comics research bibliography: Animation

Based on the comics research bibliography, copyright 2002 by John Bullough and Michael Rhode.

[Edwards, Bob?]. 1995.
[Obit of Friz Freleng, the Warner Brothers' animator responsible for Bugs Bunny. (2:00)]
National Public Radio's Morning Edition (May 29)

[Edwards, Bob]. 1997.
[death of Snow White actress Adriana Caselotti from animated Disney film].
National Public Radio's Morning Edition (January 21)

[Lyden, Jacki]. 1998.
Mae Questel Obit [Betty Boop and Olive Oly animation voice].
National Public Radio's All Things Considered (January 8)

[Unknown.] 1942.
Whimsy has growing pains: Animated cartoon prepares to come of age.
California Arts and Architecture 59(Feb):18.

[Unknown.] 1997.
Stanley M. Green, animation artist [obituary].
Washington Post (May 31):B4.

[Unknown.] 1997.
Asia's toonsville [Phillipine animation].
Economist (Feb 22):75.

[Unknown.] 1997.
Book currents: Wile E. Cartoonist [animator Chuck Jones].
New Yorker (Dec 15).

[Unknown.] 1997.
Deaths: Stubby Kaye, comic actor [Li'l Abner play; animation].
Washington Post (Dec 16):C8.

[Unknown.] 1998.
Consider the alternatives, man [Simpsons animated TV show].
Washington Post (Jan 18):C5.

[Wertheimer, Linda or Noah Adams?]. 1994.
Bill Frisell [wrote music score for Gary Larson's Far Side animated tv show].
National Public Radio's All Things Considered (October 26)

Abel, Sam. 1995.
The rabbit in drag: Camp and gender construction in the American animated cartoon.
Journal of Popular Culture 29(3):183.

Abocar, Amran. 1999.
CINAR sells Arthur series to Chinese television [animation].
Reuters (December 9)

Adalian, Josef. 2000.
NBC Orders Six Episodes of Steve Martin Show ["the downer channel" animation].
Reuters / Variety (August 16)

Adalian, Josef. 2000.
WB Berths 'Baby' ["Baby Blues" animated tv show based on comic strip].
Reuters / Variety (June 28)

Adams, Noah. 1994.
Snow White [Disney animated movie compared to original German story].
National Public Radio's All Things Considered (October 31)

Adams, Noah. 1996.
Dalmatians [dog breeding due to Disney animated movie].
National Public Radio's All Things Considered (November 21)

Adams, Noah. 1998.
Rugrats' Voices [animated movie].
National Public Radio's All Things Considered (November 24)

Adams, Noah. 1999.
New IMAX Version of 'The Old Man and the Sea' [by Russian animator Alexander Petrov].
National Public Radio's All Things Considered (October 1)

Ahrens, Frank. 1999
Toying with Tarzan: Mattel secures doll's suggestive hand [animated movie merchandising]
Washington Post (June 19): C5

Aleiss, Angela. 1998.
An epic of inclusion: In making animated film on Moses, DreamWorks listened to Christians, Jews and Muslims [The Prince of Egypt].
Washington Post (April 25): B8.

Allen, Henry. 2000.
Beep Generation: An Animated Discussion of the Coyote as He Gains on the Road Runner [Warner Bros. animation and Chuck Jones].
Washington Post (January 14): C1, 8

Allstetter, Rob. 1997.
The Dark Knight returns [Batman: The Animated Series].
Wizard (72; Aug).

Andersen, Kurt. 1997.
Animation Nation.
New Yorker (Jun 16):7-8.

Anderson, Lessley. 1999.
Oh My God! They Took Equity! [internet animators].
The Industry Standard (December 30)

Angeli, Mike. 1998.
Oh my God! They made a movie [South Park animators Matt Stone & Trey Parker].
Details (August): 116-121.

Ansen, David and Yahlin Chang. 2000.
Building a better dinosaur: The first movie to emerge from Disney's digital studio brings the prehistoric age to virtual life [Disney computer-animated movie].
Newsweek (May 15): 58-64

Ansen, David. 1999.
Take that! The creme de la crude [South Park animated movie].
Newsweek (July 5): 58

Ansen, David. 1999.
Further proof: Toys "r" us [Toy Story 2 animation review].
Newsweek (November 29): 94

Archer, Peter; Harvey Eisenberg and Samuel Armstrong. 1954.
MGM's Tom and Jerry's Merry Christmas [Little Golden Book for children based on animation].
Racine, WI: Western Publishing Company / New York: Golden Press

Argy, Stephanie. 1998.
'Toon time! Animation writers draw new frontiers in television.
Written By (November): 18-24

Arthur, Nicole. 1999.
'The Iron Giant': Heavy metal [Warner Bros. animated movie].
Washington Post (August 6): Weekend 44-45

Associated Press. 1999.
Cartoon theft no laughing matter [animation cels].
Associated Press (August 14)

Associated Press. 1999.
Disney animator's colleciton will be auctioned for scholarship funds.
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette (August 28): B3

Associated Press. 1998.
Actress Mae Questel dies: Lent voice to Betty Boop [animation].
Washington Post (Jan 9):B6.

Associated Press. 1999.
Herbert Klynn [animator obituary; worked on Mr. Magoo, The Lone Ranger, The Duck Factory].
Associated Press (February 4)

Atkinson, Michael. 2000.
Moose in a Noose ["The Adventures of Rocky and Bullwinkle" based on Jay Ward animated show].
Village Voice (July 5).
online at

Ault, Alicia. 1999.
A Virtual Reality That's Best Escaped [computer animation of schizophrenia].
New York Times (July 8)

Avasthi, Su. 1997.
Fox to Challenge Disney in All-Out Animation War.
New York Post (October 27)

Baldwin, Kristen. 1998.
Cooked cook [South Park animated tv show].
Entertainment Weekly (December 11): 16

Baldwin, Kristen. 1999.
Park prophets? [animated tv show South Park].
Entertainment Weekly (April 30): 12

Barnes, Clive. 1997.
'Lion King' Is Ext-Roar-Dinary [Play Based on Animated Movie].
New York Post (November 14)

Barnes, Deborah, Debbie Beyer, Kim Lochart and Cherie Spino. 1994.
The kingdom behind The Lion King [animation].
Disney Adventures 4(10; July 30): 37-47

Barrier, Michael. 1999.
Hollywood Cartoons: American Animation in Its Golden Age.

Barrier, Michael. 1999.
Hollywood Cartoons: American Animation in Its Golden Age.

Barrier, Michael. 1999.
Hollywood Cartoons: American Animation in Its Golden Age.
Oxford Univ Press

Bauder, David. 2000.
'South Park' Parodies Reno on Raid [in animated tv show].
Associated Press (April 28)

Baumbach, Nico. 1999.
Inspector Gadget [movie based on animated tv series].
Village Voice (July 28).
online at

Bayles, Martha. 1999.
Go Hollywood, Moses [review of Solomon book on The Prince of Egypt: A New Vision in Animation].
New York Times Book Review (January 3)

Beck, Jerry & Will Friedwald. 1997.
Warner Bros. Animation Art : The Characters, the Creators, the Limited Editions.
Levin Associates

Beck, Jerry. 1994.
The fifty greatest cartoons: As selected by 1,000 animation professionals.
Atlanta, GA: Turner.

Beifuss, John. 1997.
There's no shortage of tragic history to animate [Anastasia].
Nashville Tennessean (Dec 20):54-55.

Bell, Elizabeth (ed.). 1995.
From Mouse to Mermaid: The Politics of Film, Gender, and Culture [in Disney animated movies].
Bloomington: Indiana UP

Bell, Jerry and Shalom Auslander. 1991.
"I Tawt I Saw a Puddy Tat:" Fifty Years of Sylvester and Tweety [animation].
New York: Henry Holt.

Bendazzi, Giannalberto. 1994.
Cartoons: One Hundred Years of Cinema Animation.
Bloomington, Ind.: Indiana University Press

Benesch, Connie. 1995.
Holy cartoons, Batman!
Animation Magazine 8(Aug):10.

Bennett, Ralph K. 1999.
Tycoon tips from C. Montgomery Burns [from the Simpsons animated tv show].
Regardie's Power (November-December): 52-53

Benning, Victoria. 1999.
Youths pack Tysons Corner for pointers on 'Pocket Monsters' [Pokemon Japanese animation].
Washington Post (August 8): C4

Bennis, Warren G. and Patricia Ward Biederman. 1997.
Organizing Genius: The Secrets of Creative Collaboration [chapter on Disney animation team].
Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley,

Berger, Arion. 1998.
Myth universe [Disney animated movie Mulan]
Washington City Paper (June 19): 39.

Berger, Arion. 1998.
New dogs, old tricks [Review of animated movie Quest for Camelot].
Washington City Paper (May 15): 40-1.

Berger, Arion. 1999.
Growing older but not up ['Toy Story 2' animation].
Washington City Paper (November 26): 40-41

Berger, Arion. 1999.
Boy haunted [review of "The Iron Giant" animated movie].
Washington City Paper (August 6): 44-45

Berger, Arion. 1999.
Boy haunted ['The Iron Giant' Warner Bros. animated movie].
Washington City Paper (August 6): 44-45

Berger, Arion. 1999.
Won't you join us? [adaptation of Jay Ward's animation Dudley Do-Right as a live-action movie].
Washington City Paper (August 27): 40-41

Berger, Arion. 2000.
Why do the heathen rage [animated movie "The Road to El Dorado"].
Washington City Paper (March 31): 40

Berger, Arion. 2000.
Natural orders ["Chicken Run' animation].
Washington City Paper (June 23): 42-43

Berger, Arion. 1997.
Dog days [Mr. Magoo movie; animation].
Washington City Paper (Dec 26):54-55.

Berger, Arion. 1997.
Sea legs [Disney's Little Mermaid rerelease; animation].
Washington City Paper (Nov 14):38.

Berger, Arion. 1997.
Smells like teen squat [Spike and Mike's Sick and Twisted Festival of Animation review].
Washington City Paper (Apr 4).

Berger, Arion. 1997.
Zero worship. [Hercules movie; animation].
Washington City Paper (Jun 27):36.

Berger, Arion. 1998.
Ants and industries [A Bug's Life' Disney computer animated movie].
Washington City Paper (November 27): 38

Berger, Arion. 1998.
Ghosts of Christmas specials past [animated tv].
Washington City Paper (December 18): 46-7

Berger, Arion. 1998.
War and rumors of war [Small Soldiers computer animated movie].
Washington City Paper (July 10): 34-5.

Berger, Arion. 1999.
Kids against clean speech [review of "South Park: Bigger, Longer & Uncut" animated movie].
Washington City Paper (July 2): 40-41

Berlin, Michael. 1998.
North of Hollywood [Pixar Animation Studios].
Icon Thoughtstyle Magazine (December): 42-43

Berlin, Michael. 1998.
North of Hollywood [Pixar Animation Studios].
Icon Thoughtstyle Magazine (December): 42-43

Bernadin, Marc. 1997.
Superzero [Spawn movie and animated cartoon].
Entertainment Weekly (Dec 19):81-82.

Bernard, Jami. 1989.
Looney Tunes and Friz Freleng [animation].
Comics Scene (7):17-20, 41.

Bernstein, Jonathan. 1997.
The worst years of our lives: High school heroine Daria is the girl with the most hate [animation].
Spin (May):30.

