Hunter, Stephen. 199?.
Brandon Lee's 'The Crow' is very good at being dark, loud, violent [movie].
Baltimore Sun.

Hunter, Stephen. 1997.
'Chasing Amy' an intoxicating mix of pain, humor [movie].
Baltimore Sun (Apr 18).

Hunter, Stephen. 1997.
Fred Nietzsche, Hollywood Superman [Batman and Robin film].
Washington Post (Jun 22):G1.

Hunter, Stephen. 1997.
'Mallrats' hangs around, without a clue [movie].
Baltimore Sun.

Hunter, Stephen. 1998.
'A Bug's Life': That creepy sensation [Disney computer animated movie].
Washington Post (November 25): D1, 14

Hunter, Stephen. 1998.
'Prince of Egypt': A heroic feat [The Prince of Egypt animated movie].
Washington Post (December 18): D1, 5.

Hunter, Stephen. 1999.
'King and I': Royally insulting [animated movie review].
Washington Post (March 19): C5

Hunter, Stephen. 1999.
'Virus': A germ of an idea run amok [Dark Horse Comics movie].
Washington Post (January 16): C1, 5

Ingall, Marjorie. 1997.
Paper movies [women in comics].
Ms. 7(6; May):40-47.

Iorio, Paul. 1998.
The next wave [adapting comic books to movies].
Los Angeles Times (Jan 10).

James B. Beam Distilling Co. 1977.
Ripley's Believe It or Not! Jim Beam and ice cream whip up an "Ice Beam Soda!" [comic strip ad with recipe].
American Film (June): 25

Jamrose, Todd. 1989.
[Letter; Punisher movie].
Comics Scene (8):31.

Janes, Peet. 1998.
Mara Jade: Who needs movies to be a star? [Dark Horse Comics miniseries].
Star Wars Insider 39 (August / September): 72-75

Jenkin, Mark. 1999.
Watching the defectives ['Doug's 1st Movie' review; animation].
Washington City Paper (March 26): 38-9

Jenkins, Mark. 1992.
Adventures close to home ["Little Nemo in Slumberland" animated movie based on Winsor McCay].
Washington City Paper (August 21): 33-34

Jenkins, Mark. 1997.
Spirit of the beekeeper [Batman & Robin movie].
Washington City Paper (Jun 20).

Jenkins, Mark. 1997.
The joke that fell to earth [Men In Black movie].
Washington City Paper (Jul 4).

Jenkins, Mark. 1998.
The doom generation [Marvel Comics movie Blade review].
Washington City Paper (August 21): 36-7.

Jenkins, Mark. 1999.
Apeman and essence [Disney's animated Tarzan movie].
Washington City Paper (June 18): 34-5

Jenkins, Mark. 1999.
Masters of anime [film series].
Washington City Paper (September 10): 121

Jenkins, Mark. 1999.
'Pokemon': Cuddly warriors without a charge [animated film review].
Washington Post (November 10): C1, 9

Jenkins, Mark. 1999.
The myth Japan pageant [Princess Mononoke animated film review].
Washington City Paper (November 5): 42-43

Jenkins, Mark. 2000.
Love and 45s [includes review of "Cartoon Noir" animated movie].
Washington City Paper (March 31): 38-39

Jenkins, Mark. 2000.
Bullwinkle nation ["The Adventures of Rocky and Bullwinkle" animated movie]
Washington City Paper (June 30): 40-41

Jenkins, Mark. 2000.
Singleton's big score ["Titan A.E." animated movie by Don Bluth].
Washington City Paper (June 16): 40-41

Jenkins, Mark. 1995.
Mad Max (and Robert and Charles): Filming the Brothers Crumb.
Washington City Paper (May 26).

Jenkins, Mark. 1998.
Stairway to denial [review of Antz animated movie].
Washington City Paper (October 2): 36-7

Jenkins, Mark. 1998.
The prophet formerly known as prince [The Prince of Egypt animated movie].
Washington City Paper (December 18): 36-7

Jensen, Jeff and Rebecca Ascher-Walsh. 1999.
After effects ['The Matrix' movie electronic website comics].
Entertainment Weekly (April 16): 7

Jensen, Jeff. 1999.
Saving grace [Jeff Smith's 'Dogma' movie].
Entertainment Weekly (November 26): 37

Jensen, Jeff. 2000.
Hall of (In)justice [movies based on comic books; comments by Stan Lee; Brian Michael Bendis; Michael Uslan; Warren Ellis; Mike Richardson of Dark Horse; Phil Jimenez; Todd McFarlane; Craig Mazin and James Gunn].
Entertainment Weekly (545; June 16): 53

Johnson, Kim H. 1989.
The Gilliam factor [Watchmen movie].
Comics Scene (7):70.

Johnson, Ted. 2000.
The X-Men cometh [movie].
TV Guide (July 15): 12-20

Jones, Jr., Malcolm & Corie Brown. 1998.
Chuckie, Phil, Lil - you're wanted on the set [Rugrats animated movie].
Newsweek (November 23)

Jones, Oliver. 1998.
'Hulk' - A.K.A. The Incredible Balk [movie].
Premiere (June): 25-6.

Kaltenbach, Chris. 1998.
'Rugrats Movie' adds little to the television cartoons [animation].
Baltimore Sun (November 20)

Kaltenbach, Chris. 1997.
'Spawn' burns with energy: Style makes comic-book-turned-film hot stuff.
Baltimore Sun (Aug 1).

Kan, Katharine L. 1995.
Graphically speaking: Slip-sliding through the media [superhero novels and movies; bibliography].
Voice of Youth Advocates 18(Oct):207-208.

Kaplan, David A. 1997.
Caped Crusader [Spawn movie].
Newsweek (Aug 4):68-69.

Kaplan, Don. 1999.
'Animaniacs' Make Movie.
New York Post (January 22)

Keaton, Michael. 1996.
Winging endorsement [on Batman movie].
Entertainment Weekly (Jul 19).

Kelly, Doug. 1989.
[Letter; Batman movie; Sam Hamm].
Comics Scene (8):30.

Kempley, Rita. 1998.
Yangtze doodle dandy: Fabled 'Mulan' meets Disney [animated movie]
Washington Post (June 19): B1, 7.

