comics research bibliography: Caricature

Based on the comics research bibliography, copyright 2002 by John Bullough and Michael Rhode.

[Unknown.] 1996.
Maliciously yours [caricature art, National Portrait Gallery].
The Economist 340(7985; Sep 28):101.

[Unknown.] 1997.
Curiosities from the stacks of the Liibrary of Congress: War games [playing cards by Mexican caricaturist Antonio Arias Bernal with WWII political cartoons].
Civilization (Dec):20.

[Unknown.] 1998.
A Correction: The Celebrity Caricature Book is from New Haven: Yale University.
Immagini and Fumetti (7; Mar).

[Unknown] 1983
"Cartoons and Caricatures (Kent University Archives)"
History Today, vol.33, June pp.58

[Unknown] 1986
"Caricaturing China's Deng: The Face of Reform"
Newsweek Sept.1, pp.57

A., W. 1963.
Caricature and cartoon, in Encyclopedia Brittanica, Volume 4, pp. 905-915.
Chicago, IL: William Benton.

Achenbach, Joel. 1991.
Why Things Are: Caricatures of Life [David Levin; Berkely Breathed; Paul Conrad; Pat Oliphant].
Washington Post (Nov 22):B5.

Aciman, Andre. 1998.
In search of Proust [caricature by Sorel].
New Yorker (December 28): 80

Acocella, Joan. 1999.
Shrink to fit: A new biography puts Hillary Clinton on the couch [caricature by Steve Brodner].
New Yorker (December 13): 98

Albertson, Karla Klein. 1998.
Celebrity Caricature in America.
Antiques and the Arts Weekly (July 24).

Alexander, David. 1998.
Richard Newton and English Caricature in the 1790s.
Manchester: University of Manchester Press

Alexandre, Arsene. 1892.
L'Art du rire et de la caricature [in French].

Alhoy, Maurice, Louis Huart and Ch. Philipou. 1839-1840.
Musee Pour Rire, dessins par tous les caricaturistes de Paris [French caricature].

Allen, Bruce. 1982.
Caricature as a 'democratic' art [book reviews].
Christian Science Monitor (Apr 28).

Allen, Henry. 1998.
When the Gods are in a few details: At the National Portrait Gallery: Celebrity caricatures explore the mysteries of recognition.
Washington Post (April 19): G1, G4.

Amon Carter Museum of Western Art. 1976.
The Image of America in Caricature & Cartoon.
Fort Worth: Amon Carter Museum of Western Art.

Anderson, Philip S. 1997.
Sinatra and his shadow [letter; Edward Sorel's caricature].
New Yorker (Dec 1):16.

Angell, Roger. 1999.
Baseball's quiet man [DiMaggio caricature by Levine].
New Yorker (March 22): 42

Appel, John and Selma Appel. 1986.
Anti-Semitism in American Caricature.
Society 24(1; Nov/Dec):78-83.

Arnold-Forster, Kate & Nigel Tallis. 1989
The bruising apothecary: images of pharmacy and medicine in caricature
London: Pharmaceutical Press.

Avery, H. 1968.
Misaubin and Veron, Butts of the Caricaturists [France].
in Papers Presented at the XXI International Congress of the History of Medicine

Backer, Dan. 1996.
Uniting Mugwumps and the Masses: Puck's Role in Gilded Age Politics [caricature].
University of Virginia:

Balcioglu, Semih and Ferit Ongoren. 1993.
Elli Yilin Turk Mizahi ve Karikaturu [50 years of Turkish humor and caricature].
Gosteri (September).

Balliett, Whitney. 1998.
Sitting in [caricature illustration by Barry Blitt].
Atlantic Monthly (Jan).

Bates, William. 1879.
George Cruikshank: The Artist, the Humorist, the Man [English caricature].

Becatti, Giovanni, & Mario Bussagli, Werner Hofmann, Wilhelm Staude, Shinichi Tani, 1960
"Comic Art and Caricature"
Encyclopedia of World Art Vol.III, Mc Graw-Hill, London, pp.754-776

Berleux, Jean. 1890.
Le caricature politique en France pendant la guerre, le siege de Paris et la commune 1870-1871.

Blitt, Barry. 1999.
Andy Richter's Life After Conan: A Memoir [caricature].
Entertainment Weekly (October 9): 16

Blitt, Barry. 1999.
From The People Who Brought You "Being John Malkovich" [caricature].
Entertainment Weekly (November 5): 16

Blitt, Barry. 1999.
Pokemon - Gotta Cast 'Em All! [caricature].
Entertainment Weekly (November 19): 24

Blitt, Barry. 1999.
Who Wants To Be A Game Show Host? [caricature].
Entertainment Weekly (October 22): 16

Blitt, Barry. 1998.
Flavors of the Month [caricatures].
Entertainment Weekly (August 21/28): 16.

Blum, A. 1918.
La Caricature Politique en France sous la Seconde Republique.

Blyth, R.H. 1956
"The History of Japanese Caricature"
chapter 17 in Oriental Humour, Hokuseido Press, Tokyo, pp.284-296

Born, Wolfgang. 1944.
The Nature and History of Medical Caricature.
Ciba Symposia 6 (8; November): 1910-1924

Boyer, Peter J. 1998.
Scott Ritter's Private War [illustrated with David Levine caricatures].
New Yorker (November 9): 56-73

Branch, Taylor. 2000.
Roll over, Madison: How we learned to hate Washington [caricature by Sore l].
New Yorker (January 24): 82

Brodner, Steve. 1998.
Afterlife: A scenario for Washington's soon-to-be-former mayor for life [caricature].
Washington Post Magazine (June 14): 16-7.