Bernstein, Paula. 1999.
Fox Kids goes Psycho ["Joe Psycho & MooFrog Cartoonshow" animation].
Reuters / Variety (December 29)

Bernstein, Paula. 1999.
MTV to Broaden Daria Into Animated TV Movie.
Reuters (December 16)

Bernstein, Paula. 1999.
Nick's new Genius ["Jimmy Neutron: Boy Genius" animated tv show].
Reuters (November 21)

Bernstein, Paula. 2000.
Cartoon Network eyes "Home Movies'' [animated tv series].
Reuters/Variety (February 1)

Bernstein, Paula. 2000.
Rugrats Whopper [animated tv series tie-in w/ Burger King food chain].
Reuters / Variety (February 17)

Berry, Stefanie. 1999.
Dumplings deluge: 'Dango' tune inspires Japanese craze [animation].
Washington Post (August 3): C1, 7

Beyer, Debbie and Chris Golden. 1995.
The man behind the web [Spiderman animation].
Disney Adventures (Sep 30):26-28.

Beyer, Debbie. 1995.
Inside Spidey's web [Spiderman animation].
Disney Adventures (Sep 30):29-31.

Bianculli, David. 1999.
New Toon 'Mission': Implausible ['Mission Hill' animated tv show].
New York Daily News (September 21)

Binswanger, C. K. and Jeca Taudte. 1997.
Urp... Pass the Cheesy Poofs [South Park animated tv series].
Newsweek (Aug 25):8.

Bishop, JM and DR Krause. 1984.
Depictions of aging and old age on Saturday morning television [animation].
Gerontologist 24 (1; Feb.): 91-4

Blevins, Bret. 2000.
How To Draw the WB Animated Style.
Wizard (101)

Block, Melissa. 1995.
Pocahontas in Park [Disney animated movie premier].
National Public Radio's All Things Considered (June 9)

Blum, Geoffrey. 1987.
The many faces of Snow White [animation].
Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs Golden Anniversary (1; Fall): 3

Bobbin, Jay. 1999.
"Olive, the Other Reindeer": The title character tries to help Santa Claus save Christmas in the new, animated Fox special [based on J. Otto Siebold children's book].
Bergen Record's Your Time TV (December 12): 6

Bohlen, Celestine. 2000.
Pride projected on the big screen: Filmmaker's Oscar becomes a victory for Russian culture [animator Aleksandr Petrov and "The Old Man and the Sea"].
New York Times (May 10): B1, 3

Bond, Paul. 2000.
Kricfalusi chills at ["Ren & Stimpy" creator John Kricfalusi doing internet animation].
The Hollywood Reporter (May 31)

Bond, Paul. 2000.
Jones cries 'Timber' over Net [Chuck Jones animated internet series].
The Hollywood Reporter (August 15)

Boon, Mike. 1999.
Doug's 1st Movie is undeniably charming [animation].
Calgary Herald (March 26) 2000.
The kings of clay [Aardman Animation co-founder David Sproxton interview].
Inside Borders (January): 27

Borow, Zev. 1999.
Mystery Science Theater 3000 [Matt Groening animated tv show Futurama].
Spin (May): 94-100

Bosse, KK. 1992.
The use of animated drawings in medical motion pictures.
Journal of Biological Photography 60 (3; July): 98-9

Bouw, Brenda. 1998
Prince no ruler at box office: DreamWorks film far from recouping $100-million cost [animated movie].
National Post (December 30)

Britt, Donna. 1999.
Serving our children tasteless fare [call for censorship of South Park animated tv show].
Washington Post (April 16): B1, 9

Brown, Corie & Laura Shapiro. 1998.
Woman warrior [Disney's animated movie Mulan].
Newsweek (June 8): 64-5

Brown, DeNeen L. 1999.
MTV, where the mighty take a fall; 'Celebrity Deathmatch' pits clay stars in the ring a laugh [animation].
Washington Post (August 26): C1, 7

Brown, Scott & Doug Rand. 1998.
Reality check [animated movies Antz and A Bug's Life].
Entertainment Weekly (December 11): 16

Browne, Ray B. 1994.
Animation, Caricature and Gag and Political Cartoons in the United States and Canada: An International Bibliography by John A. Lent [Book Review].
Journal of Popular Culture 28(2; Fall).

Brownstein, Charles. 1997.
C. Scott Morse [animator interview].
Feature 3(3; Fall): 47-54

Burke, Timothy & Kevin Burke. 1999.
Saturday Morning Fever: Growing Up With Cartoon Culture [animation].
New York: St. Martin's Griffin

Burr, Ty. 1998.
Special 'Delivery' [Japanese animator Hayao Miyazaki's Kiki's Delivery Service released in US by Disney].
Entertainment Weekly (September 4): 88.

Burr, Ty. 1999.
Smaller is better [Rugrats animation].
Entertainment Weekly (April 2): 97-8

Burress, Charles. 1997.
San Francisco's Manga Man.
San Francisco Chronicle (Feb 2).

Byrne, Bridget. 2000.
Moose mouth: Keith Scott takes Bullwinkle by the horns [animation voice interview].
Washington Post (July 12): C17

Byrne, Chuck. 1988.
Animekomikkusu: Japanese animation comics.
Print 42(Nov/Dec):158-63.

Cade, John. 1994.
Roaring music masters [The Lion King animation score].
Disney Adventures 4(10; July 30): 11-13

Canadian Broadcasting Corp. 1999.
CINAR under fraud investigation [Canadian animation company].
Reuters (October 15)

Carman, John. 1999.
'Tooning In: Animated comedies from `Simpsons' to `Dilbert' are = flooding TV.
San Francisco Chronicle (February 2)

Carney, Charles and Allen Helbig. 1996.
The Art of Space Jam [animation].
Nashville: Ritledge Hill Press.

Carr, C. 1999.
MTV Rides a Downtown Train: Boho Boohoo ['Downtown' animated tv series].
Village Voice (August 11).
online at

Carter, Bill. 1999.
Priest Takes Aim at 'Family Guy' [Animated Tv Series].
New York Times (July 1)

Catlin, Roger. 2000.
Powerpuffs: Cutesy, campy and cashing in [animation].
Hartford Courant (June 7): D1, 4

Chambers, Veronica. 1999.
A superstar from under the sea ['SpongeBob Squarepants' animated tv series].
Newsweek (September 13): 67

Chang, Elizabeth. 1998.
My Disney Kitchen [Disney animated computer game review].
Washington Post (November 27): Weekend 90

Chong, Don. 1998.
Work in Progress: Erick Stough, Comedy Central / South Park [tv computer animation].
Alias Wavefront Assistant (5): 30-1

Christie's. 1984.
The John Basmajian Collection of Walt Disney Animation Art [Disney].
New York: Christie's East.

Christie's. 1986.
Animation And Comic Art [Disney; Winsor McCay; EC Comics].
New York: Christie's East.

Chunovic, Louis. 1997.
The Rockey and Bullwinkle Book [animation].
New York: Bantam.

Clark, Tanya. 1997.
'Spirit Princess' moves Japan [animation].
USA Today (Aug 28).

Clements, Marcelle. 2000.
What's it all about? The kids know. Do you? [animation and licensing].
New York Times (May 21): 23, 32-33

Clemetson, Lynette. 2000.
Trying to right Mr. Wong [ internet animation and charges of racism].
Newsweek (July 31): 55

Cochran, Jason. 1997.
Shadow of a doubt [Casper: A Spirited Beginning animated movie].
Entertainment Weekly (September 12).

Cochran, Jason. 1998.
Sum of their parts [Disney animation]?
Entertainment Weekly (Feb 6):64-65.

Cohen, LL, RL Blount and G Panopoulos. 1997.
Nurse coaching and cartoon distraction: an effective and practical intervention to reduce child, parent, and nurse distress during immunizations [animation].
Journal of Pediatric Psychology 22 (3; June): 355-70

Cole, Stephen. 1998.
Bob's your dentist: And adults will appreciate him more than children [Bob and Margaret animated tv show].
National Post (December 16)

Colton, Michael. 1998.
The Dancing Baby's mainstream boogie: Icon leaps from web to 'Ally' to t-shirts [computer animation].
Washington Post (April 13): D1, D7.

Cooper, Douglas. 1994.
Toon town: If Brian Boigon has his way, cartoon-filled Spillville will be one of the first cities on the infobahn [computer animation].
Wired (Dec):94-103.

Cooper, Matthew. 1998.
Hollywood and divine [Prince of Egypt animated movie].
Newsweek (March 30): 62.

Crafton, Donald. 1982.
Before Mickey: The Animated Film 1898-1928.
Cambridge, Mass.: The MIT Press.

Critchell, Samantha . 2000.
Rubble Role Boosts Stephen Baldwin [Flintstones movie, based on Hanna Barbera animated series].
Associated Press (May 3)

Croal, N'Gai and Stephen Totilo. 1999.
Who's got game? [computer animation for video games].
Newsweek (September 6): 58-59

Croal, N'Gai. 2000.
Living in a 'Fantasy' world: PlayStations No. 1 smash goes Hollywood [computer animated movie based on video game 'Final Fantasy'].
Newsweek (August 21): 64, 66

Culhane, John. 1977.
The last of the "Nine Old Men" [Disney animation and 'The Rescuers'].
American Film (June): 10-16

Culhane, Shamus. 1986.
Talking Animals and Other People [animation].
New York: St. Martin's Press.

da Silva, Raul. 1979.
The World of Animation.

Daly, Steve and Anne Thompson. 1996.
A Tight Squeeze [Batman and Robin movie].
Entertainment Weekly (Mar 8).

Daly, Steve. 1999.
Making prophets ['The Prince of Egypt' animated movie's video release].
Entertainment Weekly (September 17): 82-84

Daly, Steve. 1999.
Deconstructing Woody: From caterpillar cameos to a Van Gogh homage we uncover Toy Story 2's secret jokes [animation].
Entertainment Weekly (December 10): 12-13

Daly, Steve. 1999.
Re-animated: The hilariously offensive South Park: Bigger, Longer & Uncut and the gloriously bighearted The Iron Giant breathe colorful new life into non-Disney cartoon features.
Entertainment Weekly (November 26): 102-103

Daly, Steve. 1999.
The vine king [Disney computer animation in Tarzan movie].
Entertainment Weekly (July 9): 36-38

Daly, Steve. 1996.
Before the Animation Begins: The Art and Lives of Disney Inspirational Sketch Artists by John Canemaker [review in Books: The Week].
Entertainment Weekly (Nov 22).

Daly, Steve. 1998.
Disney serves potluck [review of The Black Cauldron animated movie].
Entertainment Weekly (August 7): 82.

Daly, Steve. 1998.
Tobacco Bill vetoed: Childproofing 'Melody Time' [Disney censoring Pecos Bill animated short].
Entertainment Weekly (July 10): 79.