Kempley, Rita. 1999.
'Dogma': The road to heaven is unpaved [Kevin Smith movie].
Washington Post (November 12): C1, 5

Kempley, Rita. 1999.
'Mystery Men': The seven doodly simps [Bob Burden movie].
Washington Post (August 6): C5

Kempley, Rita. 2000.
'Rocky and Bullwinkle': moosterpiece theater [animated movie].
Washington Post (June 30): C1, 12

Kempley, Rita. 2000.
The wonderful thing about 'Tigger' [Disney animated movie].
Washington Post (February 12): C1, 5

Kempley, Rita. 1997.
'Batman and Robin:' Hero Blandwich [film].
Washington Post (Jun 20):C1.

Kempley, Rita. 1997.
'Spawn:' Murkey depths [movie].
Washington Post (Aug 1):Weekend 30.

Kempley, Rita. 1998.
'Blade': A cut below [Marvel Comics movie review].
Washington Post (August 21): B5.

Kempley, Rita. 1998.
Small Soldiers': Armed, dangerous [computer animated movie].
Washington Post (July 10).

Kempley, Rita. 1999.
Those little devils; The wickedly funny 'South Park' [animated movie].
Washington Post (June 30): C1, 10

Kempley, Rita. 1999.
'Office Space': Comical in the cubical [movie by animator Mike Judge].
Washington Post (February 19): C1, 5

Kennedy, Dawn. 1996.
Crow's next time [Crow: City of Angels movie review].
Entertainment Weekly (Sep 6).

Kenny, Glenn. 1996.
Rusted 'Metal' [Heavy Metal movie review].
Entertainment Weekly (Jun 14).

Kerr, Euan. 1995.
[Sculptor's lawsuit against film "Batman Forever"].
National Public Radio's Morning Edition (June 22)

Kilmer, David. 1999.
The Animated Film Collector's Guide : Worldwide Sources for Cartoons on Videotape and Laserdisc.
John Libbey & Co Ltd

Klein, Andy. 1999.
Bigger, longer, and almost as funny: South Park parents battle the hideous threat of potty-mouth [animated movie].
Dallas Observer (July 1).
online at

Klein, Andy. 1999.
Gods almighty: Princess Mononoke is beautiful, but is she worth the wait? [anime; Miyazaki; Gaiman].
Dallas Observer (November 4).
online at

Klein, Andy. 1999.
The plot thickens and thins: Jawbreaker revisits Heathers; Office Space brings Mike Judge's world to live action.
Dallas Observer (February 18).
online at

Knight-Ridder News Service. 1987.
Superman is 50, his speechwriter [Fleisher movie scripter Jay Morton] 760 (in Krypton years).
Denver Post (May 31)

Koehler, Robert. 2000.
''Pokemon'' sequel better than original [Pokemon 2000 the Movie: The Power of One (Poketto Monsutaa: Maboroshi No Pokemon X: Lugia Bakudan) animated Japanese movie].
Reuters / Variety (July 21)

Konclus, Jura. 1997.
Movie Magic: toys that bring the stories home [Batman & Robin movie].
Washington Post (Jul 3).

Koseluk, Chris. 1991.
Comic book antihero.
American Film 16(Feb):11.

Kridler, Chris. 1996.
'Phantom' is thin as air: Film treatment of the crime-busting comic strip hero in the purple tights has almost none of the elements that make a movie interesting.
Baltimore Sun (Jun 7).

Krieg, Christopher. 1989.
[Letter; Batman film].
Comics Scene (8):31.

Kroll, Jack. 1989.
The Joker is wild, but Batman carries the night [Batman movie].
Newsweek (Jun 26).

Lacassin, Francis. 1972.
The Comic Strip and Film Language
Film Quarterly 26(1):11

Lameiras, Joao Miguel. 1993.
Blueberry e o Cinema [Western comic Blueberry and movies].
Nemo Fanzine (17; Dec).

Lameiras, Joao Miguel. 1994.
Perfeito como nos filmes: Frank Miller em Sin City.
Nemo Fanzine (20; Nov).

Lane, Anthony. 2000.
High times: A lady's flight of fancy, and "Fantasia 2000." [Disney animat ed movie review].
New Yorker (January 17): 86-87

Lane, Anthony. 1997.
Summer Olympics [Men in Black, Batman and Robin and Hercules animated movie reviews].
New Yorker (Jul 7):76.

Lane, Anthony. 1998.
No picnic [review of Antz animated movie].
New Yorker (October 19): 93-4

Langford, Terri. 1999.
Film's First [movie] Superman Alyn Dies.
Associated Press (March 15)

Laris, Michael. 1999.
Mickey gets China's ear; Beijing lifts its ban on Disney films [animation].
Washington Post (February 8): A1, 12

LaSalle, Mick. 1995.
Stallone is the 'Judge' [movie review 'Judge Dredd'].
San Francisco Chronicle (Jun 30).

Lawson, Terry / Detroit Free Press. 2000.
The first wave: The fate of future comic movies depends on the success of 'X-Men'.
Bergen Record (July 15): YT1, 4

Laybourne, Kit. 1999.
The Animation Book : A Complete Guide to Animated Filmmaking-From Flip-Books to Sound Cartoons to 3-D Animation.
Three Rivers Press

Lee, Stan. 1987.
Zap Pow Bam.
American Film 12(May):59-61.

Lee, Will. 1999.
Mouse droppings [recall of The Rescuers animated movie]
Entertainment Weekly (January 22-29): 9

Lefevre, Pascal. 1987.
Kleur in de strip: Analyse van samber [colors in Sambre by Yslaire].
Andere Sinema: De Andere Film, Antwerpen (78; Apr).

Lefevre, Pascal. 1988.
Het hors champ in de strip [visual space in comic strip frames].
Andere Sinema: De Andere Film, Antwerpen (88; Nov).

Lefort, Gerard. 1999.
Plop! Le passage de la BD au film met fin, fatalement, au r=EAve. Comme une bulle qui cr=E8ve. [Asterix movie, in French].
Liberation (February 3)

Lemire, Christy. 1999.
At the Movies: 'Dogma' [Kevin Smith movie].
Associated Press (November 9)

Lenatti, Chuck. 1998.
King of the "Antz" [computer animated movie]
Upside Magazine (October):

Levy, Shawn. 2000.
Tarzan [Disney animated movie review].
Pulse! (February): 37

Leydon, Joe. 1999.
''Bartok the Magnificent'' true to its name [Animated direct-to-video movie prequel to 'Anastasia'].
Reuters (November 28)

Leydon, Joe. 2000.
Misadventures with "Rocky & Bullwinkle'' [movie based on Jay Ward's animation].
Reuters / Variety (June 30)

Lloyd, Robert. 1999.
TV: The Vile, Vile West: John Cusack does the little screen; plus, a doc and a cartoon [Home Movies, A new UPN cartoon from the creators of Dr. Katz: Professional Therapist].
LA Weekly (April 16).
online at

Logan, Michael. 1999.
Betty Lou Gerson tribute [obituary for actress from Disney's animated movie "101 Dalmations"].
TV Guide (April 3): 4

Lovece, Frank. 1995.
R. Crumb's Family Circus [movie].
Entertainment Weekly (Jun 2):34-35.