Brodner, Steve. 1999.
Turkey day [political caricature].
New Yorker (November 29): cover

Brodner, Steve. 1999.
The Making of Caricature 2000: Bill Bradley.
Washington Post Magazine (October 10): 12-13

Brodner, Steve. 1999.
The Making of Caricature 2000: Elizabeth Dole.
Washington Post Magazine (August 8): 14-15

Brodner, Steve. 2000.
The Making of Caricature 2000: George W. Bush.
Washington Post Magazine (February 6): 14-15

Brodner, Steve. 1999.
The Making of the Caricature 2000.
Washington Post Magazine (June 27): 14-15

Brodner, Steve. 1999.
101 Damnations [political cartoon/caricature)
New Yorker (February 1): 44-4

Brown Price, Aimee. 1983
"Official Artists and Not-So-Official Art: Covert Caricatures in Nineteenth-Century France"
Art Journal vol.43 no.4, Winter pp.365-370

Brown Price, Aimee. 1991
"Puvis de Chavannes's Caricatures: Manifestoes, Commentary, Expressions"
The Art Bulletin, vol.73 no.1 March pp.119-140

Browne, Ray B. 1994.
Animation, Caricature and Gag and Political Cartoons in the United States and Canada: An International Bibliography by John A. Lent [Book Review].
Journal of Popular Culture 28(2; Fall).

Bruhn, Thomas P. 1998.
"A Gentle, If Sometimes Mordant Irony": The Life and times of Al Frueh. Caricature and Cartoon in Twentieth-Century America (May 15-16).
Washington, DC.

Bunker, Gary L. 1992
"Antebellum Caricature and Woman's Sphere"
Journal of Women's History vol.3 no.3, Winter pp.6-43

Burant, Jim. 1992.
Exhibitionists show off at cartoon museum [Canadian Museum of Caricature].
Caricature 3(2):1-4.

Burant, Jim. 1992.
New directions in acquisition [Canadian Museum of Caricature].
Caricature 3(2):8.

Burant, Jim. 1992.
Take care of the collections [Canadian Museum of Caricature]!
Caricature 3(2):2-3.

Burke, Kathleen. 1998.
Celebrity Caricature: At the National Portrait Gallery, American icons revealed [exhibit].
Smithsonian (May): 68-70.

Canadian Centre for Caricature (Craig Layng). 1989.
Whose zoo? Beastly caricatures of political animals [political cartoons exhibit].
Ottawa: National Archives of Canada.

Canadian Centre for Caricature (Craig Layng). 1990.
Red tape blues [political cartoons exhibit].
Ottawa: National Archives of Canada.

Canadian Centre for Caricature (Craig Layng). 1990.
We are amused! Her Majesty's loyal Canadian jesters give the royal family the royal treatment [political cartoons exhibit].
Ottawa: National Archives of Canada.

Canadian Centre for Caricature (Craig Layng). 1991.
The greatest show of mirth: Experience the magic and excitement of a three-ring political circus [political cartoons exhibit].
Ottawa: National Archives of Canada.

Canadian Centre for Caricature (Susan North). 1989.
The Rogue's Gallery [political cartoons exhibit].
Ottawa: National Archives of Canada.

Canadian Museum of Caricature (Craig Layng). 1992.
For Better or For Worse: It's The Cartoon World of Lynn Johnston [exhibit brochure].
Ottawa: National Archives of Canada.

Canadian Museum of Caricature (Craig Layng). 1993.
A wrench in the works: cartoonists' views of Canada's political machinery [exhibit brochure].
Ottawa: National Archives of Canada.

Canadian Museum of Caricature (Craig Layng). 1993.
Green & bear it: The environmentally-friendly humour of Pijet, Marc, Kara and Yayo [exhibit].
Ottawa: National Archives of Canada.

Canadian Museum of Caricature (Jim Burant). 1992.
The perils of peacekeeping: Canada and world affairs after 1945 [political cartoons exhibit].
Ottawa: National Archives of Canada.

Canadian Museum of Caricature (Terresa McIntosh). 1991.
Humour under fire [World War II cartoons exhibit].
Ottawa: National Archives of Canada.

Carter, Bill. 1998.
The Thursday-night massacre [caricatures by Barry Blitt].
New York Times Magazine (September 20): 65-8.

Caruso, Enrico. 1977.
Caruso's caricatures.
New York : Dover Publications

Cary, Elizabeth Luther. 1907.
Honore Daumier [French caricature].
New York

Cassidy, John. 1999.
The Blair Project [Scarfe caricature of Tony Blair].
New Yorker (December 6): 116

Ceviker, Turgut. 1997.
Karikatur Uzerine Yazilar [writings on caricature].
Iris Yayinlari.

Chalk, Philip. 2000.
The cartoon election 2000: A handy pocket preview for voters [caricature].
Regardie's Power 2 (1; January-February): 110-111

Cham (Amedee de Noe). 186? Folies caricatures [in French].