Daly, Steve. 1999.
Bug screen tv; Rather than accept television's limitations for the video release of A Bug's Life, Disney and Pixar have reworked the film's ant's-eye vistas -- and made a visual mountain out of a molehill [animation].
Entertainment Weekly (April 23): 64-5

Dampf, Andrew. 1999.
Sotheby's Auctions 'Mulan' Artwork [from Disney animated movie].
Associated Press (March 6)

Dargis, Manohla. 1998.
Holy Moses! DreamWorks spins the Bible [The Prince of Egypt animated movie].
LA Weekly (December 18).
online at

Dauphin, Gary. 1999.
Japanimation's All-ages Show ["Studio Ghibli, Japan" anime show at the Museum of Modern Art].
Village Voice (September 15).
online at

Dauphin, Gary. 1999.
South Park: Bigger, Longer & Uncut [animation].
Village Voice (June 30).
online at

Davis, Alisha. 2000.
No sympathy for 'Devil' [["God, the Devil and Bob" animated tv series].
Newsweek (March 20): 80

Day, RC and M Ghandour. 1984.
The effect of television-mediated aggression and real-life aggression on the behavior of Lebanese children [including animated violence].
Journal of Experimental Child Psychology 38 (1; Aug): 7-18

de Klerk, L. Ronald. 1999.
Record Covers Drawn by Comic Artists.
Dini, Paul & Chip Kidd. 1998.
Batman: Animated.
New York: HarperCollins

De La Cruz, Donna. 2000.
Eddie Eagle Video Comes Under Fire [animated video from National Rifle Association using cartoon mascot].
Associated Press (April 25)

de Moraes, Lisa. 1999.
Network's Holy Trinity, 3 networks, 3 movies about Jesus [including a claymation animated one].
Washington Post (September 3): C7

de Moraes, Lisa. 2000.
An Extremely Engaging Show for Millions of Women [South Park animated movie].
Washington Post (February 17): C7

de Moraes, Lisa. 2000.
Bigger, longer and bleeped? [South Park animated movie].
Washington Post (March 3): C7

de Moraes, Lisa. 2000.
Two NBC Affiliates, Refusing to Play 'God' ["God, the Devil and Bob" animated tv series].
Washington Post (March 7): C7

de Moraes, Lisa. 2000. NBC Tests Viewers' Intestinal Fortitude on 'Today' ["God, the Devil and Bob" animated tv series].
Washington Post (March 8): C7

de Moraes, Lisa. 1999.
Taking names: One-man campaign fights Fox's 'Family Guy' [animated tv series; also 'The PJ's"].
Washington Post (July 1): C7

de Moraes, Lisa. 1999.
Filmmaker Spike Lee slams Fox's 'The PJs' [animated tv series].
Washington Post (January 18): C7

Dempsey, John. 2000.
Powerpuff pic on tap at WB [animated tv series].
Reuters / Variety (June 11)

Dempsey, John. 1999.
Audiences killing Kenny [South Park animated tv show].
Reuters (April 27)

DeWitt, David. 2000.
Slackers, now animated, in color and a wee bit cute ['Clerks' by Kevin Smith].
New York Times (May 30): B5

Dickinson, Amy. 1997.
The Sound of the Simpsons [animated tv show].
National Public Radio's All Things Considered (May 1)

Dini, Paul & Chip Kidd. 1998
Batman: Animated
New York: HarperCollins

Dini, Paul & Chip Kidd. 1998.
Batman: Animated.
New York: HarperCollins

Dini, Paul. 1997.
A view from above: Superman producer Paul Dini talks about comics, animation, and everything in-between.
Diamond's Kid Stuff (1): 2-3

DiOrio, Carl. 2000.
Crystal, Goodman topline "Monsters'' ["Monsters Inc.,'' computer-animated film from Pixar and Disney].
Reuters / Variety (August 11)

Dirda, Michael. 1998.
A new Homeric Age [review of The Simpsons: A Complete Guide to Our Favorite Family; animation].
Washington Post Book World (Jan 11):5.

Dixon, Chuck and John Calmette (illus.). 1996.
Batman: The Joker's Apprentice [childrens' book based on Batman: The animated series].
Boston: Little, Brown.

Doherty, Mike. 1998.
No nudity or violence, unless it's essential: In Canada, Bob and Margaret's creators struck a deal they could live with [animated tv show].
National Post (December 02)

Dowell, Pat. 1995.
[Merchandising of the new Disney animated film "Pocahontas"].
National Public Radio's Morning Edition (June 23)

Dowell, Pat. 1995.
[Rediscovery of films by Jiri Zrnka, a famous Czech puppet animator].
National Public Radio's Morning Edition (February 2)

Dowell, Pat. 1998.
The Making of Prince of Egypt [animated movie].
National Public Radio's Morning Edition (December 18)

Doyle, Audrey. 1997.
Tv special: [computer animation].
Digital Magic (October): 47-8

Drennan, Danny. 1998.
South Park for dummies: The first season [animated tv show].
Spin 14 (3; March) 70-72.

Duke, Paul F. 2000.
Fox Tooning Out, Closing Phoenix Studio [animation].
Reuters / Variety (June 27)

Duke, Paul F. 2000.
Twentieth Century Fox Slashing Cartoon Studio Staff [animation].
Reuters / Variety (February 14)

Dunning, Jennifer. 2000.
Tatiana Riabouchinska, 83, ballerina and Disney model [obituary; animatio n].
New York Times (September 3): NE 31

Ebert, Roger. 1999.
Guy's a regular Swiss army knife [animation; Inspector Gadget movie].
Bergen Record (July 23): Previews 4

Edwards, Bob. 1995.
[Charles Schulz interview about the Charlie Brown Christmas animated tv show].
National Public Radio's Morning Edition (December 6)

Edwards, Bob. 1995.
[Disney's computer-animated film "Toy Story"].
National Public Radio's Morning Edition (November 24)

Edwards, Bob. 1996.
[interview with animator Chuck Jones about "How the Grinch Stole Christmas" tv show].
National Public Radio's Morning Edition (December 18)

Edwards, Ellen. 1997.
Arthur! Arthur [animation]!
Washington Post (May 7):D1.

Elber, Lynn. 1999.
Voice Actor Plays Woody Woodpecker [animation voice Billy West].
Associated Press (July 7)

Elber, Lynn. 2000.
Faith Hubley Gets TV Showcase [pioneer woman animator].
Associated Press (March 16)

Elber, Lynn. 2000.
'Simpsons' Character To Die Off [animation].
Associated Press (February 1)

Eller, Claudia. 1999.
Celebrity voice-overs make big noise at box office [animation].
Los Angeles Times (December 2)

Emery, Gene. 2000.
Fun And Games with Racers, Army Men, Flintstones [video game based on Hanna Barbera animation].
Reuters (August 30)

Endreson, Lisa. 1998.
'South Park' Rules [letter on animated tv show]?
Newsweek (April 13): 18.

Erickson, Hal. 19??
Television Cartoons [animation].

Evans, JH. 1998.
Using multimedia for patient information--a program about nocturnal enuresis [cartoon and animation used].
British Journal of Urology 81 (Suppl 3; May): 120-2

Facinoli, Dave. 1999.
A nostalgic look back at 'Schoolhouse Rock' [live theater based on animated television shorts].
Northern Virginia Sun Weekly (July 15): 14

Farber, Jim. 1998.
Cashing in their clips [Pearl Jam music video animation by Todd McFarlane].
Entertainment Weekly (October 2): 73

Farhi, Paul. 2000.
Cartoons that aren't for kids: Harvard researchers recommend ratings warn parents of violent content [in animation].
Washington Post (May 24): C1, 20

Farhi, Paul. 2000.
Move over, Dan Rather: A computer-created talking head delivers the news on the Internet [in animation].
Washington Post (May 31): C1, 4

Farhi, Paul. 1997.
Animation's new battle lines: With 'Anastasia' marketing blitz, 20th Century tries to out-fox Disney.
Washington Post (Nov 21): G1, G2.

Farhi, Paul. 1998.
Flunking the ratings test: CBS dumps 'educational' children's shows [animation].
Washington Post (Jan 9):A1, A16.

Farhi, Paul. 1998.
Playing a different 'toon [Fox Family Channel animation].
Washington Post (Feb 1):H1, H12.

Farhi, Paul. 1999.
Trying to save 'The Rescuers': 2 'objectionable' frames prompt Disney to recall video [animation].
Washington Post (January 9): G1, 3

Feeney, F.X. 2000.
All the World's a Farm: Chicken Run and other delights from abroad [Aardman Animation movie].
LA Weekly (June 23).
online at

Fehr, Stephen C. 1998.
Invasion of the money snatchers: Kids under attack by bugs, pigs and other must-have movie tie-ins [animation].
Washington Post (November 27): A1, A22-3

Feiffer, Jules. 1998.
Robin Williams: An Interview [animation].
Civilization (Jun/Jul).

Feiwell, Jill. 1999.
''Iron Giant'' stands tall at cartoon awards [animation].
Reuters (November 7)

Feschuk, Scott. 1998.
Holy Moses! It delivers: It's DreamWorks' biggest gamble, it's the biggest movie opening ever, and, amazingly, it's a big success [Prince of Eygypt animated movie].
National Post (December 18)

Fierman, Daniel. 1998.
The odyssey of Homer: The Simpsons began its journey 11 years ago [animation].
Entertainment Weekly (April 17): 84.

Finch, Christopher and Linda Rosenkrantz. 1998.
Sotheby's Guide to Animation Art.
New York: Henry Holt & Company,

Flaherty, Mike. 2000.
Girl power: Tiny heroines the Powerpuff Girls are taking a big bite out of crime - and toy sales [animation].
Entertainment Weekly (545; June 16): 23

Flamini, Roland. 1976.
Television and the Magoo factor [testing tv pilots against old animated show].
American Film (May): 50-53

Flatow, Ira. 1997.
Science Is Fun [Tom Snyder, co-creator, executive producer, and writer "Dr. Katz: Professional Therapist" animated tv show].
National Public Radio's Talk of the Nation (September 12)

Fleming, Michael . 1997.
Fox 'Toons in to New Sci-fi Film [animated feature "Planet Ice"].
New York Post (November 26)

Fleming, Michael. 2000.
Vintage flicks to return as cartoons [RKO Pictures animation].
Reuters / Variety (August 25)

Flint, Joe. 1999.
Just the facts [Family Guy animated tv show used a real person's name].
Entertainment Weekly (July 9): 53

Flint, Joe. 1999
'Tisn't the season [PJ's animated series]
Entertainment Weekly (June 11): 51

Flynn, Gillian. 1999.
Cosmic thing [illustrated by animator David Sheldon].
Entertainment Weekly (August 13): 84

Fowler, Jimmy. 1995.
Treasure trove: Toy Story beats the Disney 'classics' with sheer manic invention [Pixar computer animation].
Dallas Observer (November 23).
online at

Fowler, Jimmy. 1998.
'Toon Man: Robert Smigel is the hottest animator you've never heard of ["The Ambiguously Gay Duo"].
Dallas Observer (March 5).
online at

Fretts, Bruce. 1999
TV's most moral 'toons feature aardvarks and turtles and... gay crocodiles? Oh, my! [television children's animation]
Entertainment Weekly (June 11): 52-3

Friend, Tad. 1998.
Flash-forward [Matt Groening's Futurama animated tv series].
New Yorker (October 26 & November 2): 192-193

Fries, Laura. 1999.
''Mission Hill'' funniest new show of season [animated television show].
Variety (September 19)

Frum, David. 1996.
[review of Disney's animated movie 'The Hunchback of Notre Dame'].
National Public Radio's Morning Edition (June 19)

Fung, Shirliey. 1998.
Aye, there's the sub [Beatles' 1968 animated movie Yellow Submarine rerelease and merchandising].
Entertainment Weekly (November 20): 22

Furusho, J. et. al. 1998.
Patient background of the Pokemon phenomenon: questionnaire studies in multiple pediatric clinics [Japanese animation].
Acta Paediatrica Japonica 40 (6; December): 550-4

Gardner, Elysa. 2000.
Roll over, Beethoven: Breaking out of their traditional modes, artists chisel out new passions from classical music to theater to film scores [animation].
USA Today (August 25): 1-2E

Gavin, William F. 1998.
Tweety talks tough [Warner Brothers animated character's marketing].
Washington Post (August 30): C7.

Gehr, Richard. 1999.
Turn on, toon in, watch out; Richard Gehr looks at the Cartoon Network and wonders, what about the children? [animation].
Feed (December 2):

Gehr, Richard. 1999.
Darkside Toons [Cartoon Noir" animation movie].
Village Voice (December 1).
online at

Germain, David. 1999.
Pixar Hopes For Third Straight Hit [computer animation].
Associated Press (November 22)

Germain, David. 2000.
Study: G-Rated [animated] Films Are Violent.
Associated Press (May 24)

Giammarco, David. 1999.
Changing his 'toon: Filmmaker Katzenberg takes animation to a new level
National Post (January 16)

Gibbs, Hope Katz. 1998.
Rugrats Adventure Game [review of videogame based on animated tv show].
Washington Post (November 20): Weekend 82

Gifford, Denis. 1997.
Obituary: Adriana Caselotti ; Pure voice of Snow White [Disney animation].
The Guardian (January 23)

Gifford, Denis. 1987.
British animated films, 1895-1985: A filmography.
McFarland and Company.