Lovece, Frank. 1996.
Superhero Worship [reviews the 1990s spate of comics movies].
Entertainment Weekly (Nov 22).

Lozito, Patrick. 1989.
[Letter; Keaton and Batman movie].
Comics Scene (7):42.

Lyman, Rick. 2000.
Digital distribution of movie is planned by Fox and Cisco ['Titan A.E.' animated film].
New York Times (June 5): C6

Lyman, Rick. 2000.
The Grinch gets a soaring score [music for Dr. Seuss movie].
New York Times (September 1): B21

Lyons, Charles and Carl DiOrio. 2000.
MGM sees "Stars'' with comic book genre ["Rising Stars'' comic book feature film; J. Michael Straczynski].
Reuters / Variety (August 16)

M., F. 1999.
Un euroh=E9ros; Les albums, traduits dans de nombreuses langues, ont popularis=E9 les aventures gauloises [Asterix movie, in French].
Liberation (February 3)

Maddox , Garry. 1999.
Animators give world a taste of our pudding [Norman Lindsay's children's classic "The Magic Pudding" into an Australian animated feature film].
Sydney Morning Herald (October 30)

Majendie, Paul. 1999.
UK Plasticine Man In Giant Hollywood Film Deal [Wallace and Gromit animator Nick Park].
Reuters (October 30)

Malcolm, Shawna. 1998.
Comic-book relief [casting Wonder Woman tv movie].
Entertainment Weekly (Jan 23):13.

Malkin, Mark. S. 1999.
'Inspector Gadget' searches for a clue [movie based on animated tv series].
Premiere (March): 35-6

Malone, Lindsay.1 989.
[Letter; Batman film].
Comics Scene (8):31.

Mansfield, Stephanie. 1979.
Superman rusts in legal tussle [movie release in Virginia].
Washington Post (January 4): C1, 4

Margolis, Dawn. 1997.
Men in Black : Official Agents' Handbook [children's book based on movie].
Newmarket Press

Martin, Geoffrey. 1953.
Designer and the cartoon film: Orwell's Animal Farm.
Art and Industry 55(Sep):94.

Maslin, Janet. 1997.
Batman and Robin [movie].
New York Times (Jun 20).

Maslin, Janet. 1997.
Men in Black [movie].
New York Times (Jul 1).

Maslin, Janet. 1998.
'Prince of Egypt': Fairy Tale? Musical Comedy? Nope, Biblical Epic [animated movie review].
New York Times (December 18)

Mason, Jane B. 1997.
Men in Black : A Storybook [children's novelization of movie].
New York: Scholastic

Masters, Kim. 1992.
Holy lawsuit, 'Batman!' [Batman movie].
Washington Post (Mar 29).

McAvennie, Michael. 1989.
The novel approach [Return of Swamp Thing movie novelization].
Comics Scene (7):58.

McCall, Douglas L. 1998.
Film Cartoons: A Guide to 20th Century American Animated Features and Shorts.
McFarland & Company

McCarthy, Todd. 2000.
''Road to El Dorado'' paved with potholes [animated movie].
Reuters / Variety (March 30)

McDonnell, David. 1987.
The Law is Dredd [Judge Dredd movie].
Comics Scene Special (1):70.

McIntire, Joy A. 1995.
Silent Animated Films at the Library of Congress.
Washington, D.C.: Library of Congress

McIntire, Joy A. 1999.
Silent Animated Films at the Library of Congress [finding aid].

McLendon, Ron. 1997.
Dark comic-book hero 'Spawns' summer-movie-season action-thriller.
Pentagram [Military District of Washington] (1hAug 15):31.

McTavish, Brian. 1996.
The Phantom speaks [Billy Zane in movie adaptation].
Kansas City Star (Jun 13).

Mead, Rebecca. 1999.
The musical life: The maestro behind "South Park"'s arpeggios of flatulence [animated movie].
New Yorker (July 19): 30

Medved, Michael. 1997.
4 Czars for Little Orphan Anya [Anastasia Animated Movie].
New York Post (November 14)

Medved, Michael. 1997.
Mr. Magoo [Movie Review ].
New York Post (December 24)

Merritt, Russell and Kaufman, J.B. 1992.
Walt in Wonderland: The Silent Films of Walt Disney.
Pordenone: Edizioni Biblioteca dell'Immagine

Metcalf, Marion R. 1997.
Henpecked birds [letter about Mark Trail]?
Washington Post (Jul 26).

Meth, Clifford and Daniel Dickholtz. 1987.
Stan Lee: It's a Marvelous Life [movie adaptations of comics].
Comics Scene Special (1):34-37, 64.

Meyers, John D. 1992.
Model citizen [letter; Spider-Man; psychology; censorship; movies].
Washington Post (Oct 17).

Meza, Ed. 2000.
Comic book hero "Corto'' to film in Cuba.
Reuters / Variety (September 4)

Miller, Bob. 1989.
The lure of 'Laputa' [Japanese animation movie].
Comics Scene (7):69.

Mills, Bart. 1982.
Disney looks for a happy ending to its grim fairy tale [illustrated by Neal Adams' Continuity Associates].
American Film (July-August): 52-56

Mitchell, Elvis. 1997.
Dead on Arrival: Big-screen Spawn is as flat as a comic-book page.
Dallas Observer (July 31).
online at

Mitchell, Elvis. 2000.
Insanity! Communism! Indolence! The Works! ["Grass" film review mentions art director Paul Mavrides the underground cartoonist].
New York Times (May 31): B1, 9

Mitchell, Elvis. 2000.
Pow! Misfit heroes to the rescue! Zap! [X-Men movie].
New York Times (July 14): B1, 12

Mitchell, Elvis. 2000.
They oughta be in pictures: Comic-book heroes are naturals, but too often films fail them.
New York Times (July 25): B1, 4

Moerk, Christian. 2000.
WB Tooning 'Cats And Dogs' [animated movie].
Reuters / Variety (January 12)

Molson, Francis J. 1984.
Films, Funnies and Fighting the War: Whitman's Children's Books in the 1940s.
Journal of Popular Culture 17(4; Spring).