Chaney, JA and P Folk. 1993.
A profession in caricature. Changing attitudes toward nursing in the American Medical News, 1960-1989.
Nursing History Review (1): 181-202

Chang, Suna. 1998.
Trends [Meanie Baby celebrity caricature dolls].
Entertainment Weekly (December 4): 18

Chapman, Chip. 1996.
Mr. Hill, the Caricaturist; Draper Hill on Nast, Keppler, Low, Rockwell -- and Himself.
AAEC (Association of American Editorial Cartoonists) Notebook (Winter)

Childs, Elizabeth C. 1983
"Big Trouble: Daumier, Gargantua, and the Censorship of Political Caricature"

Christie, Michael. 2000.
Mexican Election Is Just a Joke in Cyberspace [caricature].
Reuters (June 1)

Cohn, Albert M. 1924.
A Catalogue Raisonne (George Cruikshank) [English caricature].

Colley, Linda. 1985
"Caricatures a la mode (Yale Centre for British Art)"
History Today vol.35 February pp.7-8

Collins, Anne Fine. 1998.
Madeline's papa [Ludwig Bemelmans, French cartoonist, caricaturist & children's book author].
Vanity Fair (July): 117-130.

Coupe, W.A. 1969
"Observations on a Theory of Political Caricature"
Comparative Studies in Society and History, Cambridge UP, vol.11 no.2 January pp.79-95

Cox, Beverly J. & Denna Jones Anderson. 1985.
Miguel Covarrubias Caricatures.
Washington: Smithsonian Institution Pres

Crafton, Donald. 1990.
Emile Cohl, caricature, and film.
Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Cuno, James. 1983
"Charles Philipon, La Maison Aubert, and the Business of Caricature in Paris, 1829-41"
Art Journal vol.43 no.4, Winter. pp.347-354

Curtis, C. Perry Jr. 1997.
Apes and Angels: The Irishman in Victorian Caricature, revised ed.
Washington: Smithsonian Institution Press.

Davenport, Guy. 1999.
Poet, Madman, Lover [Sorel caricature of Ezra Pound].
Washington Post Book World (March 14): 1

Demm, Eberhard. 1993
"Propaganda and Caricature in the First World War"
Journal of Contemporary History Vol.28 pp.163-192

Dirda, Michael. 1997.
A garland for Max [caricaturist Beerbohm and collector Mark Samuels Lasner].
Washington Post Book World (Dec 21):15.

Dodd, Robert H. 1916. Cruikshankiana [English caricature].
New York

Dolan, Jay P. 1991
"Pat-Riots to Patriots: American Irish in Caricature and Comic Art. Michigan State Museum, Traveling Exhibit, 1990."
Journal of American Ethnic History, vol.11 no.1, Fall. pp.122-3

Donald, Diana. 1996.
The Age of Caricature: Satirical Prints in the Reign of George III.
New Haven: Yale University Press

Donohue, Marlena. 1991.
A roadside urban morality play [political caricaturist Robbie Conal].
Christian Science Monitor (Mar 4).

Douglas, Claire. 2000.
Shrink-wrapped [caricature of Hillary Clinton by Richard Thompson].
Washington Post Book World (January 2): 3

Drake, T.G.H. 1942.
The Medical Caricatures of Thomas Rowlandson.
Bulletin of the History of Medicine (July)

Drake, T.G.H. 1944.
English Caricatures of Medical Interest, circa 1800.
Ciba Symposia 6 (8; November): 1925-1932

Duke, Sara W. 1998.
With Crayon and Ink: The Masses and the Revolution in Cartooning Caricature and Cartoon in Twentieth-Century America (May 15-16)
Washington, DC.

Eisenberg, Albert C. 1997.
Labeling officials unfair to citizens [letter on editorial cartoons from caricatured official].
Northern Virginia Sun Weekly (Dec 18):8.

Epstein, Joseph. 1997.
Portraits by Max: Max Beerbohm and the art of puncturing pretension [British caricatures].
New Yorker (Dec 8):108-110.

Fallows, James. 1999.
The policital scientist [caricature of Harold Varmus by David Levine].
New Yorker (June 7): 66

Fallows, James. 2000.
An acquired taste [illustrated with Gore caricatures by Oliphant].
Atlantic Monthly (July): 33-53

Feaver, William and Ann Gould. 1981.
Masters of caricature from Hogarth and Gillray to Scarfe and Levine.
New York: Knopf.

Feiffer, Jules. 1998.
Paul Conrad, Robert Osborn, Pat Oliphant, David Levine and Ed Sorel [political cartoonists and caricaturists].
Civilization (Jun/Jul).

Fisher, Marc. 1995.
A Fast-paste night of protest: Activist-artist Robbie Conal and his latest crew poster the town [political caricatures].
Washington Post (May 22).

Foreman, William. 1999.
Taiwanese Company Pulls Hitler [caricature] Ads.
Associated Press (November 23)

Frank, Jeffrey. 1999.
Boy in the bubble [Oliphant caricature of Clinton and Stephanopoulos].
New Yorker (March 22): 107

Friedman, Drew. 2000.
Pop quiz, hot shots [caricatures].
Entertainment Weekly (#540; Spring): 8

Gann, Kyle. 1999.
One becomes two: Bruckner's Fifth Symphony revised [caricature by Matt Madden].
Pulse! (February): 30-1

Gann, Kyle. 1999.
One becomes two: Bruckner's Fifth Symphony revised [caricature by Matt Madden].
Pulse! (February): 30-1

Gianeri, Enrico. 1964.
I medici nella caricatura di tutti i tempi [Italian; medicine]
[Milano] : Editrice Omnia.