Gifford, Denis. 1990.
American animated films: The silent era, 1897-1929.
McFarland and Company.

Giles, Jeff & Corie Brown. 1998.
This bug's for you [Disney computer animated movie A Bug's Life].
Newsweek (November 16): 78-80

Giles, Jeff. 1998.
Down by the river [The Prince of Egypt animated movie].
Newsweek (December 14): 80

Gillies, Judith S. 2000.
PBS's Big Red Dog brings big ideas to little viewers [animation].
Washington Post TV Week (September 3): 6, 56

Gilstrap, Peter. 1992.
The dreamy world of 'Little Nemo' [animated movie based on Winsor McCay].
Washington Post (August 24)

Gleiberman, Owen. 1999.
Aye, robot; The story of a boy and his heavy metal friend, The Iron Giant animates a luminous retro fairy tale.
Entertainment Weekly (August 13): 50

Gleiberman, Owen. 1999.
Device squad: Matthew Broderick overextends himself as a gizmo-sprouting cop in the gimmicky Inspector Gadget [animation].
Entertainment Weekly (July 30): 46

Gleiberman, Owen. 1999.
My little monsters [Pokemon animated movie].
Entertainment Weekly (November 19): 106

Gleiberman, Owen. 1998.
Pest Picture [Disney's A Bug's Life animated movie].
Entertainment Weekly (November 27): 53

Gleiberman, Owen. 1998. The Red Sea diaries [The Prince of Egypt animated movie]. Entertainment Weekly (December 18): 50 Gloeckner, Phoebe. 1989.
Comic books: a medium deserving another look.
Etc. 46(Fall):246-7.

Gleiberman, Owen. 1998.
Fine China [Disney's animated movie Mulan].
Entertainment Weekly (June 19): 47.

Gleiberman, Owen. 1998.
Scoring dopes [South Park tv show animators Trey Parker and Matt Stone].
Entertainment Weekly (August 7): 47-8.

Gleiberman, Owen. 1999.
Quicktakes: Doug's 1st Movie [animation review].
Entertainment Weekly (April 2)

Golden, Christie. 1998.
Invasion America [animated miniseries novelization].
New York: Roc.

Golden, Christopher. 1998.
Invasion America: On The Run [novel based on animated tv series].
New York: Roc

Goldfarb, Michael. 1996.
[English animators the Brothers Quay interview].
National Public Radio's Morning Edition (April 2)

Goldstein, Adam O., Rachel A. Sobel and Glen R. Newman. 1999.
Tobacco and alcohol use in G-rated children's animated films.
Journal of the American Medical Association 281 (12; March 24): 1131-1136

Goldstein, Gregg. 2000.
Previews: Chicken Run [animation].
Premiere (July): 22

Gorman, Steve. 1999.
"Tarzan," "South Park" scores shut out of Oscars [animation].
Reuters (December 7)

Gorman, Steve. 2000.
Fox's Animated 'Titan A.E.' Looking for Teens.
Reuters (June 15)

Gorman, Steve. 2000.
NBC cancels "God, the Devil and Bob" cartoon [tv animation].
Reuters (March 30)

Gorman, Steve. 2000.
Digital ``Titan A.E.'' to ride Internet from studio to theater [animation].
Reuters (June 5)

Graham, Jefferson. 1999.
Cartoon networking from Moscow; 'Mike': An island dream for Russian animator.
USA Today (December 3): 14E

Graham, Jefferson. 1998.
'CatDog' goes to the movies with 'Rugrats' [animated tv show].
USA Today (November 24): 5D.

Grandmont, Charles. 2000.
Cinar chief scrambles to avoid delisting [Canadian animation].
Reuters (June 21)

Grandmont, Charles. 2000.
CINAR keeps mum despite pressure to disclose [Canadian animation company].
Reuters (March 10)

Grandmont, Charles. 2000.
CINAR's employee morale hurt by scandal [Canadian animation company].
Reuters (March 17)

Grandmont, Charles. 2000.
Troubled Canadian producer drops another bombshell [Canadian animation company].
Reuters (March 12)

Grant, J. 1998.
Encyclopedia of Walt Disney's Animated Characters.
New York: Hyperion.

Graser, Marc. 1999.
Pixar set to abet 'toon boom [computer animation].
Variety / Reuters (December 22)

Graser, Marc. 2000.
Lucas' effects house 'toons up its plans [Industrial Light & Magic and animation].
Reuters / Variety (June 13)

Graser, Marc. 2000.
Burton Toons Up Web Pact [Director Tim Burton to create a series of animated short films based on his character Stainboy].
Reuters / Variety (January 28)

Green, Howard E. 1999.
The Tarzan Chronicles [Disney animated film history].

Greppi, Michele. 1998.
'Eric' Feeble? You Bet He Is! ['Stressed Eric' British Animated Television Show].
New York Post (August 12)

Greppi, Michele. 1998.
'June Bugs': Cartoon Network's Hare-Raising Marathon [Animated Television Show].
New York Post (June 19)

Greppi, Michele. 1998.
Prime-Time 'Katz' and Dogs ['Bob and Margaret' animated television show].
New York Post (June 22)

Greppi, Michele. 1999.
'Dilbert:' He's Not Great (Even Nude) [animated television show].
New York Post (January 25)

Grice, Bonnie. 1998.
['Dancing Baby' computer animation interview].
National Public Radio's Anthem (January 31)

Griffin, Nancy. 1998.
Tv land: How Bart and Homer Simpson almost lost their voices [animation].
New Yorker (April 20): 46-7.

Groening, Matt. 1993.
Matt Groening's Cartooning With the Simpsons [animation].
New York: Harperperennial.

Groer, Annie. 1999.
Tarzan's desk-top cast of characters [Disney animated movie merchandise].
Washington Post (July 1): Home 5, 8

Gropper, M, Z Liraz, D Portowicz and M Schindler. 1995.
Computer integrated drug prevention: a new approach to teach lower socioeconomic 5th and 6th grade Israeli children to say no to drugs [using computer animation].
Social Work in Health Care 22 (2): 87-103

Gross, John. 1986.
Books of The Times [Review of Talking Animals and Other People by animator Shamus Culhane].
New York Times (April 29).

Gross, Terry. 2000.
[Nick Park and Peter Lord interview on animated film "Chicken Run."].
National Public Radio's Fresh Air (June 19)

Gross, Terry. 1990.
"Peanuts" creator Charles Schulz [interview on animated Christmas show].
National Public Radio's Fresh Air (December18)

Gross, Terry. 1998.
"Peanuts" creator Charles Schulz [rebroadcast of 1990 interview on animated Christmas show].
National Public Radio's Fresh Air (December 4)

Gross, Terry. 1998.
["The Simpsons" celebrates its 200th animated tv episode. Interviews with Matt Groening, composer Alf Clausen, producers Al Jean and Mike Reiss, actress Julie Kavner, the voice of Marge, Harry Shearer].
National Public Radio's Fresh Air (April 3)

Grove, Lloyd. 2000.
The reliable source [Al Gore on 'Futurama' animated tv show].
Washington Post (May 16): C3

Grove, Lloyd. 2000.
The reliable source [Kristin Gore writing on 'Futurama' animated tv show].
Washington Post (May 17): C3

Grove, Lloyd. 1998.
The subject was Moses [Jeffrey Katzenberg and 'The Prince of Egypt' animated movie].
Washington Post (November 29): G1,4

Gutfeld, Greg. 1999.
Monster rally [children's animation].
TV Guide (October 30)

Guthmann, Edward. 1995.
Frank and Ollie: Walt Disney's Soul-Mate Animators.
San Francisco Chronicle (Apr 21).

Halas, J. 1947.
Animated film.
Art and Industry 43(Jul-Aug):2.

Halas, John and Roger Manvell. 1959.
The technique of film animation.
New York: Communication Arts Books.

Hall, Wayne V. 1997.
Disney's Hercules not living up to hero status [animation].
Pentagram [Military division of Washington] (Jun 27):31.

Hall, Wayne V. 1997.
Lovely Anastasia welcome threat to Disney hegemony [animation].
Pentagram [Military District of Washington] (Nov 28):26.

Hamilton, Kendall. 1998.
On MTV, a star is slain [Celebrity Deathmatch clay animation tv show; caricature].
Newsweek (November 23): 63

Hamilton, Kendall. 1999.
Another day, another indignity: Dilbert hits prime time - and gets the job done [animated tv series].
Newsweek (January 25): 62

Hamilton, M.C. 1998.
'South Park' Rules [letter on animated tv show]?
Newsweek (April 13): 18.

Hamilton, Martha M. 1998.
Mobil pumps life into its flying red horse [computer animation for advertising].
Washington Post (September 15): C1, C4

Hanna, Junko. 2000.
Japan pays tribute to its animation heritage [museum exhibit].
The Daily Yomiuri (July 27): 7

Hansen, Liane. 1995.
Beau Hunks Play Raymond Scott [animation soundtrack music].
National Public Radio's Weekend Edition Sunday (August 27)

Hardy, Ernest. 1999.
Animating the Century; Princess Mononoke taps the Zeitgeist [anime].
LA Weekly (October 29).
online at

Hargreaves, Darron. 2000.
You've come a long way, Baby [development of animation and anime].
Daily Yomiuri (July 27): 7

Harrington, Richard. 1999.
'South Park,' getting down and dirty: Unsavory CD passes the distate test [animated movie music soundtrack].
Washington Post (August 1): G7

Harrison, Ian. 1997.
Bigots and butt-heads [Mike Judge's King Of The Hill animated tv show].
Select Magazine (Sep):108-109.

Harrison, SJ. 1983.
Cel vinyls: materials and methods [using animation techniques in medical illustration].
Journal of Biocommunication 10 (4; Dec): 24-32

Harvey, Robert C. 1998.
Winsor McCay Created One of the Greatest Comic Strips of All Time and Almost Singlehandedly Invented the Animated Cartoon -- Then Spent the Rest of his Life Illustrating Vapid Editorials for William Randolph Hearst.
AAEC (Association of American Editorial Cartoonists) Notebook (Fall)

Haugen, Barbara. 1997.
One for the kids [Christmas animation videos review].
Pulse (December): 86-88.

Havranek, Carrie. 2000.
Ay Caramba! ["Go Simpsonic With the Simpsons" animated tv show music].
Village Voice (December 29).
online at

Hearn, Michael Patrick. 1975.
American Artist 39(394):28

Helber, Annabelle Massey. 1999.
Quick, draw: After years of talking and hoping, DNA Productions finally inks a big-time deal [animated Christmas special "Olive, the Other Reindeer"].
Dallas Observer (December 16).
online at

Heller, RB, AR Dobbs and BG Rule. 1992.
Communicative function in patients with questionable Alzheimer's disease [using silent animation].
Psychology & Aging 7 (3; Sep): 395-400

Hembeck, Fred. 1999.
Dateline: @!!?* [ say this nightmarish image appeared in a seventie s DC Comic?..]
Comic Book Artist Special Edition (1; December): 65

Herskovitz, Jon. 2000.
Japanese videogamers look beyond Pokemon [animation].
Reuters / Variety (January 2)

Henkin, Stephen. 1998.
Universal appeal: Orlando theme park plays nostalgia card [Marvel Comics, animation characters].
The World & I 13(3, March): 86-93

Heraldson, Donald. 1975, Creators of Life: A History of Animation.
New York: Drake Publishers

Hettrick, Scott . 2000.
Straight-to-vid cartoon Buzz-ing to No. 1 [Disney's animated "Buzz Lightyear of the Star Command: The Adventure Begins''].
Reuters / Variety (August 17)

Hettrick, Scott. 2000.
Movie franchises mine video gold [direct to video animation].
Reuters / Variety (June 23)

Hill, Michael. 1997.
Rotography: From Betty Boop To MTV [animation].
Form/Work (1, October)

Hill, Michael. 1991.
The Silly Symphony: Animism and anthropomorphism in animation land.
Humanities Postgraduate Conference, UTS, Sydney.