Mondello, Bob. 1998.
Animated Films.
National Public Radio's Weekend All Things Considered (November 28)

Mondello, Bob. 1998.
'Mulan' Storms China, Box Office [Disney animated film].
National Public Radio's Weekend All Things Considered (June 21)

Mondello, Bob. 1998.
Winter Movies [animated children's film "Prince of Egypt"].
National Public Radio's All Things Considered (November 27)

Moore, Frazier. 2000.
Daria Stars in Her First TV Film [animation].
Associated Press (August 24)

Moorhead, M.V. 1999.
He comes in peace: Gentle and breathtaking, The Iron Giant is a most human film [animation].
Dallas Observer (August 5).
online at

Moorhead, M.V. 1999.
Off with his head: Go, go, Gadget... straight to hell ["Inspector Gadget" based on animated tv series].
Dallas Observer (July 22).
online at

Moorhead, M.V. 2000.
Mesozoic mess: The Disney formula goes disturbingly awry in the off-putting Dinosaur [animation].
Dallas Observer (May 18).
online at

Morales, Ed. 2000.
Mack daddy maestros: With American Pimp, the directing duo known as the Hughes Brothers turn new tricks [Alan Moore / Eddie Campbell 'From Hell' movie].
Interview (April): 64-65

Morrison, Eileen. 1998.
Something everyone can cash in on [The Rugrats Movie; animation].
National Post (November 20)

Moskowitz, Eric. 1995.
Comic-book fans hope Stallone is not judged 'Dreddful' in new movie.
Christian Science Monitor. Munk, Nina. 1993.
Up & Comers: Harvey Comics Entertainment.
Forbes 152(5; Aug 30):61.

Murray, W. 1996.
Creator - Lee Falk.
in The Phantom: Official Movie Magazine
Starlog Group Inc.: 48-51.

Murray, Will. 1989.
Captain America: His New Life [film].
Comics Scene (8):70.

Murray, Will. 1989.
Scenes from the Swamp [Swamp Thing Returns film].
Comics Scene (7):53-58, 66.

Murray, Will. 1989.
The World's Greatest Comic Film [Marvel's Fantastic Four movie]?
Comics Scene (8):50-51.

Nashawaty, Chris and Tim Appelo. 1995.
Sly excuses [Judge Dredd movie].
Entertainment Weekly (Jul 21).

Nashawaty, Chris. 1999.
Reel World: Lust in Space [new Barbarella movie].
Entertainment Weekly (October 22): 59

Nathan, Paul S. (ed.) 1947.
Books into films [movies based on comic strips].
Publisher's Weekly 151(May 31):2718

Nesselson, Lisa. 2000.
''Heavy Metal 2000'' blasts off [animated film].
Reuters / Variety (May 31)

Nesselson, Lisa. 2000.
''Crow'' flies again [The Crow: Salvation movie].
Reuters / Variety (June 28)

Nichols, Peter. 2000.
Producing DVD's with lavish extras [Superman movie].
New York Times (August 27): AR 9, 14

Niderost, Eric. 1989.
Predator: His New York Adventure [comic series based on movie].
Comics Scene (8):41-44.

Nollinger, M. 1996.
Generation X, the Movie.
TV Guide 44(7; Feb 17):36.

Novitch, John. 1989.
[Letter; Punisher movie].
Comics Scene (8):31.

Nurmi, Juhani. 1989.
[Letter; Batman film].
Comics Scene (8):30.

Nuttycomb, Dave. 1997.
Not so fresh horses [Vampirella movie review].
Washington City Paper (Aug 22).

O'Connor, Joe. 1997.
Disney's Hercules [animated movie review].
National Public Radio's All Things Considered (June 27)

O'Hagan, John. 1997.
Wonderland [film; documentary film on Levittown with Bill Griffith].

O'Hehir, Andrew. 2000.
"X-Men"; Director Bryan Singer ("The Usual Suspects") returns with a moody, formula-defying vision of the biggest-selling comic-book series ever.
Salon (July 14):

Oldenburg, Don. 1999.
Beyond the family film g-rating [animation].
Washington Post (January 12): C4

Oldenburg, Don. 1999.
Beyond the family film g-rating [animation].
Washington Post (January 12): C4

O'Sullivan, Michael. 1998.
'Camelot': Disenchanting [animated movie Quest for Camelot review].
Washington Post (May 15): Weekend 56.

O'Sullivan, Michael. 1998.
'Mulan': You go girl [Disney animated movie]!
Washington Post (June 19): Weekend 47-9.

O'Sullivan, Michael. 1999.
Best part of film, no 'Mystery' [Bob Burden's 'Mystery Men' movie].
Washington Post (August 6): Weekend 43

O'Sullivan, Michael. 1999.
Kids watch the darndest things [Pokemon the First Movie].
Washington Post (November 12): Weekend 49, 55

O'Sullivan, Michael. 2000.
'Rocky and Bullwinkle': pun for all [animated movie].
Washington Post (June 30): Weekend 45

O'Sullivan, Michael. 1998.
'Blade': Black, white and red all over [Marvel Comics movie review].
Washington Post (August 21): Weekend 39.

O'Sullivan, Michael. 1998.
Buggy ride [Disney computer animated movie].
Washington Post (November 27): Weekend 56, 60

O'Sullivan, Michael. 1998.
High fidelity from 'Prince' [The Prince of Egypt animated movie].
Washington Post (December 18): Weekend 51-2

O'Sullivan, Michael. 1998.
Our new gang: 'The Rugrats' [animated movie].
Washington Post (November 20): Weekend 50, 59

O'Sullivan, Michael. 1998.
'Small Soldiers': Full plastic jacket [computer animated movie].
Washington Post (July 10): Weekend 44, 46.

O'Sullivan, Michael. 1998.
That's ant-ertainment [Antz animated movie]!
Washington Post (October 2): Weekend 47

O'Sullivan, Michael. 1999.
'Doug's 1st Movie' is first-rate [animation].
Washington Post (March 26): Weekend 66

O'Sullivan, Michael. 1999.
'The King and I': Why, oh why [animated movie review]?
Washington Post (March 19): Weekend 44

Oxman, Steven. 2000.
TNT's "Witchblade'' movie lacks edge.
Reuters / Variety (August 25)

Parks, Steve. 2000.
'Witchblade' Takes Things In Hand [tv movie].
Newsday (August 27)

Patterson, John. 1998.
Scanners: Bill Plympton's head trip [animation].
LA Weekly (August 28).
online at

Pearlman, Cindy. 1998.
News from Frostbite Falls [Rocky and Bullwinkle animated movie].
Entertainment Weekly (Jan 23):13.