Glusker, Irwin, Edward Sorel and Paul Davis. 1962.
A Modern Bestiary [caricature].
Horizon 4 (6; July): 120-128

Goldberger, Paul. 1999.
Detroit Tiger [Scarfe caricature].
New Yorker (July 12): 28

Goldstein, Robert Justin. 1989.
Censorship of Political Caricature in Nineteenth-Century France
Kent, Ohio: Kent State University Press.

Goldstein, Robert Justin. 1989
"Censorship of Caricature in France, 1815-1914"
French History, vol.3 no.1. pp.71-107

Goldstein, Robert Justin. 1989
"The Debate over Censorship of Caricature in Nineteenth-Century France"
Art Journal vol.48 no.1, Spring pp.9-15

Gombrich, E. H. 1969.
The experiment of caricature.
In Art and Illusion: A Study in the Psychology of Pictorial Representation.
Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Gopnik, Adam. 1983
"High and Low: Caricature, Primitivism, and the Cubist Portrait"
Art Journal vol.43 no.4, Winter. pp.371-376

Gordon, E.B. 1970.
The Significance of Political Caricature during the Reign of Louis Philippe, 1830-1835 [thesis; France].

Grand-Carteret, J. 1888.
Les moeurs et la caricature en France.

Grand-Carteret, J. 1888.
Les Moeurs et la Caricature en France.

Grauer, Neil A. 1993.
Comics gallery's panels of experts [National Gallery of Caricature and Cartoon Art].
Washington Post (Nov 28):G3.

Greenman, Ben. 2000.
If Not Not Elected... [Blitt caricature].
New Yorker (March 20): 80

Grego, Joseph. 1880.
Rowlandson the Caricaturist.

Grove, Lloyd. 1999.
Ronald Perelman, butt of the funnies [caricature in "Apartment 3-G" due to role in Marvel Comics bankruptcy].
Washington Post (October 28): C3

Grove, Lloyd. 2000.
The Reliable Source: Playing With a Full Deck? [playing card caricatures by Peter Green].
Washington Post (January 21): C3

Hall, N. John. 1997.
Max Beerbohm Caricatures.
New Haven: Yale.

Hamilton, Kendall. 1998.
On MTV, a star is slain [Celebrity Deathmatch clay animation tv show; caricature].
Newsweek (November 23): 63

Hancock, La Touche. 1902.
American Caricature and Comic Art: Part I.
The Bookman (Oct.): 120-131

Hannoosh, Michele. 1992
Baudelaire and Caricature: From the Comic to an Art of Modernity
Pennsylvania State University Press, University Park, Pennsylvania.

Hansen, Bert. 1997.
The image and advocacy of public health in American caricature and cartoons from 1860 to 1900.
American Journal of Public Health 87 (11; November): 1798-1807.

Harr, Jonathan. 1999.
The Burial [caricature illos by Steve Brodner].
New Yorker (November 1): 70-95

Hart, Katherine. 1997.
The Age of Caricature: Satirical Prints in the Reign of George III [review of book by Diane Donald].
Inks 4(2; May):44-45.

Harvey, R.C. 2000.
Caricaturisssimo: Hirschfeld On Line by Al Hirschfeld [review].
Comics Journal (219; January): 25

Harvey, R.C. 2000.
Drawn and hung: Off the Wall at Sardi's by Vincent Sardi, Jr. [caricature book review].
Comics Journal (219; January): 29-30

Haslam, Fiona . 1997.
>From Hogarth to Rowlandson: Medicine in Art in Eighteenth Century Britain [caricature]. Liverpool University Press

Hein, W. H. 1964.
Die Pharmazie in der Karikatur [German medical caricature].

Helfand, William H. 1962.
The Apothecary Caricatured.
Journal of the Americal Pharmaceutical Association NS2 (1): 52

Helfand, William H. 1990.
The physician in political caricature.
Transactions & Studies of the College of Physicians of Philadelphia 12 (4; December): 445-74

Hellman, Danny. 1997.
How Do You Afford Your Rock'n'roll Lifestyle?: Joe Waslh, Ringo Starr and Clarence Clemons clock time [caricature illustration].
Pulse (November): 12.

Hellman, Danny. 1997.
Newslines - Commercial Break: Elton John, Bono, David Bowie and Lou Reed take advantage of the facilities backstage at the BBC [caricature].
Pulse (December): 12.

Hermann, Georg. 1919? Die Deutsche Karikature im 19 [German caricature].

Hill, Drapper. 1996
"The birth of the cartoonist's acidulous art" (book review: Diana Donald's The Age of Caricature)
Association of American Editorial Cartoonists (AAEC), Oct 9.

Hill, Greg. 1987.
The Canadian Centre for Caricature, National Archives of Canada Cartoon Materials Survey [unpublished report].
Ottawa: National Archives of Canada.

Hirschfeld, Al and Whitney Balliett. 1998.
George's turn [caricature].
New Yorker (Jan 5):50-51.