Hill, Michael. 1993.
Animated music video.
Humanities Postgraduate Conference, UTS, Sydney.

Hill, Michael. 1994.
Slave to the rhythm: Animation at the service of starmaking.
2nd Annual Australia/New Zealand IASPM Conference, Southern Cross University, Lismore, USW.

Hill, Michael. 1995.
Rotography: Animating jazz in the Betty Boop cartoons and rock in music video.
3rd Annual Australia/New Zealand IASPM Conference, University of Melbourne.

Hillis, Scott. 1999.
Zoinks! Scooby-Doo celebrates 30 years [animation].
Reuters (October 15)

Hillner, Jennifer and Jessie Scanlon. 2000.
Web Slingers: In an open frontier beyond comics and 'toons, animators are drafting a low-bandwidth declaration of independence.
Wired (April)

Hiltbrand, David. 1999.
The Clockwork Kid [animated tv series based on William Joyce design].
TV Guide (April 3): 46

Hoberman, J. 1998.
Ancient Evenings: Prince of Egypt [animation].
Village Voice (December 16).
online at

Hoberman, J. 1999.
Mything in Action ["The Iron Giant" animation].
Village Voice (August 4).
online at

Hochman, David. 1999.
Putting the 'R' in 'Park' [rating South Park animated movie].
Entertainment Weekly (July 9): 15-16

Hochman, David. 1998.
Reel World: Foley tracks [Disney's A Bug's Life animated movie toys].
Entertainment Weekly (December 4): 62

Hochman, David. 1998.
Epics and insects [animated movies The Prince of Eypt and A Bug's Life].
Entertainment Weekly (November 20): 62-8

Hofman, Mike. 1999.
It's my potty [on-line scatalogical computer animation].
Entertainment Weekly (April 23): 69

Holden, Stephen. 2000.
May a slightly different force be with you ["Titan A.E." animated movie by Don Bluth].
New York Times (June 16): B12

Hontz, Jenny. 1998.
Animated Dilbert coming on UPN.
Washington Post (Feb 12):E6.

Hopps, Jason. 2000.
Britain Animated About 'Chicken Run' But No Sequel.
Reuters (July 4)

Horn, John. 1998.
Do dreams come true [DreamWorks animation including Prince of Egypt movie]?
Premiere (December): 106-114

Hornaday, Ann. 1998.
A charming view of Chinese myth; Review: 'Mulan' is fun to watch. Disney does it again [animation].
Baltimore Sun (June 19)

Horovitz, Bruce. 1998.
McDonald's going after the small fry [by selling animated Ronald McDonald videos].
USA Today (October 8): 3B

Horwitz, Jane. 2000.
'Blue's Clues': Nice Doggy! Touring Show Brings Preschool TV Hit to Life [theater based on animated tv show].
Washington Post (March 7): C1

Horwitz, Jane. 2000.
Filmfest for the younger set [animation].
Washington Post Weekend (April 7)

Horwitz, Jane. 2000.
'Blue's Clues': Nice Doggy!: Touring Show Brings Preschool TV Hit to Life [theater show based on animated tv series].
Washington Post (March 7): C1

Howard, RJ. et. al. 1995.
Activation of area V5 by visual perception of motion demonstrated with echoplanar MR imaging [by viewing animation]..
Magnetic Resonance Imaging 13 (6): 907-9

Howe, Desson. 1996.
Leave It to 'Beavis' ["Beavis and Butt-head Do America" animated movie].
Washington Post (December 20): Weekend 44

Howe, Desson. 1997.
Disney's Myth Conception [Hercules movie; animation].
Washington Post (Jun 27): Weekend 43.

Howe, Desson. 1999.
'Toy Story 2': New and improved [computer animation].
Washington Post (November 26): Weekend 45

Howe, Desson. 1999.
'Dudley' could do better [adaptation of Jay Ward's animation Dudley Do-Right as a live-action movie].
Washington Post (August 27): Weekend 37, 44

Howe, Desson. 1999.
'Inspector Gadget': A Family-Fun Fix [animation].
Washington Post (July 23): Weekend 37

Howe, Desson. 2000.
Cartoons in the shadows ['Cartoon Noir' animated movie shorts].
Washington Post (March 31): Weekend 45-46

Howe, Desson. 2000.
Crash of the 'Titan' ["Titan A.E." animation].
Washington Post (June 16): Weekend 47-48

Howe, Desson. 2000.
'Fantasia / 2000' recalls past, both good and bad [Disney animation].
Washington Post (June 16): Weekend 45-46

Howe, Desson. 2000.
Revved up 'El Dorado' [animated movie].
Washington Post (March 31): Weekend 43-44

Howe, Desson. 2000.
A few good shorts ["Spike and Mike's Classic Festival of Animation" review].
Washington Post (February 4): Weekend 41-42

Howe, Desson. 2000.
'Chicken' plot flies ["Chicken Run' animation].
Washington Post (June 23): Weekend 37

Howe, Desson. 2000.
'Dinosaur': The lost script [Disney computer animation movie].
Washington Post Weekend (May 19): 45

Howe, Desson. 2000.
'Tigger' loses some bounce [Disney animated movie].
Washington Post (February 12): Weekend 41, 47

Howe, Desson. 1997.
'Anastasia:' The royal treatment [animation].
Washington Post Weekend (Nov 21): 50.

Howe, Desson. 1999
Animated 'Tarzan' really swings
Washington Post (June 18): Weekend 47

Howe, Desson. 1999.
'Office Space': Occupational therapy [movie by animator Mike Judge].
Washington Post (February 19): Weekend 37

Huhn, Mary. 1998.
Cover wars at Rolling Stone, Spin [South Park animation].
New York Post (March ?).

Huhn, Mary. 1998.
'South Park' creators want fans to spurn Spin [animation].
New York Post (February 13).

Hulett, Ralph. 1955.
Artist's part in the production of an animated cartoon.
American Artist 19(May):33.

Hull, Dana. 1997.
Bye-bye, 'B&B' [Beavis and Butthead animation].
Washington Post (Aug 2):A17.

Hunter, Stephen. 1997.
'Anastasia:' A magical ride unfettered by facts [animation].
Washington Post (Nov 21): C1, C6.

Hunter, Stephen. 1999.
'Iron Giant': A little rusty [Warner Bros. animated movie].
Washington Post (August 6): C1, 4

Hunter, Stephen. 2000.
Disney's Digital 'Dinosaur': A Cretaceous Bambi [computer animated movie].
Washington Post (May 19):

Hunter, Stephen. 2000.
'Road to El Dorado': Genocide in toon [animated movie].
Washington Post (March 31): C5

Hunter, Stephen. 2000.
Sorcerer's tremendous; But the new animation in 'Fantasia 2000' falls flat [Disney].
Washington Post (June 16): C12

Hunter, Stephen. 2000.
'Titan A.E.': From bing bang to big bust [animation].
Washington Post (June 16): C1, 5

Hunter, Stephen. 2000.
'Vegas': The Flinstones at Bedrock bottom [movie based on Hanna-Barbera animated tv series].
Washington Post (April 28): C5

Hunter, Stephen. 1998.
'A Bug's Life': That creepy sensation [Disney computer animated movie].
Washington Post (November 25): D1, 14

Hunter, Stephen. 1998.
'Prince of Egypt': A heroic feat [The Prince of Egypt animated movie].
Washington Post (December 18): D1, 5.

Hunter, Stephen. 1999
Airborne 'Tarzan': Disney's weightless rendering of a classic [animation]
Washington Post (June 18): C1, 5

Hunter, Stephen. 1999.
'King and I': Royally insulting [animated movie review].
Washington Post (March 19): C5

Hutchinson, David. 1987.
High adventures, duck style [Disney's Duck Tales animated television program].
Comics Scene Special (1):73.

Ingerto, Craig. 1989.
[Letter; Teenage Ninja Mutant Turtles; animation].
Comics Scene (7):43.

Isherwood, Charles. 2000.
''Lobster'' loses taste [play about Disney animators and Salvador Dali].
Reuters / Variety (January 10)

Ishida, S. et. al. 1998.
Photosensitive seizures provoked while viewing "Pocket Monsters," a made-for-television animation program in Japan.
Epilepsia 39 (12; December): 1340-4

Jackson, David. 1998.
A sound track to success: Ex-Devo member scores a cartoon hit [music for Rug Rats animated tv show].
Washington Post (April 18): B1-2.

Jacobs, A. J. 1998.
Gross, point blank [South Park animated tv show].
Entertainment Weekly (Jan 23):32-34.

James, Caryn. 2000.
Q. When's a sheep a city animal? A. When it's on the lam ["Sheep in the Big City" animated tv show].
New York Times (August 18): B26

James, Caryn. 1999.
'Dilbert': Made for People Who Hate Their Jobs [animated tv series].
New York Times (January 25)

Jenkin, Mark. 1999.
Watching the defectives ['Doug's 1st Movie' review; animation].
Washington City Paper (March 26): 38-9

Jenkins, B. L. 1996.
Animation, caricature, gag and political cartoons in the U.S. and Canada: An international bibliography [review of book by J. Lent].
RQ 35(4):486.

Jenkins, Mark. 1992.
Adventures close to home ["Little Nemo in Slumberland" animated movie based on Winsor McCay].
Washington City Paper (August 21): 33-34

Jenkins, Mark. 1999.
Apeman and essence [Disney's animated Tarzan movie].
Washington City Paper (June 18): 34-5

Jenkins, Mark. 1999.
'Pokemon': Cuddly warriors without a charge [animated film review].
Washington Post (November 10): C1, 9

Jenkins, Mark. 1999.
The myth Japan pageant [Princess Mononoke animated film review].
Washington City Paper (November 5): 42-43

Jenkins, Mark. 2000.
Love and 45s [includes review of "Cartoon Noir" animated movie].
Washington City Paper (March 31): 38-39

Jenkins, Mark. 2000.
Bullwinkle nation ["The Adventures of Rocky and Bullwinkle" animated movie]
Washington City Paper (June 30): 40-41

Jenkins, Mark. 2000.
Singleton's big score ["Titan A.E." animated movie by Don Bluth].
Washington City Paper (June 16): 40-41

Jenkins, Mark. 1997.
A devil's playground [Spike and Mike's '97 Festival of Animation review].
Washington City Paper (Oct 24):38-39.

Jenkins, Mark. 1998.
Stairway to denial [review of Antz animated movie].
Washington City Paper (October 2): 36-7

Jenkins, Mark. 1998.
The prophet formerly known as prince [The Prince of Egypt animated movie].
Washington City Paper (December 18): 36-7

Johnson, Kevin V. 2000.
A friend of the Devil is a face of mine? ["God, the Devil and Bob" animated tv series].
USA Today (March 24): 4E

Johnston, Ollie and Frank Thomas. 1993.
The Disney Villain [animation].
New York; Hyperion.

Jones, Jr., Malcolm & Corie Brown. 1998.
Chuckie, Phil, Lil - you're wanted on the set [Rugrats animated movie].
Newsweek (November 23)

Jones, Scott Kelton. 1999.
IMAX; you, Mickey: Walt Disney's toon-not-for-tots, Fantasia returns [animation].
Dallas Observer (December 30).
online at

Jones, Steve. 1998.
'Chef Aid' CD puts Hayes back on front burner [South Park animated tv show].
USA Today (November 24): 5D

Kakutani, Michiko. 1997.
Behind the Mouse, a Subtle Huckster [Review of The Magic Kingdom: Walt Disney and the American Way of Life by Steven Watts; animation]
New York Times (December 26).