Pener, Degen and J. C. Pener. 1996.
Holy hearsay [Batman and Robin movie]!
Entertainment Weekly (Sep 13).

Pener, Degen. 1998.
Posing for pictures [Movie based on Isaac Mirahi's fashion comic].
Entertainment Weekly (May 22): 19.

Pener, Degen. 1996.
A weighty issue [Batman and Robin movie].
Entertainment Weekly (Apr 26).

Pennington, Gail. 1996.
'Generation X' film is a good adaptation of comic book.
Albany Times Union (Feb 20):C4.

Perry, S.D. 1998.
Virus [Dark Horse comics miniseries movie novelization].
New York: Tor.

Perry, Steve. 1997.
Men in Black: A Novel [movie novelization].
New York: Bantam Books.

Persall, Steven. 1997.
Family movie guide [Hercules, Men in Black, Spawn, Steel].
Albany Times Union (Aug 21).

Petrou, David M. 1978.
The Making of Superman the Movie.
New York: Warner.

Phipps, Keith. 1997.
Kevin Smith: The director/screenwriter talks to The Onion about his new film Chasing Amy and his career as the low-budget auteur behind Clerks and Mallrats.
The Onion A.V. Club:

Pinsker, Beth. 1995.
'Law' makers [Judge Dredd movie].
Entertainment Weekly (Jul 28).

Pirani, Adam. 1989.
Coming Soon to This Site: Gotham City [Batman movie; Anton Furst].
Comics Scene (7):33-40.

Pirani, Adam. 1989.
Dark Knight Director [Batman movie; Tim Burton].
Comics Scene (8):33-39, 58.

Pirani, Adam. 1989.
Gotham's Gothic Glamour [Batman movie costumes].
Comics Scene (7):45-47.

Pond, Steve. 1997.Highbrow Bat-Sounds [soundtrack to Batman and Robin film].
Movieline (Jul):34.

Powell, Bil. 1989.
[Letter; Batman film].
Comics Scene (8):30.

Price, Michael H. 1997.
Screenplay almost as much fun as film [K. Smith's Chasing Amy script].
Albany Times Union (Jun 13).

Pusateri, John. 2000.
Assassins and children: The mythology of the Lone Wolf and Cub films [based on manga].
Asian Cinema 11 (1; Spring/Summer): 84-96

Quinn, Michelle. 1995.
S.F. studio snags backing to create animated movie.
San Francisco Chronicle (Sep 2).

Rabkin, William and Steve Swires. 1987.
Adam West: The Dark Knight Dismayed [Batman TV series and movie]?
Comics Scene Special (1):74.

Rabkin, William. 1987.
The Cinematic Quest [Jonny Quest; movie adaptation].
Comics Scene Special (1):58-59.

Radford, Bill. 2000.
The Comic Fan: Prequels showcase heroes and villains of X-Men film.
Colorado Springs Gazette (June 4)

Radford, Bill. 2000.
The Comic Fan: Internet hypes X-men movie.
Colorado Springs Gazette (March 26)

Radford, Bill. 2000.
Mutants don't disappoint comics fans [X-Men movie review].
Colorado Springs Gazette (July 14)

Rainer, Peter. 1997.
Batman on ice: Joel Schumacher, not Mr. Freeze, kills the Dark Knight.
Dallas Observer (June 19).
online at

Rainer, Peter. 1997.
Catch her in the rye; In the thoughtful, delightful Chasing Amy, there's more to sex than love [Kevin Smith movie].
Dallas Observer (April 10).
online at

Rea, Stephen. 1997.
'Spawn' is a yawn, a silly one at that [movie].
Albany Times Union (Aug 2).

Reeve, Christopher. 1998.
Still Me [movie Superman].
New York: Random House.

Rhodes, Robert. 1981.
Why nobody wans to be an Aristocat [Disney animated film].
Comics Feature (11; August): 24-25

Richler, Mordecai. 1999.
Glaring omissions from Prince of Egypt [animated movie].
National Post (January 2)

Riding, Alan. 1999.
Asterix goes Hollywood: French comic book heroes battle Caesar in = action movie
Ottawa Citizen (February 13)

Risko, Robert. 1999.
Oscar's Greenroom [caricature of women in the movies and their fashions].
New Yorker (March 22): 124

Ritter, Malcolm. 1999.
At the Movies: `Toy Story 2' [animation].
Associated Press (November 23)

Robinson, F. F. 1989.
[Letter; Batman film].
Comics Scene (8):31.

Robischon, Noah. 1999.
In 'toon. Japanimation rules on the Web. Can it take over U.S. movie screens?
Entertainment Weekly (October 29): 121

Roddick, Tim. 1989.
[Letter; Judger Dredd film; RoboCop].
Comics Scene (8):31.

Rodman, Howard A. 1989.
They shoot comic books, don't they [Movies and Comics]?
American Film 14(May):34-9.

Rosenberg, Scott. 1995.
All in the family [Crumb movie].
San Francisco Examiner (May 26).

Ross, Andrew. 1990.
Ballots, Bullets, or Batman [movie].
Screen 31 (1; Spring): 26-44.

Ross, Bob. 1996.
Topic: Comic book characters [in movies].
Tampa Tribune (Oct 9).

Ross, Lillian. 2000.
Jeffrey Katzenberg's road to the gold [Dreamworks SKG animated movie "The Road to El Dorado"].
New Yorker (February 14): 25

Ross, Lillian. 1998.
An expert looks at "Antz" under the microscope [animated movie].
New Yorker (November 9): 38

Roth, Anna. 1989.
Stan Lee, comic-book hero.
American Film 15(Oct):12.

Roundy, Bill. 2000.
On the air ["Daria: Is It Fall Yet?" animated movie and lesbianism].
Washington Blade (September 8): 41

Roundy, Bill. 1999.
Comings and goings: Ethan Green, movie star [gay comic strip].
Washington Blade (March 26): 41

Russo, Tom. 1997.
Nothing Comic About Them [Spawn movie].
Entertainment Weekly (Feb 21-28).

Russo, Tom. 1995.
Curtains for Spider-Man [Film Adaptation].
Premiere 8(Jun):21-22.

Said, S.F. 2000.
The Misfits of Zwigoff [Clowes' Ghost World comic book movie].
[England] Sight and Sound (August)

Satran, Richard. 2000.
Pixar earnings jump on "Toy Story 2" [computer animated movie].
Reuters (February 3)

Sauter, Michael. 1998.
Swash to spare [Zorro movies].
Entertainment Weekly (November 27): 87-8

Scapperotti, Dan. 1987.
Mandrake in the Movies.
Comics Scene Special (1):72.