Hirschfeld, Al. 2000.
Groucho Marx [caricature].
New York Times Book Review (June 18): cover

Hirschfeld, Al. 1991.
Hirschfeld: Art and Recollections from Eight Decades [caricature].
New York: Scribner's.

Hoffman, Werner. 1957.
Caricature from Leonardo to Picasso.
New York: Crown Publishers

Hollander, Eugen. 1905.
Karikature und Satire in der Medizin [German medical caricature].

Houfe, Simon. 1996.
Dictionary of 19th Century British Book Illustrators and Caricaturists.
Antique Collector's Club

Howard, Lucy, Devin Gordon and Susannah Meadows. 2000.
Russia: The regime's puppet [caricatures].
Newsweek (June 12): 8

Jahn, Hubertus F. 1998
"Kaiser, Cossacks, and Kolbasniks: Caricatures of the German in Russian Popular Culture"
Journal of Popular Culture, vol.31 no.4, Spring. pp.109-122

James, Henry. 1954.
Daumier: Caricaturist.

Jeansonne, Glen. 1988
"Goldbugs, Silverites, and Satirists: Caricature and Humor in the Presidential Election of 1896"
Journal of American Culture vol.11 no.2, Summer. pp.1-8

Jenkins, B. L. 1996.
Animation, caricature, gag and political cartoons in the U.S. and Canada: An international bibliography [review of book by J. Lent].
RQ 35(4):486.

Jenkyns, Richard. 1996.
The pleasures of melodrama [review of Robert Patten's George Cruikshank's Life, Times, and Art; British caricature].
New York Review of Books (Jul 11).

Jones, Harold Wellington. 1943.
Caricatures, Especially Medical Caricatures.
Bulletin of the Medical Library Association (April)

Kael, Pauline. 1999.
The wild man: Remembering Peckinpah [caricature by Sorel].
New Yorker (November 8): 98

Katz, Harry & Sara Duke. 1998.
Monstrous Craws & Character Flaws: Masterpieces of Cartoon and Caricature at the Library of Congress [exhibit brochure/checklist].
Washington: Library of Congress.

Katz, Harry & Sara Duke. 1998.
Stagestruck! Performing Arts Caricatures at the Library of Congress [exhibit brochure].
Washington: Library of Congress

Katz, Harry and Sara Duke. 1999.
Arthur Szyk: Artist for freedom [exhibit brochure on caricaturist].
Washington: Library of Congress

Katz, Harry L. & Sara W. Duke. 1998.
'Stagestruck': Performing arts caricatures exhibition opens.
Library of Congress Information Bulletin 57 (11; November): 276-9

Kellner, Bruce. 1998.
Ralph Barton: Affectionate Insults.
Caricature and Cartoon in Twentieth-Century America (May 15-16), Washington, DC.

Kelly, Theresa M. 1991
"J.M.W. Turner, Napoleonic Caricature, and Romantic Allegory"
ELH vol.58. pp.351-382

Kleeblatt, Norman L. 1993
"MERDE! The Caricatural Attack against Emile Zola"
Art Journal, vol.52 no.3 Fall. pp.54-58

Knisely, WH. 1988.
Adrien Barrere and his caricatures of the medical faculty of the University of Paris.
Journal of Child Neurology 3 (1; January): 29, 52

Koltun, Lilly. 1992.
Biff! Pow! Taking off in a new direction [Canadian Museum of Caricature].
Caricature 3(2):2-3.

Koncius, Jura. 1998.
Name brands [New York celebrity caricatures on paint cans].
Washington Post (July 16): Home 4.

Korda, Micahel. 1999.
That's it, baby [Tennessee Williams caricature by Hirschfeld].
New Yorker (March 22): 60

Kruger, Sebastian. 1997.
Stars by Kruger [caricature].

Kunzle, David. 1992
"Busch Abroad: How a German Caricaturist Willy Nilly Helped Launch the New Cheap Comic Magazines in Britain and the United States"
Victorian Periodical Review vol.25 no.3, Fall. pp.99-108

Kunzle, David. 1983
"Between Broadstreet Caricature and Punch: Cheap Newspaper Cuts for the Lower Classes in the 1830s"
Art Journal vol.43 no.4, Winter. pp.339-346

Lahr, John. 2000.
The vicious campfire [illustrated with caricatures by Sorel].
New Yorker (March 27): 120

Lancaster, John. 1998.
U.S. envoy target of caricature: Cairo magazine lampoons 'Rabbi'.
Washington Post (March 12): A22.

Lane, Anthony. 1999.
Killing Time [Scarfe caricatures of Jim Carrey, Danny DeVito, Jim Broadbent, Matt Damon and Gwyneth Paltrow].
New Yorker (December 27 and January 3): 128

Layng, Craig. 1992.
Cartoons spreading germs of truth [Canadian Museum of Caricature].
Caricature 3(2):6.

Layng, Craig. 1992.
The season to be jolly [Canadian Museum of Caricature].
Caricature 3(2):5.

Leake, Chauncey. 1923.
Medical caricature in the United States.
Bulletin of the Society of Medical History of Chicago 4 (April): 1-29.

Lemann, Nicholas. 2000.
The redemption [illustrated with George W. Bush caricature by David Levine].
New Yorker (January 31): 48

Lent, John A. 1994.
Animation, Caricature, and Gag and Political Cartoons in the United States and Canada: An International Bibliography [foreword by Maurice Horn].
Westport, CT: Greenwood Press.