Kaltenbach, Chris. 1998.
'Rugrats Movie' adds little to the television cartoons [animation].
Baltimore Sun (November 20)

Kaltenbach, Chris. 2000.
Cartoon 'Titan' is small in every way; Review: Animated sci-fi adventure is all mayhem and very little else.
Baltimore Sun (June 16)

Kaltenbach, Chris. 2000.
What's up, doc? Classic 'toons, that's what; Television: Warner Bros. shows off the early history of some much-loved cartoon characters [animation].
Baltimore Sun (June 10)

Kane, Courtney. 2000.
Advertising: M&M / Mars conclues, after 46 years, that 'Plain' does not do justice to the original M&M's candy [cartoon mascots / animation].
New York Times (June 29): C8

Kanfer, Stefan. 1997.
Serious Business : The Art and Commerce of Animation in America from Betty Boop to Toy Story. Scribner

Kanfer, Stefan. 1997.
Serious business: The art and commerce of animation in America from Betty Boop to Toy Story.
New York: Scribner.

Kannenberg, Gene Jr. 1999.
Proving "Silas" was an artist: Winsor McCay's formal experiments in comics and animation.
International Journal of Comic Art 1 (1; Spring/Summer): 57-75

Kaplan, Janice L. 2000.
The Opera Ain't Over Till the Big Moose Sings ["The Operatic Adventures o f Rocky and Bullwinkle", based on the animated tv series].
Washington Post (January 14): Weekend 52

Kaplan, David A. & Adam Rogers. 1999.
It's a Pokemon planet [Japanese animation].
Newsweek (March 1): 48

Kaplan, James, Jason Cohen and Moira McCormick.
Top ten new Kid's shows [animation].
TV Guide (October 30): 17-26

Karger, Dave. 1998.
'Toon time [Tom & Jerry; animation].
Entertainment Weekly (April 3): 17.

Katz, Jon. 1994.
Animated arguments [Beavis and Butthead].
Rolling Stone (Mar 24):45.

Kaufman, Debra. 1997.
Summer's CG stars [computer animation in Spawn, Batman & Robin, Men in Black].
Digital Magic (Aug):20-26.

Keeps, David A. 1999.
'Toon without pity ['Family Guy' animated tv show].
Details (April)

Keeps, David A. 1999.
Hollywood babble-on [South Park animators Trey Parker and Matt Stone].
Details (March)

Kelly, John. 2000.
Inside 'CatDog.' We talk to the freakish animal's creator and ask the really tough question: How does CatDog, um, you know... [Nickelodeon and Peter Hannan animated tv series].
Washington Post (May 16): C15

Kelly, Kevin. 1999.
One-Eyed Aliens! Suicide Booths! Mom's Old-Fashioned Robot Oil! [Matt Groening's "Futurama" animated television show].
Wired 7(2; February)

Kempley, Rita. 1997.
Disney's 'Hercules': Myth for the masses [animation].
Washington Post (Jun 27):D1.

Kempley, Rita. 1998.
Yangtze doodle dandy: Fabled 'Mulan' meets Disney [animated movie]
Washington Post (June 19): B1, 7.

Kempley, Rita. 1999.
Make-believe magic: 'Toy Story 2' rops straight to the heart of childhood [animation].
Washington Post (November 24): C1, 11

Kempley, Rita. 2000.
'Chicken Run': Welcome to the fryers club [animation].
Washington Post (June 23): C1, 12

Kempley, Rita. 2000.
'Rocky and Bullwinkle': moosterpiece theater [animated movie].
Washington Post (June 30): C1, 12

Kempley, Rita. 2000.
The wonderful thing about 'Tigger' [Disney animated movie].
Washington Post (February 12): C1, 5

Kempley, Rita. 1998.
Small Soldiers': Armed, dangerous [computer animated movie].
Washington Post (July 10).

Kempley, Rita. 1998.
Thoracic park: Spielberg's animated 'Antz' is no picnic.
Washington Post (October 2): D1, 5

Kempley, Rita. 1999.
Politically pure gorilla theater: Animated 'Tarzan' tidies up a much-told jungle tale.
Washington Post (June 16): C1, 8

Kempley, Rita. 1999.
Those little devils; The wickedly funny 'South Park' [animated movie].
Washington Post (June 30): C1, 10

Kempley, Rita. 1999.
'Office Space': Comical in the cubical [movie by animator Mike Judge].
Washington Post (February 19): C1, 5

Kennedy, Joseph & John Canemaker. 1998.
Lucy Goes to the Country [gay-themed children's book by animation historian].
Alyson Wonderland.

Kenny, Glenn. 1999.
"She's available for interviews.": Man's quest for the perfect woman gets down and digitized as cybermodels strut their stuff [computer animation].
Details (October): 164-169

Kepel, Bruce. 1986.
Cadence selling comic book, animation unit; New World Pictures to acquire Marvel.
Los Angeles Times (November 21): 4-2

Kilday, Greg. 1999.
Trial and error [Katzenberg vs. Disney over animation profits].
Premiere (September): 47-51

Kilmer, David. 1999.
The Animated Film Collector's Guide : Worldwide Sources for Cartoons on Videotape and Laserdisc.
John Libbey & Co Ltd

Kimura, Jennifer. 2000.
Clay Animation Studio Teaches Art [Brad Schiff, lead animator for Portland's Will Vinton Studios makes Claymation].
Associated Press (May 9)

Kitman, Marvin. 1999.
Taking a look into our 'Futurama' [Groening animated tv show].
CNN Interactive (April 7):

Klein, Andy. 1999.
Bigger, longer, and almost as funny: South Park parents battle the hideous threat of potty-mouth [animated movie].
Dallas Observer (July 1).
online at

Klein, Jeff Z. 2000.
A new neighborhood for the black sitcom ["The P.J.'s" animated tv show].
New York Times (August 27): AR 21, 28

Klein, Joshua. 2000.
Faith Hubley: The veteran animator talks to the Onion A.V. Club about technology, funding, children, art and her new piece Witch Madness [interview].
The Onion A.V. Club:

Klein, N. M. and E. Porter. 1996.
Seven minutes: The life and death of the American animated cartoon.
Journal of Popular Culture 29(4):239.

Kligman, David. 1998.
Viewers are fascinated with TV's incorrigible tykes [South Park animation].
Associated Press (February 27).

Koehler, Robert. 2000.
''Titan A.E.'' terrific [animation].
Reuters / Variety (June 11)

Koehler, Robert. 2000.
''Alien Adventure'' underwhelms [Belgian animator Ben Stassen].
Reuters / Variety (August 25)

Koehler, Robert. 2000.
''Pokemon'' sequel better than original [Pokemon 2000 the Movie: The Power of One (Poketto Monsutaa: Maboroshi No Pokemon X: Lugia Bakudan) animated Japanese movie].
Reuters / Variety (July 21)

Korkis, Jim. 2000.
Everything old is new again [computer animation and Pixar].
Hogan's Alley (7; Winter): 19-21

Kornblum, Janet. 2000.
Kelsey Grammer gives metamorphosis a trial ["Gary the Rat" animated internet show].
USA Today (August 22): 3D

Koso, J. et. al. 1998. Risk factors in evoked neurological disorder by watching an animated program, Pokemon. [in Japanese] No to Hattatsu [Brain & Development] 30 (5; September): 435-7

Krause, Martin and Linda Witkowski. 1994.
Walt Disney's Snow White and The Seven Dwarfs: An Art in it's Making [animation].
New York: Hyperion.

Kuchwara, Michael. 2000.
'Lobster Alice' a Confusing Tale [play about Disney animators and Salvado r Dali].
Associated Press (January 9)

Kushner, David. 1998.
Play that 'toon [computer animation].
Entertainment Weekly (September 25): 117

Lane, Anthony. 2000.
High times: A lady's flight of fancy, and "Fantasia 2000." [Disney animat ed movie review].
New Yorker (January 17): 86-87

Lane, Anthony. 1997.
Summer Olympics [Men in Black, Batman and Robin and Hercules animated movie reviews].
New Yorker (Jul 7):76.

Lane, Anthony. 1998.
No picnic [review of Antz animated movie].
New Yorker (October 19): 93-4

Laris, Michael. 1999.
Mickey gets China's ear; Beijing lifts its ban on Disney films [animation].
Washington Post (February 8): A1, 12

Laski, Beth. 2000.
Fox Animation Studios in Phoenix draws to a close.
The Hollywood Reporter (June 27)

Lasswell, Mark. 1999.
'Family' feud ['Family Guy' animated tv show].
TV Guide (August 7): 30-31, 34

Laybourne, Kit. 1999.
The Animation Book : A Complete Guide to Animated Filmmaking-From Flip-Books to Sound Cartoons to 3-D Animation.
Three Rivers Press

Lee, Will. 1999.
Mouse droppings [recall of The Rescuers animated movie]
Entertainment Weekly (January 22-29): 9

Leibman, James. 1998. 'South Park' Rules [letter on animated tv show]? Newsweek (April 13): 18.

Leiby, Richard. 2000.
Cartoons That Make Guys Click: Web Entertainment Sites Use Animation to Draw a Crowd.
Washington Post (February 17): C1

Lenatti, Chuck. 1998.
King of the "Antz" [computer animated movie]
Upside Magazine (October):

Lenburg, Jeff. 1983.
The Great Cartoon Directors [animation].
London: McFarland

Lenburg, Jeff. 1991.
Encyclopedia of Animated Cartoons.
New York: Facts on File

Lenburg, Jeff. 1993.
The Great Cartoon Directors [animation].
Da Capo Press

Lenburg, Jeff. 1993.
The Great Cartoon Directors [animation].
New York: DaCapo

Lent, John A. 1992.
Stores won't stock cartoon book [Larry Feign's "How the Animatls Do It"].
Comics Journal (153; October): 27

Lent, John A. 1994.
Animation, Caricature, and Gag and Political Cartoons in the United States and Canada: An International Bibliography [foreword by Maurice Horn].
Westport, CT: Greenwood Press.

Levenson, PM, JR Morrow and P Smith. 1984.
Instructional design strategies for developing an interactive video educational program for pregnant teens: a pilot study [includes animation preferences].
Patient Education & Counseling 6 (4): 149-54

Levi, Antonia. 1996.
Samurai from Outer Space: Understanding Japanese Animation.
Open Court Publishing Company

Levy, Shawn. 2000.
Tarzan [Disney animated movie review].
Pulse! (February): 37

Leydon, Joe. 1999.
''Bartok the Magnificent'' true to its name [Animated direct-to-video movie prequel to 'Anastasia'].
Reuters (November 28)

Leydon, Joe. 2000.
''Flintstones'' prequel hits rock bottom ["The Flintstones in Viva Rock Vegas" based on Hanna Barbera animated tv series].
Reuters / Variety (April 27)

Leydon, Joe. 2000.
Misadventures with "Rocky & Bullwinkle'' [movie based on Jay Ward's animation].
Reuters / Variety (June 30)

Lickteig, Mary Ann. 2000.
New 'Peanuts' Shows in Production [animation].
Associated Press (March 1)

Lim, Dennis. 2000.
Auto Ban ["Titan A.E." animation].
Village Voice (June 14).
online at

Limpert, Ann. 2000.
Muffin to it [Miss Muffy and the Muff Mob" internet animation].
Entertainment Weekly (545; June 16): 95

Littleton, Cynthia. 2000.
Buzz Lightyear lands on ABC's Saturday sked [Disney animated tv series].
The Hollywood Reporter (July 6)

Lloyd, Robert. 2000.
God, the Devil and NBC: One show cancelled, one show begun ['God, the Devil and Bob' animated tv series].
LA Weekly (March 31).
online at

Lloyd, Robert. 1998.
Forward Into the Past: The terrifying togs of That '70s Show; the retro robots of Rolie Polie Olie [computer-animated series by William Joyce produced for the Disney Channel by Canada's Nelvana Ltd. in concert with France's Metal Hurlant].
LA Weekly (October 2).
online at

Lloyd, Robert. 1999.
Hoops, Hogs and High Speeds ["The Three Little Pigs," in HBO's animated series Happily Ever After: Fairy Tales for Every Child].
LA Weekly (June 25).
online at

Lobdell, Scott. 1989.
Why no Elfquest [television cartoon animation]?
Comics Scene (8):68.