Scapperotti, Dan. 1989.
Under Mandrake's Spell [movie adaptation].
Comics Scene (8):67.

Schwarzbaum, Lisa. 1999.
Second that emotion [Toy Story 2 animated movie review].
Entertainment Weekly (December 3): 72

Schwarzbaum, Lisa. 1998.
We are colony [Antz animated movie review].
Entertainment Weekly (October 9): 54-6

Schwarzbaum, Lisa. 1999.
The king of swing: Disney rewrites the jungle book with Tarzan, a gorgeous and captivating new take on the Lord of the Apes [animated movie].
Entertainment Weekly (June 25/July 2): 101-2

Schwarzbaum, Liza. 1998.
A steely view [movie Superman Christopher Reeves' biography].
Entertainment Weekly (May 8): 66-7.

Scott, A.O. 2000.
Hey, Moose, do you hear an Iron Curtain falling? ["The Adventures of Rocky and Bullwinkle" animated movie].
New York Times (June 30): B13

Scott, A.O. 2000.
Jurassic lark: Rex of the cartoon jungle [Disney computer animated film 'Dinosaur' review].
New York Times (May 19): B10

Segura, Jean. 1999.
L=E9gionnaires et mygales en 3D; Quelques secrets de fabrication des Fran=E7ais qui ont truqu=E9 "Alien IV"[Asterix movie, in French].
Liberation (February 3)

Seguret, Olivier. 1999.
Ast=E9rix chez les Fran=E7ais; Les valeurs attach=E9es aux irr=E9ductibles Gaulois r=E9apparaissent dans un contexte politique charg=E9 [Asterix movie, in French].
Liberation (February 3)

Seitz, Matt Zoller. 1994.
Loony tunes; The twisted minds at DNA Animation take their sick humor national.
Dallas Observer (November 3).
online at

Seitz, Matt Zoller. 1995.
Batman finally: Joel Schumacher's Caped Crusader epic proves the third time's the charm.
Dallas Observer (June 22).
online at

Seitz, Matt Zoller. 1995.
Chuck amuck: The DMA celebrates Chuck Jones, animation's beloved toonsmith [Dallas Museum of Art].
Dallas Observer (July 13).
online at

Seitz, Matt Zoller. 1995.
Uncharted waters: The flawed but fascinating Pocahontas is a big step forward for animated features [Disney].
Dallas Observer (June 22).
online at

Sellers, John. 2000.
Tough cel: After a sketchy start, X-Men comics finally became something to Marvel at [Claremont on movie].
TV Guide (July 15): 16

Shales, Tom. 1995.
[reviews "Batman Forever" movie (6:00)].
National Public Radio's Morning Edition (June 16)

Shales, Tom. 1997.
[reviews "Batman and Robin" movie].
National Public Radio's Morning Edition (June 20)

Shapiro, Marc. 1987.
Raiders of the Lost Blackhawk [Blackhawk movie].
Comics Scene Special (1):72.

Shapiro, Marc. 1989.
Everything's Archie [Archie film].
Comics Scene (7):67.

Shapiro, Marc. 1989.
Heavy Artillery [Punisher film].
Comics Scene (8):45-48.

Shapiro, Marc. 1989.
The Punisher: On Screen and On Target [movie].
Comics Scene (7):9-12.

Shaw, Jessica. 1996.
Gen X marks the Bat [Batman and Robin movie].
Entertainment Weekly (Mar 8).

Shaw, Jessica. 1999.
Cartoon violence [Warner Bros. planned animated movies].
Entertainment Weekly (June 25/July 2): 103

Shprintz, Janet. 1998.
Spider-Man's legal web may finally be unraveled [Marvel Comics movie].
Variety (August 1-15?).

Sicko, Dan. 1994.
Comic Book Confidential [CD-ROM of historical documentary movie].
Wired (Oct):126.

Siegel, Joel E. 1999.
All your worldy f/x [Inspector Gadget movie based on animated television series].
Washington City Paper (July 30): 38

Siegel, Joel E. 1995.
The underground man [Crumb movie].
Washington City Paper (May 26).

Siegel, Joel E. 1999.
Bald retreads ['The King and I' animated movie review].
Washington City Paper (March 19): 38-9

Siegel, Robert. 1998.
Counter-Tenor [Yoshikazu Mera sings theme for animated film in Japan].
National Public Radio's Weekly Edition (February 7)

Simon, Scott and Elvis Mitchell. 2000.
X-Men [movie review].
National Public Radio's Weekend Edition Saturday (July 22)

Siskel, Gene. 1997.
Two popular series spawn sorry sequels [Batman Forever movie].
TV Guide (Nov 15):42.

Skully, Michael. 1989.
[Letter; Who Framed Roger Rabbit movie; animation].
Comics Scene (7):42-43.

Smith, C. 1977.
The early history of animation: Saturday morning TV discovers 1915.
Journal of the University Film Association 29(3):23-30.

Smith, Ethan. 1996.
Icing on the cape [Batman and Robin movie].
Entertainment Weekly (Nov 1).

Smith, Sean M. 1999.
Disney killed my Mom! [animated movies death statistics].
Premier (July): 41

Snierson, Dan and Carrie Bell. 1999.
Toying around ['Toy Story' animated film opening].
Entertainment Weekly (November 26)

Sonnenfeld, Barry, Ed Solomon, Walter Parkes and Laurie MacDonald. 1997.
Men in Black: The Script and the Story Behind the Film.
Newmarket Press

Spiegelman, Art. 2000.
A Family Movie [comic strip].
New Yorker (September 4): 62-63

Spletzer, Andy. 1999.
Yabba-Dabba-Drunk: Andy's Flintstones [movie] Diary.
The Stranger 8 (42; July 8)

Spock, Benjamin. 1960.
Television, radio, comics and movies.
Ladies' Home Journal 77(Apr):61.

Sragow, Michael. 1997.
Hommes en noir: film blanc: A refreshingly small, and forgettable, sci-fi farce [Men in Black movie].
Dallas Observer (July 3).
online at

Sragow, Michael. 1997.
Muscle bound; Disney's Hercules is all brawn, no brain [animation].
Dallas Observer (June 26).
online at

Sragow, Michael. 1998.
Making a mountain out of an anthill; The craftsmen at Pixar delight with the inventive and enchanting A Bug's Life [Disney animation].
Dallas Observer (November 26).
online at

Sragow, Michael. 1998.
This tomboy's life; With the gender-bending Mulan, Disney's head is in the right place, but the heart is missing [animation].
Dallas Observer (June 18).
online at

Sragow, Michael. 2000.
"Chicken Run": The first feature from the creators of "Wallace and Gromit is a plucking good time.
Salon (June 21):

Sragow, Michael. 2000.
"Dinosaur"; Bambi meets Godzilla: Disney goes for the goo in a by-turns gory and sappy new epic of computer-generated images.
Salon (May 19):

Stack, Peter. 1995.
'Betty Boop Confidential' [film].
San Francisco Chronicle (Jun 30).