Levine, David. 1970.
David Levine's Choice: The Artist's Favorite Drawings from The New York Review of Books [caricature].
New York: New York Review of Books.

Levine, David. 1999.
The New Horse [George Steinbrenner & Yankees caricature].
New Yorker (March 8): 58

Lewis, Nicole. 1999.
Mightier Than The Sword: Edward Sorel Fells Giants With the Stroke of a Pen [caricature exhibit].
Washington Post (July 8): C5

Mahood, Marguerite. 1973
The Loaded Line: Australian Political Caricature 1788-1901,
Melbourne University Press, Melbourne.

Maurice, A.B. & F.T. Cooper. 1904.
The History of the Nineteenth Century in Caricature.
New York

McCauley, Anne. 1983
"Caricature and Photography in the Second Empire Paris"
Art Journal vol.43 no.4, Winter pp.355-360

McKay, Christine & Nashormeh Lindo. 1998.
Ollie Harrington: Cartoonist in Exile at Home and Abroad.
Caricature and Cartoon in Twentieth-Century America (May 15-16), Washington, DC.

McKibben, Bill. 1999.
Listening to Lydon [illustrated by Blitt caricature].
Atlantic Monthly (October): 104-106

Mondor, H. 1960.
Doctors and Medicine in the Works of Daumier [French caricature].

Mondor, Henri. 19??.
Doctors and Medicine in the Works of Daumier [caricature].
New York: Leon Amiel Publisher.

Morton, Oliver. 1999.
In pursuit of infinity [Scarfe caricature of Lucas and Asimov for Star Wars article].
New Yorker (May 17): 84-89

Neumaier, Joe. 1999.
Stop your sobbing [caricatures of Robin Williams by Mark Zingarelli].
Entertainment Weekly (March 12): 72-3

Nevins, Allan and Frank Weitenkampf. 1944.
A Century of Political Cartoons: Caricature in the United States from 1800 to 1900.
New York: Charles Scribners' Sons

Niles, Steve (ed.). 1990.
Words Without Pictures [introduction by Matt Feazell; caricature illustrations by John Bolton; short story collection].
Forestville, CA: Eclipse Books.

Norgate, Matthew and Alan Wykes. 1976.
Not so savage [British caricature].
London: Jupiter Books

O'Brien, Edna. 1999.
Yeats in love [caricature by Edward Sorel].
New Yorker (September 27): 92

Oliphant, Pat. 1998.
Oliphant's Anthem.
Caricature and Cartoon in Twentieth-Century America (May 15-16), Washington, DC.

Oliphant, Pat. 2000.
A great judge of caricature: At the Daumier show, one political cartoonist admires a master's gift.
Washington Post (February 20): G8

Osborn, Robert. 1962.
The Sight that Music Makes [caricatures].
Horizon 4 (5; May): 120-128

Paige, Douglass. 1994
The Encyclopedia Americana (International Edition) Vol.5, GrolierInc., Conneticut. pp. 660-663
Patten, Robert L. 1983
"Conventions of Georgian Caricature"
Art Journal vol.43 no.4, Winter. pp.331-338

Palm Restaurant. 1999.
If these walls could talk... A history of the Palm's famous caricatures.
Palm Reader 8 (1; Spring): 1, 4

Parton, James. 1877.
Caricature and Other Comic Art in All Times and Many Lands.
New York: Harper & Bros

Patten, Robert L. 1996.
George Cruikshank's Life, Times, and Art [British caricature].
New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press.

Peyser, Marc and Alisha Davis. 1999.
Perelman the comic [ex-Marvel owner caricatured in 'Apartment 3-G"].
Newsweek (November 8)

Powell, Kirsten & Elizebeth C. Childs. 1990
Femmes d'esprit: Women in Daumier's Caricature [exhibition catalogue]
Christian A. Johnson Memorial Gallery, Vermont

Press, Eyal. 1998.
The voice of economic nationalism [Pat Buchanan caricature by Barry Blitt].
Atlantic Monthly (July): 96-100

Proskauer, Curt. 1931.
Der Zahnarzt und seine Patienten in der Karikatur [German medical caricature].
Blatter fur Volksgesundheitspflege 3 1 (3)

Proskauer, Curt. 1944.
The Dentist in Caricature.
Ciba Symposia 6 (8; November): 1933-1948

Reaves, Wendy Wick. 1998.
The Celebrity Caricature Vogue.
Caricature and Cartoon in Twentieth-Century America (May 15-16), Washington, DC.

Reaves, Wendy Wick. 2000.
Curator's choice: Agnes Ernest Meyer, charcoal by Marius de Zayas (1860-1961), circa 1912-1913 [caricature].
Profile: Smithsonian National Portrait Gallery News (Summer): 9

Reaves, Wendy Wick. 1998.
Celebrity Caricature in America.
Washington: National Portrait Gallery.

Remnick, David & David Levine. 1999.
The Back Page [caricature of Michael Jordan].
New Yorker (January 25): 98

Remnick, David. 2000.
Into the clear: Philip Roth puts turbulence in its place [caricature by Al Hirschfeld].
New Yorker (May 8): 76

Reynolds, Simon. 1999.
[review of Dan Clowe's Caricature].
The Village Voice (February 10): Literary supplement

Rhode, Michael. 1999.
Drawing on Tragedy [Civil War medical caricature].
Hogan's Alley 6 (Winter): 50-53.