Lofficier, Jean-Marc and Randy Lofficier. 2000.
French Science Fiction, Fantasy, Horror & Pulp Fiction: a Guide to Cinema , Television, Radio, Animation, Comic Books & Literature from the Middle Ag es to the Present.

Logan, Michael. 1999.
Betty Lou Gerson tribute [obituary for actress from Disney's animated movie "101 Dalmations"].
TV Guide (April 3): 4

Long, Chris. 1996.
Hot list: Cartoons and animation [cartoon and comics web sites online].
Online Access 11(7; Jul 1):77-80.

Los Angeles Daily News. 2000.
Hot 'Powerpuffs' Born in School [animation].
Arizona Republic (March 29)

Lotman, Jeff & Jonathan Smith. 1995.
Animation Art: The Early Years 1911-1953
Schiffer Publishing, Ltd.

Lotman, Jeff & Jonathan Smith. 1995.
Animation Art: The Later Years 1954-1993
Schiffer Publishing, Ltd.

Lotman, Jeff. 1998.
Animation Art at Auction: Since 1994.
Schiffer Publishing

Lund, Karen. 1999.
Innovative animators: Early animation featured in American Memory.
LC [Library of Congress] Information Bulletin (June): 134-5, 139

Lyman, Rick. 2000.
Animation's new bag of tricks: Cheaper, faster and more like real life.
New York Times (June 13): B1, 3

Lyman, Rick. 2000.
Digital distribution of movie is planned by Fox and Cisco ['Titan A.E.' animated film].
New York Times (June 5): C6

Lynch, Stephen / The Orange County Register. 1999.
Zoinks! Scooby's 30 [animation].
Colorado Springs Gazette (November 21)

Lynch, Stephen / The Orange County Register. 1999.
'Scooby-Doo,' at 30, is longest continously running cartoon [animation].
Hartford Courant (November 2): D2

Lyons, Charles. 1999.
Disney Clips 'Peter Pan' Wings [planned animated sequel postponed].
Variety (September 3)

Mack, Bob. 1997.
Hot buttered soul man [Isaac Hayes on South Park animated tv show].
Details (November): 91-2

MacLachan, Suzanne L. 1993.
Economy: Cartoon characters animate check sales.
Christian Science Monitor 85(185; Aug 19):9.

Maddox , Garry. 1999.
Animators give world a taste of our pudding [Norman Lindsay's children's classic "The Magic Pudding" into an Australian animated feature film].
Sydney Morning Herald (October 30)

Maestri, George. 1998.
Animation workshop: Building skeletons.
Digital Magic (Feb):34-35.

Maggio, Joe. 1997.
Mean Spirit [Space Ghose animation revival].
Icon (Dec):114-115, 122.

Majendie, Paul. 1999.
UK Plasticine Man In Giant Hollywood Film Deal [Wallace and Gromit animator Nick Park].
Reuters (October 30)

Malcolm, Shawna. 1999.
Futurama [Matt Groening's animated tv series].
Entertainment Weekly (January 22-29): 30

Malkin, Mark. S. 1999.
'Inspector Gadget' searches for a clue [movie based on animated tv series].
Premiere (March): 35-6

Mallory, Michael. 1999.
Hanna-barbera Cartoons [animation].
Hugh Lauter Levin Associates

Maltin, Leonard. 1981.
Making drawings move [Review of Disney Animation: The Illusion of Life by Frank Thomas and Ollie Johnston
New York Times (November 29).

Maltin, Leonard. 1987.
Of Mice and Magic: A History of American Animated Cartoons. Rev. ed.
New York: New American Library

Marden, Keith. 1994.
'Far Side' fans facing suspended animation.
Albany Times Union (Oct 4):A1.

Marin, Rick. 1998.
The rude tube [South Park animated tv show].
Newsweek (March 23): 56-62.

Marling, Karal A. 1995.
Norman Klein's Seven Minutes: The Life and Death of the American Animated Cartoon [review].
American Historical Review 100(1; Feb):225.

Marlowe, Chris. 2000.
Backstreet Boys' cyber egos ready to rock [Stan Lee Media animated internet show].
The Hollywood Reporter (August 22)

Marlowe, Chris. 2000.
Grammer takes the Internet bait with 'Rat' series ["Gary the Rat" animated internet show].
The Hollywood Reporter (August 22)

Masers, Brooke A. 1998.
Character's creator sues party company [animated tv character Arthur].
Washington Post (August 8): B3.

Maslin, Janet. 1998.
'Prince of Egypt': Fairy Tale? Musical Comedy? Nope, Biblical Epic [animated movie review].
New York Times (December 18)

Matthews, Charles. 1999.
Celluloid dreams [review of Barrier's Hollywood Cartoons: American Animation in Its Golden Age].
Washington Post Book World (April 11): 3

Matthews, Karen. 1999.
Kids' TV Show Getting Theatrical ["Blue's Clues" animated television show].
Associated Press (November 8)

Mazzeo, Henry. 1987.
Whatever happened to Prince Buckethead? [animation].
Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs Golden Anniversary (1; Fall): 11-12

McAllister, Bill. 1998.
Philately denied? Collectors say something's missing from new stamps [animation; Bugs Bunny].
Washington Post (March 8): G5.

McAllister, Bill. 1998.
Bugs tops 1997 list but that's all, folks: Elvis is still king of commemorative stamps [animation].
Washington Post (Jan 5):A17.

McCaffey, Scott. 1998.
Local cartoonist finds sassiness in animals: 14-year-old eyes career in animation.
[Northern Virginia] Sun Weekly (September 10): 11

McCaffrey, Scott. 2000.
Performance uses cartoon icons to help youngsters appreciate opera [based on "The Bullwinkle Show" animated tv series by Jay Ward].
Northern Virginia Sun Weekly (February 3): 1, 23

McCall, Bruce. 1997.
What's up, Doc? [Kanfer's Art and Commerce of Animation review].
New York Times Book Review (Apr 20).

McCall, Douglas L. 1998.
Film Cartoons: A Guide to 20th Century American Animated Features and Shorts.
McFarland & Company

McCarthy, Todd. 1999.
''Fantasia/2000'' bigger, not necessarily better [Disney animation].
Variety / Reuters (December 23)

McCarthy, Todd. 2000.
''Road to El Dorado'' paved with potholes [animated movie].
Reuters / Variety (March 30)

McCarthy, Todd. 2000.
Tasty "Chicken'' ["Chicken Run" Animated comedy].
Reuters / Variety (June 11)

McCarty, Denise. 1999.
World of New Issues: Swiss stamps feature the penguin Pingu [from animated tv series].
Linn's Stamp News (March 29): 14

McCay, Winsor. 1989.
Flip's Book: 1909 [animated flip book].
Paris: Rackam Productions

McCay, Winsor. 1989.
Little Nemo in Slumberland: 1909 [animated flip book].
Paris: Rackam Productions

McClellan, Joseph. 2000.
'Moose' hits the bulls-eye [review of opera based on "The Bullwinkle Show" animated tv series by Jay Ward].
Washington Post (January 29): C5

McDonald, Stef. 1997.
Tales from the park side [South Park animated television series].
TV Guide (Oct 18):28-30.

McGilligan, Patrick. 1993.
Wak! Unca Walt! [Review of Walt Disney: Hollywood's Dark Prince by Marc Eliot; animation]
New York Times (July 18).

McIntire, Joy A. 1995.
Silent Animated Films at the Library of Congress.
Washington, D.C.: Library of Congress

McIntire, Joy A. 1999.
Silent Animated Films at the Library of Congress [finding aid].

McKerrow, Steve. 1991.
Some tall tales dog Tintin, Snowy [animated series].
Albany Times Union (Dec 1):T42.

McLellan, Joseph. 1998.
At Wolf Trap, it's the NSO by a hare [Bugs Bunny animated concert].
Washington Post (July 3): D2.

McNamara, Mary. 1998.
Rich man, Pooh bear [Disney's marketing of Winnie-the-Pooh animation].
Washington Post (December 26): C2

McQuillan, Libbie. 1998.
Tradition and Transgression: The laughter of Claire Bretecher
International Cartoon and Animation Festival (September),Bethesda, MD.

Mead, Rebecca. 1999.
The musical life: The maestro behind "South Park"'s arpeggios of flatulence [animated movie].
New Yorker (July 19): 30

Medved, Michael. 1997.
4 Czars for Little Orphan Anya [Anastasia Animated Movie].
New York Post (November 14)

Meisler, Andy. 1999.
'Dilbert': Corporate Savior?[animated tv series].
New York Times (January 24)

Melnbardis, Robert. 2000.
Cinar's founding couple defiant after firing [Canadian animation firm].
Reuters (August 18)

Michaud, Christopher. 1999.
Blood Flows, But Beautifully, in [Tim] Burton's World [Disney animation work].
Reuters (November 17)

Miller, Bob. 1989.
The lure of 'Laputa' [Japanese animation movie].
Comics Scene (7):69.

Miller, Jeff. 1996.
Re-reading Steve Canyon, Part I.
International Comics and Animation Festival.

Miller, Jeff. 1997.
A Barthesian reading of Frank Miller's Sin City.
National Communication Association.

Miller, Jeff. 1997.
Blood Money: The symbolic economy of Sin City.
International Comics and Animation Festival.

Miller, John M. 1995.
Action, adventure and aggravation [tv animation including Batman and Spider-Man].
Hogan's Alley 1 (2; Summer): 22-26

Miller, Michael. 2000.
Disney animator Marc Davis dies at 86.
Reuters (January 13)

Miller, Russell. 1998.
The five most racist Warner Brothers cartoons of all time [animation].
Flipside (January/February; #110).

Milvy, Erika. 2000.
'Toon talk show with a twist; 'The God & Devil Show' puts guests on the hot seat [animated internet show].
Access Magazine (Jan. 9 - Jan. 15)

Milvy, Erika. 2000.
Walking, talking clay creations [Aardman Animation's Wallace & Gromit].
Access Magazine (Mar. 12 - Mar. 18)

Milvy, Erika. 2000.
Cybertainment: Aardman claymation on the Web [animation].
Reuters (May 17)

Minecci, Nicholas A. 1998.
Animated Antz are not the common housepest.
Pentagram (October 16): 27

Minton, Lynn. 1997.
Daria Quips: An In-Depth Interview with TV's Brainy and Proudly Unpopular Teen [animation; Beavis and Butt-Head spinoff].
Parade Magazine (Apr 13):8.