Stark, Stephen. 1996.
[Influence of comic books on the movies].
National Public Radio's Weekend Edition Sunday (April 28)

Stephens, Chuck. 2000.
Space Junk: Titan A.E. [Don Bluth and Fox animated movie].
LA Weekly (June 16).
online at

Stoumen, Lou. 1975.
Can't Argue with Sunrise: A Paper Movie [photonovella].
Hand Press.

Stoumen, Lou. 1988.
Journey to Land's End: A Paper Movie [photonovella].
Celestial Arts.

Strauss, Bob. 1997.
Casting about for ideas on the next Batman [film].
Albany Times Union (Jun 24).

Sullivan, Kevin. 1997.
The Wolf-Girl from Japan: 'Princess Monoke' Fans Fill the Movie Theaters [animation].
Washington Post (Sep 17):D1.

Sutton, Ward. 1998.
John Leguizamo: Freak [ad for HBO tv movie].
Entertainment Weekly (October 9): 45

Tanhaney, Ed. 1997.
The Bat is back; Another summer, another Batman [movie].
Edmonton Journal (June 18)

Tanhaney, Ed. 1997.
'Batman' movie tries to bring back caped crusader of old comics.
Albany Times Union (Jun 20).

Tanners, Timna. 1999.
Japanese cartoon hopes to conquer America ["Princess Mononoke" animated movie].
Reuters (November 10)

Taylor, Charles. 2000.
"Fantasia 2000": Beethoven, Gershwin, Respighi and Stravinsky meet Disney kitsch in this sequel to the not-quite-classic animated feature.
Salon (June 23):

Taylor, Charles. 2000.
"The Adventures of Rocky and Bullwinkle": Robert De Niro's whip-fast Fearless Leader blurs the line between humans and cartoons, but the rest of this clunky TV remake is stiffer than an iron curtain [movie based on Jay Ward animation].
Salon (June 30):

Taylor, Ella. 1998.
Colonial Life: The brave bugs of Antz and the rabid racists of The Life of Jesus [Dreamworks animated movie].
LA Weekly (October 2).
online at

Taylor, Ella. 1998.
Disney's Asia Minor: The studio paints by numbers [Mulan animated movie].
LA Weekly (June 19).
online at

Taylor, John. 1987.
Storming the Magic Kingdom: When Wall Street raiders went after Disney, they discovered that a takeover was no Mickey Mouse operation.
American Film (May): 30-37

Thomas, Derek. 1998.
Toon Out: The Second Annual World Animation Celebration.
LA Weekly (February 13).
online at

Thomas, Roy. 1999.
Thunder over Hollywood: Captain Thunder and Blue Bolt, of all people, in Tinseltown [characters optioned for never-produced movie].
Alter Ego 2(3; Winter): 31-33

Thompson, Luke Y. 2000.
Crash of the Titan: Disney-esque characters and anime stylings don't mix, but at least the battles are cool [Bluth animated movie "Titan A.E." from Fox].
Dallas Observer (June 15).
online at

Thomson, George H. 1975.
The four story forms: Drama, film, comic strip, narrative.
College English 37(3):265-280.

Tomine, Adrian. 1993.
Foreign Film [comic strip].
(Tower Records) Pulse! (June).

Toppman, Lawrence. 1997.
Bat Bore: Despite High-Profile Cast of Heroes and Villains, 'Batman and Robin' Is Dullest, Loudest Bat Sequel [movie].
Albany Times Union (Jun 20).

Tourtellotte, Bob. 2000.
Weekend Movies: Marvel's ``X-Men'' hit the screen.
Reuters (July 14)

Travers, Peter. 1997.
Will Smith rules! [Men in Black movie].
Rolling Stone (Jul 10):127-128.

Tucker, Ken. 2000.
Caped Fears: Hollywood's track record with men in tights - from Superman to Spawn - makes us afraid for X-Men [movies based on comic books].
Entertainment Weekly (545; June 16): 48-55

Tumbusch, Tom and Bob Welbaum. 1998.
Tomart's Value Guide to Disney Animation Art: An Easy-To-Use Compilation of over 40 Animation Art Auctions Organzied by Film, Character and Art Type.
Tomart Publications

Turan, Kenneth. 2000.
X-Men [movie review].
National Public Radio's Morning Edition (July 14)

Twentieth Century Fox. 2000.
Mutants Exist! Keep America Safe! Mutant Watch 2000 [X-Men movie ad].
Washington Post (May 10): C10

Ullmann, Charles A. 1992.
'Sordid Entertainment' and its social value [letter; psychology; censorship; moviews].
Washington Post (Oct 8).

Unknown. 1999.
Online Short Distributor AtomFilms Gets $20 Million [animation].
Reuters (December 13 )

Unknown. 1999.
Imax sees strong sales for film "Fantasia 2000" [Disney animation].
Reuters (December 22)

Unknown. 2000.
CrestComm up over 6.5 pct on studio plan [India's Crest Communications Ltd, an animation film maker].
(Reuters (February 15)

Unknown. 2000.
Crystal, Goodman In New Animation ["Monsters Inc.,'' computer-animated film from Pixar and Disney].
Associated Press (August 11)

Unknown. 2000.
Hollywood vs. Comic-Book Purists [Grant Morrison, Frank Miller and Warren Ellis on movies].
Premiere (July)

Unknown. 2000.
Spears Goes for Prince's Trousers -- on Film [British animation].
Reuters (June 14)

Unknown. 2000.
This 'X' rates excitement: Stars of 'X-Men' film are hyped, happy, as comic heroes. (July 13):

Unknown. 1994.
[Debra] Solomon does film [animated 'Mrs. Matisse'].
Editor and Publisher (April 9): 48

Unknown. 1994.
Robin Williams film [planned on John Callahan].
Editor and Publisher (April 2): 32

Unknown. 1994.
Some are critical of 'Lion King' column [Disney animated film].
Editor and Publisher (July 23): 31

Unknown. 1996.
Falk is profiled [on A&E's Biography] as [Phantom] film makes debut .
Editor & Publisher (June 15): 99

Unknown. 1998.
Dusan Vukotic, filmfaker [Croatian animator obituary].
Washington Post (July 10): B7.