Richard, Paul. 2000.
Enfant Terrible: Honore Daumier Gets His Devilish Due at the Phillips [French caricaturist exhibit].
Washington Post (February 17): C1

Richard, Paul. 1995.
The stars of strips forever: Washington's newest gallery exhibits a compendium of cartoon history [National Gallery of Caricature and Cartoon Art].
Washington Post (Apr 30):G4.

Richard, Paul. 1996.
[German artist Heinrich Kley; National Callery of Caricature and Cartoon Art.]
Washington Post (Apr 7).

Riely, John. 1977.
Rowlandson Drawings from the Paul Mellon Collection [caricature].
New Haven: Yale Center for British Art.

Risko, Robert. 1999.
Oscar's Greenroom [caricature of women in the movies and their fashions].
New Yorker (March 22): 124

Robbins, Alexandra. 2000.
George W., Knight of Eulogia [Bush caricature by Pat Oliphant].
Atlantic Monthly (May): 24

Robert-Jones, P. 1954.
La Caricature Francaise entre 1860 et 1890 [thesis].

Robinson, Nicholas K. 1996.
Edmund Burke: A Life in Caricature.
New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.

Rogers, Cullum. 1992.
Northern Exposure [Association of Canadian Editorial Cartoonists fifth annual convention].
Caricature 3(2):7.

Rosen, Hy and Peter Slocum. 1998.
>From Rocky to Pataki: Characters and Caricatures in New York Politics.
Syracuse University Press

Rosen, Jonathan . 1999.
Oh, the Places He Went! When Dr. Seuss Took His Whimsy to War.
New York Times (July 3)

Sanchez, Gonzalo J. 1996
"The Challenge of Right-wing Caricature Journals: From the Commune Amnesty Campaign to the end of Censorship, 1878-1881"
French History vol.10 no.4. pp.451-489

Scarfe, Gerald. 1999.
Ian McKellan, actor [caricature].
Talk (November)

Scheyer, Ernst. 1964.
Lyonel Feininger: Caricature and Fantasy.
Detroit 1964.

Schiff, Bennett. 1984
"A Caricaturist who brought the stars right down to Earth"
Smithsonian vol.15 no.8, Nov. pp.174-179

Schwarzbaum, Lisa. 1999.
Starr-y eyed [caricature of Monica Lewinsky by Charles Burns].
Entertainment Weekly (March 19): 94

Severin, Marie. 2000.
Clash of the titans! [Don McGregor caricatures].
Comic Book Artist (7; March): 64-64

Shikes, Ralph E. 1982.
The face of a joke on the body of a truth [review; Masters of Caricature and The Art of Caricature].
New York Times (Jan 10).

Siegel, Robert. 1998.
World Cup Parade [French giant robot balloon caricatures].
National Public Radio's All Things Considered (June 9)

Silvester, Christopher. 1998.
Celebrity's midwife: The lost work of Kate Carew [American woman caricaturist].
New Yorker (Feb 9):56-59.

Smith, Mitchell. 1941.
The Art of Caricaturing.

Smith, Sean M. 1999.
Escape from Oz [Tom Cruise caricature by Steve Brodner].
Premiere (November): 43

Smith, Sean M. 1999.
Tenderfella [Michael Witte caricature of Jerry Lewis].
Premiere (April): 39

Sorel, Edward and Nancy Caldwell Sorel. 1988.
First encounters: Anton Chekov and Leo Tolstoy [caricature].
Atlantic Monthly (Nov):89.

Sorel, Edward. 1961.
Men Into Monuments [caricature].
Horizon 4 (1; September): 122-128

Sorel, Edward. 1998.
Anything Goes: Caricature after 1960.
Caricature and Cartoon in Twentieth-Century America (May 15-16), Washington, DC.

Sorel, Edward. 1999.
Duelling divas [caricature].
New Yorker (October 11): 82-83

Sorel, Edward. 1999.
People of Progress [caricatures of scientists].
American Heritage (November): 83-87

Sorel, Edward. 2000.
Lost Highway [Kurt Weill caricature].
New Yorker (March 6): 60-61

Sorel, Edward. 2000.
Luce vs. Ross [caricature].
New Yorker (February 21 & 28): 232-233

Sorel, Edward. 1997.
Unauthorized Portraits [caricatures].
New York: Knopf.

Sorel, Edward. 1999.
Hardboiled chameleon [Edward G. Robinson caricature].
New Yorker (March 8): 20

Streicher, Lawrence H. 1967
"On a Theory of Political Caricature"
Comparative Studies in Society and History vol.9 no.4. pp.427-445

Streicher, Lawrence H. 1965
"David Low and the Sociology of Caricature"
Comparative Studies in Society and History vol.8 no.1. pp.1-23

Stuertz, Mark. 1999.
Face off: At the Palm, it's more about who's on the walls than what's on the plate [caricatures in restaurant].
Dallas Observer (May 20).
online at

Stuever, Hank. 2000.
The little merman [satire on use of real-life tragedy as animated musicals, illustrated by caricaturist Roman Genn].
Washington Post (January 29): C1, 4

Sykes, Alan H. 1995.
The doctors in Vanity fair: A gallery of medical men who appeared in caricature between 1870 and 1914
Kendal: Titus Wilson & Son.