Unknown. 1999.
Betty Lou Gerson, actress [obituary; did Disney animated movie voices].
Washington Post (January 17): C7

Urycki, Mark. 1995.
Balto [animated movie].
National Public Radio's All Things Considered (December 26)

Vallaeys, Beatrice. 1999.
Petit ou gros budget, m=EAme combat: Pourquoi le cin=E9aste Mordillat souhaite le succ=E8s d'"Ast=E9rix" [Asterix movie, in French].
Liberation (February 3)

Van Gelder, Lawrence. 1996.
The Phantom [movie].
New York Times (Jun 7).

Van Gelder, Lawrence. 1997.
Steel: Tepid vat of cinematic sludge [movie].
New York Times (Aug 16).

Van Oss, Alex. 1997.
[controversy about remaking animated tv show as Mr. Magoo movie].
National Public Radio's Morning Edition (August 6)

Various. 1995.
Miscellaneous News: Comics bibliographies published; Geppi donates Disney art to IMCA [International Museum of Cartoon Art]; More IMCA news: groundbreaking held; Elfquest movie producer named; Campiti holds art seminar in Brazil; NBM launches new format, hires publicist; Rip Off Press offers no-risk.
Comics Journal (175; March): 29

Various. 1995.
Miscellaneous News: Crumb [movie] wins 2 Sundance awards; APE rolls on; Comico revs up for return; Card company cuts off Marvel / Heroes World; Gaiman / CBLDF tour continues; Jar of Fools at Black Eye; CBG hires editor; Black History Month celebrated [Milestone Media].
Comics Journal (175; March): 26-28

Vice, Jeff. 1997.
Maybe 'Amy' will chase off 'Mallrats' [Chasing Amy film].
Deseret [UT] News (Jan 25).

Vice, Jeff. 1997.
Profane, vulgar but 'Amy' is worth a look [Chasing Amy film].
Deseret [UT] News (Apr 18).

Vitale, Tom. 1997.
Lion King on Broadway [play based on Disney's animated movie].
National Public Radio's Morning Edition (November 13)

Vogel, Traci. 2000.
The Dark Side of Pop Culture: Disturbing Animation [Satoshi Kon's Japanese anime film, Perfect Blue].
The Stranger (September 30)

Wainer, Alex. 1994
"Reversal of Roles: Subversion and Reaffirmation of Racial Stereotypes in Dumbo and The Jungle Book"
Sync: The Regent Journal of Film and Video, vol.1 no.2 Spring.
(WWW Document URL: Date viewed: May26, 2000)

Warren, Bill. 1989.
Tales from the Crypt-Keeper [movie/television adaptation of EC comic].
Comics Scene (8):9-12, 60.

Waxman, Sharon. 1999.
Click. Bang. It's Only a Game. Video Designers Shrug Off Blame for Teen Violence [videogames based on Heavy Metal: F.A.K.K.2 movie and Kiss: Psycho Cirus comic book].
Washington Post (May 27): C1-2

Weeks, Janet. 1999.
She's crafty: With the still-spellbinding Sabrina, a new movie and four Picassos (!) on her wall, Melissa Joan Hart knows about wielding her superpowers.
TV Guide (October 2): 16-19

Weinkauf, Gregory. 2000.
Coop de grace: These British filmmakers do Chicken right ['Chicken Run' animated movie].
Dallas Observer (June 22).
online at

Weinraub, Bernard. 1999, Loosening a Strict Film Rating for 'South Park' [animated movie].
New York Times (June 29)

Weinstock, N. 1962.
Fourth International Cartoon Film Conference.
Graphis 18(Sep):534.

Willman, Chris. 1999.
Anything goes; It ain't Cole Porter, but scores for South Park and Runaway bride may be the next best thing to the fast-fading film musical [animation soundtrack].
Entertainment Weekly (August 13): 73-74

Willman, Chris. 1998.
(Not so) fresh 'Prince' [The Prince of Eygypt animated movie's 3 soundtracks].
Entertainment Weekly (November 20): 128

Wilmington, Michael. 2000.
[The Road to El Dorado; animated movie review compares it to Carl Barks "Uncle Scrooge"].
Chicago Tribune (March 31)

Wilonsky, Robert. 1999.
Blue movie: Everyone's a little too animated in this thrill-seeking cartoon ['Perfect Blue' anime].
Dallas Observer (December 2).
online at

Wilonsky, Robert. 2000.
Squirrel meat: Animated duo return in a very Rockroad movie [Jay Ward's Bullwinkle].
Dallas Observer (June 29).
online at

Wilonsky, Robert. 2000.
Win, lose, or draw; Or: How do you bring a comic book to life without killing a superhero? [movies including X-Men].
Dallas Observer (July 13).
online at

Wilonsky, Robert. 2000.
Zzzzzz-men: Marvel's mutants are a modest squad of dullards in this frustrating adaptation [X-Men movie].
Dallas Observer (July 13).
online at Wloszczyna, Susan. 2000.
Talk is cheap for expressive horse Altivo [animated movie "The Road to El Dorado"].
USA Today (March 24): 1E

Wloszczyna, Susan. 1997.
Tarzan, lord of jungle flicks: TV's 32-movie marathon demonstrates he's still a hero for all ages.
USA Today (Jun 4).

Woo, Elaine. 1999.
Kirk Alyn; played 1st movie Superman.
Los Angeles Times (March 17)

Worth, Larry. 1997.
'Lion' Share of the Credit [Disney's 'The Lion King' play adaptation of animated movie].
New York Post (November 13)

Worth, Larry. 1997.
'Triumph' for ex-"Beauty' [Susan Egan, Meg, in "Hercules" Disney animated movie].
New York Post (October 23).

Worth, Larry. 1998.
Fire-Breathing Is Draggin'. ["Quest for Camelot" Animated Movie Review].
New York Post (May 15)

Yates, Richard. 1989.
[Letter; film adaptations of comics].
Comics Scene (7):42.

Yokota, Fumie and Kimberly M. Thompson. 2000.
Violence in G-rated animated films.
Journal of the American Medical Association 283 (20; May 24/31): 2716-2720

Zahed, Ramin. 1997.
Batty predictions [Batman and Robin film].
Movieline (Jun):68-70.

Zarroli, Jim. 1995.
[stock offering by computer animation firm who did Disney film 'Toy Story'].
National Public Radio's Morning Edition (November 30)

Zehme, Bill. 1989.
Batman [Michael Keaton; movie].
Rolling Stone (555; Jun 29):38.