Szul, Andy C. Jr. 1999.
Dissin' the gipper [letter on caricature of Ronald Reagan].
Washington Post (February 20): A17

Tapper, Jake. 1998.
Face value [Oliphant's Anthem & Celebrity Caricature exhibits].
Washington City Paper (June 19): 46.

Thomas, Samuel J. 1984
"Portrait of a "Rebel" Priest: Edward McGlynn in Caricature, 1886 -1893"
Journal of American Culture, vol.7 no.4, Winter. pp.19-32

Thomas, Samuel J. 1987.
The Tattooed Man Caricatures and the Presidential Campaign of 1884.
Journal of American Culture 4 : 1-20.

Toobin, Jeffrey. 1999.
The Secret War in Starr's Office [Oliphant caricatures].
New Yorker (November 15): 68-79

Townsend, J. Barton. 1919.
Illustrated Catalogue of a notable and extensive Collection of Illustrated Books and Caricatures: original issues by the Three Cruikshanks, Rowlandson, Gillray and Others.
New York: American Art Association.

Tucker, Ken. 1999.
On the money [Blitt caricature].
Entertainment Weekly (September 3): 49

Unknown. 19??.
Satire and Caricature in Medical History [24 pages, published to advertise Lactopeptine].
Yonkers, NY: The New York Pharmaceutical Association

Unknown. 1999.
Taiwan Hitler [caricature] Ad for German Heaters Provokes Storm.
Reuters (November 23)

Unknown. 1999.
The Picture Writer [Will Eisner].
Fort Lauderdale Sun-Sentinel (August 8)

Unknown. 2000.
Obituaries in the News: John Patrick Lanigan [ political cartoonist and caricaturist].
Associated Press (March 28)

Unknown. 1994.
Siers joins package [caricatures by Kevin Siers, Ron Coddington and Tim Van Ness for 'Faces in the News'].
Editor and Publisher (July 2): 54

Unknown. 1995.
Caricature package ['Caricatures of the World'] marks 10th birthday.
Editor and Publisher (July 15): 35

Unknown. 1995.
Creators is offering celebrity caricatures [Alex Perez].
Editor and Publisher (February 18): 43

Unknown. 1996.
[J.D.] Crowe exhibition [of political cartoons and caricatures].
Editor & Publisher (July 27): 34

Unknown. 1998.
Caricatures of comedians on British stamps.
Linn's Stamp News (March 30): 1, 22

Updike, John. 1998.
Awriiiiighhhhhhhhht! Tom Wolfe looks hard at America [Hirschfeld caricature].
New Yorker (November 9): 99-102

Veth, Cornelis. 1927.
Der Arzt in der Karikatur [German caricature].

Victoria and Albert Museum. 1984.
English Caricature 1620 to the Present: Caricaturists and Satirists, their Art, their Purpose and Influence
London: Victoria and Albert Museum.

Voss, Frederick S. 1998. Mauldin Dons His Mufti. Caricature and Cartoon in Twentieth-Century America (May 15-16), Washington, DC.

Voss, Frederick. 1998.
Faces of Time: 75 Years of Time Magazine Cover Portraits [exhibit brochure; caricature]
Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution.

Weber, A. 1936.
Tableau de la caricature medicale [in French, medical caricatures].

Weber, A. 1936.
Tableau de la Caricature Medicale [France].

Wechsler, Judith. 1981
"Caricature, Newspapers, and Politics - Paris in the 1830's"
Studies in Visual Communications vol.7 no.4, Fall. pp.2-29

Wechsler, Judith. 1983
"Editor's Statement: the Issue of Caricature"
Art Journal, vol.43 no.4, Winter. pp.317-318

Weiss, Harry B. 1932.
William Charles, Early Caricaturist, Engraver and Publisher of Children's Books
New York: New York Public Library.

Wemple, Erik. 1998.
A good pasting: Councilmember Jack Evans is hung up on posters bearing his likeness [caricature; political cartoons].
Washington City Paper (April 17): 14.

William, Chris. 1999.
True colors [caricature of Barbra Streisand and James Brown by Drew Friedman].
Entertainment Weekly (March 12): 68

Williams, Daniel. 2000.
Starring tonight: 'Kukly,' Vlad and Billy [Russian puppet caricatures].
Washington Post (June 4): A24

Wines, Michael. 2000.
TV's impious puppets: On Kremlin's hit list [Russia caricature].
New York Times (June 18): 3

Witte, Michael and Alex Ross. 2000.
Devastating grace [Martha Argerich caricature].
New Yorker (March 27): 96-97

Wright, Robin. 1999.
We invite the hostages to return: The extraordinary changing voices of Iran's revolution [caricature by Levine].
New Yorker (November 8): 38

Wright, Thomas. 1865.
A History of Caricature & Grotesque In Literature and Art [illustrations from various sources by F.W. Fairholt].
London: Virtue Brothers & Co

Wright, Thomas. 1968.
Caricature History of the Georges.

Wu, Suzanne. 1996.
Will Dyson 1880-1938: Caricatures, cartoons, drawings and satritical prints [exhibit].
Times Literary Supplement (4877):18.

Youngren, William H. 1999.
Black and white intertwined [jazz musician caricatures by Barry Blitt].
Atlantic Monthly (February): 86-89