Mitchell, Elvis. 1997.
[review of animated series "King of the Hill"].
National Public Radio's Weekend Edition (May 31)

Mizukami, K. and M. Ishibashi. 1990.
Very young infants yawn or cry after watching animated programs [letter].
Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics 11 (3; June): 163

Moebius. 1989.
John Watercolor et Sa Fameuse Redingote Qui Tue! [animated flip book].
Paris: Rackam Productions

Moerk, Christian. 2000.
WB Tooning 'Cats And Dogs' [animated movie].
Reuters / Variety (January 12)

Mohr, Ian. 2000.
Linklater 'Life' animates cast.
The Hollywood Reporter (July 7)

Mondello, Bob. 1998.
Animated Films.
National Public Radio's Weekend All Things Considered (November 28)

Mondello, Bob. 1998.
'Mulan' Storms China, Box Office [Disney animated film].
National Public Radio's Weekend All Things Considered (June 21)

Mondello, Bob. 1998.
Winter Movies [animated children's film "Prince of Egypt"].
National Public Radio's All Things Considered (November 27)

Montagne, Renee. 1998.
Space Ghost [rebroadcast of interview with Mike Lazzo of animated tv show].
National Public Radio's Weekly Edition (October 3)

Montagne, Renee. 1998.
Space Ghost Coast to Coast [interview with Mike Lazzo of animated tv show].
National Public Radio's Anthem (August 29 / repeated November 28)

Montagne, Renee. 1999.
Animation & TV.
National Public Radio's Anthem (May 8)

Moore, Frazier. 2000.
Daria Stars in Her First TV Film [animation].
Associated Press (August 24)

Moore, Frazier. 2000.
Nickelodeon Unveils New Series [animation].
Associated Press (February 16)

Moore, Frazier. 2000.
Tooning to Reality: One TV Trend [less animation on tv].
Associated Press (July 10)

Moore, Scott. 1997.
Fox's `King' Signals Prime Move ["King of the Hill" animation television series in prime time].
Washington Post TV Week (February 9): 7

Moore, Scott. 1997.
Here Comes Mike Judge ["King of the Hill" animation television series].
Washington Post TV Week (February 9): 7

Moore, Scott. 1999
Multiplex channel has a singular focus: kids [children's animation on HBO]
Washington Post TV Week (June 13-19): 6-7, 60

Moore, Scott. 1999
Paddington: His story [children's animation on HBO]
Washington Post TV Week (June 13-19): 7

Moore, Scott. 1999.
Back to the Future [Jetsons animation].
Washington Post TV Week (December 26): 6

Moore, Scott. 1999.
'Jetsons' meet real life: Futuristic cartoon jibes with today's high tech [animation; reprint of Washington Post article].
Nashville Tennessean (December 23): 6F

Moore, Scott. 1998.
What's new in kids tv [animation]?
Washington Post TV Week (September 13-19): 8-9

Moore, Scott. 1999.
From the cubicle to the box [Dilbert animated tv show].
Washington Post (January 24): TV Week 7, 40

Moore, Scott. 1999.
Cartoon Network goes to the girls [Powerpuff Girls animated tv series].
Washington Post (January 17): TV Week 6

Moore, Scott. 1999.
Eddie Murphy's toys in the 'hood: Will Vinton Studios brings "Foamation' project to life [The PJs animated tv series].
Washington Post (January 17): TV Week 7, 56

Moorhead, M.V. 1999.
He comes in peace: Gentle and breathtaking, The Iron Giant is a most human film [animation].
Dallas Observer (August 5).
online at

Moorhead, M.V. 1999.
Off with his head: Go, go, Gadget... straight to hell ["Inspector Gadget" based on animated tv series].
Dallas Observer (July 22).
online at

Moorhead, M.V. 2000.
Mesozoic mess: The Disney formula goes disturbingly awry in the off-putting Dinosaur [animation].
Dallas Observer (May 18).
online at

Moraes, Lisa de. 1999.
Fatal Friday: Fox Dumps Its Failing Lineup ["Harsh Realm" and animated sitcom "Family Guy"].
Washington Post (October 26): C1

Moraes, Lisa de. 1999.
The Tv Column [animated tv show South Park merchandise cancelled by J.C. Penney].
Washington Post (May 3): C7

Moraes, Lisa de. 1999.
TV's uncivil servants; Study finds portrayals no laughing manner [animation].
Washington Post (May 5): C1, 3

Moraes, Lisa de. 1999.
At the networks: Toon in tomorrow [animation].
Washington Post (February 25): C7

Morrison, Eileen. 1998.
Something everyone can cash in on [The Rugrats Movie; animation].
National Post (November 20)

Morton, Victor. 2000.
Zingers in 'Clerks' deadly accurate [animated tv series by Kevin Smith].
Washington Times (May 27): D5

Musgrove, Mike. 1997.
Virtual Springfield, Fox Interactive [Simpons' animated series CD-ROM review].
Washington Post (Oct 17):Weekend 62.

Nesselson, Lisa. 2000.
''Heavy Metal 2000'' blasts off [animated film].
Reuters / Variety (May 31)

Neumaier, Joe. 1998.
A dog has his day [Scooby-Doo animation].
Entertainment Weekly (September 25): 113

Neumaier, Joe. 1998.
Just Scooby-Doo it [animated tv series].
Entertainment Weekly (July 31): 9.

Nolan, Sara. 1998.
This month, The Simpson's Mr. Smithers feels the burns [animated tv show].
Details (October): 196

Norris, Chris. 1998.
Welcome to South Park... fat-ass [animated tv show].
Spin 14 (3; March) 66-67.

O'Callaghan, John. 2000.
'The Simpsons' Take British Stages by Storm [theatrical performance based on animated tv series].
Reuters (August 16)

O'Connor, Joe. 1997.
Disney's Hercules [animated movie review].
National Public Radio's All Things Considered (June 27)

Oldenburg, Don. 1999.
Beyond the family film g-rating [animation].
Washington Post (January 12): C4

Oldenburg, Don. 1999.
Beyond the family film g-rating [animation].
Washington Post (January 12): C4

O'Sullivan, Michael. 1998.
'Camelot': Disenchanting [animated movie Quest for Camelot review].
Washington Post (May 15): Weekend 56.

O'Sullivan, Michael. 1998.
'Mulan': You go girl [Disney animated movie]!
Washington Post (June 19): Weekend 47-9.

O'Sullivan, Michael. 2000.
'Rocky and Bullwinkle': pun for all [animated movie].
Washington Post (June 30): Weekend 45

O'Sullivan, Michael. 2000.
Yabba Dabba dud ['The Flinstones in Viva Rock Vegas' based on Hanna-Barbera animated tv series].
Washington Post (April 28): Weekend 53

O'Sullivan, Michael. 1998.
Buggy ride [Disney computer animated movie].
Washington Post (November 27): Weekend 56, 60

O'Sullivan, Michael. 1998.
High fidelity from 'Prince' [The Prince of Egypt animated movie].
Washington Post (December 18): Weekend 51-2

O'Sullivan, Michael. 1998.
Our new gang: 'The Rugrats' [animated movie].
Washington Post (November 20): Weekend 50, 59

O'Sullivan, Michael. 1998.
'Small Soldiers': Full plastic jacket [computer animated movie].
Washington Post (July 10): Weekend 44, 46.

O'Sullivan, Michael. 1998.
That's ant-ertainment [Antz animated movie]!
Washington Post (October 2): Weekend 47

O'Sullivan, Michael. 1999.
'Doug's 1st Movie' is first-rate [animation].
Washington Post (March 26): Weekend 66

O'Sullivan, Michael. 1999.
'The King and I': Why, oh why [animated movie review]?
Washington Post (March 19): Weekend 44

Owen, David. 2000.
Taking humor seriously: George Meyer, the funniest man behind the funnies t show on TV [The Simpsons animation].
New Yorker (March 13): 64-75

Owen, Rob. 2000.
Down at the Quick Stop: 'Clerks' clocks in as a cartoon tonight on ABC [animation by Kevin Smith].
Nashville Tennessean (May 31): 3D

Pacheco, Nathan. 1997.
Web-toons: Hot flash [animator John Kricfalusi's Spumco web site]?
Washington Post (Nov 7):Weekend 70.

Patoski, Joe Nick. 1997.
Hank Hill; Like other suburban Texans, he's a real character. ['King of the Hill' animated tv show by Mike Judge].
Texas Monthly (September)

Patterson, John. 1998.
Scanners: Bill Plympton's head trip [animation].
LA Weekly (August 28).
online at

Patterson, Robert and Charles Weijer. 1998.
D'oh! An analysis of the medical care provided to the family of Homer J. Simpson [television animation]. Canadian Medical Association Journal 159 (12; December 15): 1480-1481

Pearlman, Cindy. 1998.
News from Frostbite Falls [Rocky and Bullwinkle animated movie].
Entertainment Weekly (Jan 23):13.

Pener, Degen. 1996.
Racer's Edge [Volkswagon's Speed Racer commercial; animation].
Entertainment Weekly (Sep 20):12.

Pepoon, Steve. 2000.
Homer vs. Lisa and the Eight Commandment [Simpsons animation script excerpt].
Washington Post (January 1): M10

Phillips, Debra. 1997.
It's a wrap: This fall, kids could turn the new cartoon series 'Mummies Alive' into a licencees's dream [animation].
Entrepeneur (sep):125-130.

Phipps, Keith. 2000.
The Powerpuff Girls: Creator and animator Craig McCracken talks about the cult hit [interview].
The Onion A.V. Club:

Pinsky, Robert. 1998.
My favorite show: The Simpsons [The Poet Laureate of the United States' animated tv choice].
New York Times Magazine (September 20): 55

Podhoretz, John. 1997.
'South Park': What's left to subvert [animation]?
New York Post (December 23).

Poitras, Gilles. 1998.
The Anime Companion: What's Japanese in Japanese Animation.
Stone Bridge Press

Polk, James. 1997.
Highly animated [review of Chunovic's Rocky and Bullwinkle Book].
New York Times Book Review (Mar 9).

Pottinger, Matt. 2000.
Ka-boom! China boots Cartoon Network [animation].
Reuters (February 2)

Potts, R. and L. Swisher. 1998.
Effects of televised safety models on children's risk taking and hazard identification [using animation].
Journal of Pediatric Psychology 23 (3; June): 157-63

Primero, H. Brooke and Liz Smith. 1994.
The real roars behind The Lion King [animation].
Disney Adventures 4(10; July 30): 16-21

Province, John. 2000.
A self-made man: an interview with Lee Holley [Warner Bros. animator, 'Ponytail' panel creator, 'Dennis the Menace' ghost].
Hogan's Alley (7; Winter): 106-117

Province, John. 1995.
The Virginia Davis interview [actress in Disney's animated 'Alice in Cartoonland'].
Hogan's Alley 1 (2; Summer): 106-113

q Kaplan, James. 1998.
The queen of cartoons [Betty Cohen, Cartoon Network president; animation].
TV Guide (March 14): 30-33

Quinn, Michelle. 1995.
S.F. studio snags backing to create animated movie.
San Francisco Chronicle (Sep 2).

Radio Shack. 1999.
The Jetsons: "Nickname" [comic strip ad using animated tv show].
Washington Post (July 23): A24

Radio Shack. 1998.
The Jetsons: "Mystery Gift" [comic strip ad using animated tv show].
Washington Post (December 11): A4

Radio Shack. 1998.
The Jetsons: "George Gets Static" [comic strip ad using animated tv show].
Washington Post (August 2): color insert

Radio Shack. 1998.
The Jetsons: "Stranded" [ad using animated tv characters].
Washington Post (August 7): A4.

Radio Shack. 1998.
The Jetsons: "Teen Trouble" [comic strip ad using animated tv show].
Washington Post (July 31): A4

Radio Shack. 1998.
The Jetson's: Holidate [ad using animated tv characters].
Washington Post (November 13): A4

Radio Shack. 1998.
The Jetsons: Spacely's Surprise [ad based on animated tv series].
Washington Post (November 20): A4

Radio Shack. 1999.
The Jetsons: "Shocking" [comic strip ad using animated tv show].
Washington Post (August 6): A18

Radio Shack. 1999.
The Jetsons: "Hungry Dog" [comic strip ad using animated tv show].
Washington Post (April 2): A4

Radio Shack. 1999.
The Jetsons: "Mother's Day" [comic strip ad using animated tv show].
Washington Post (May 7): A36

Radio Shack. 1999.
The Jetsons: "Wrappin' Rosie" [comic strip ad using animated tv show].
Washington Post (April 16): A4

Rees, Christina. 1998.
This cartoon is X-rated [anime / "Japanimation"].
Dallas Observer (September 3).
online at

Resnik, Andy. 1999.
Animation Business Moves Eastward [Character Builders in Ohio, co-founded by Jeff Smith of 'Bone'].
Associated Press (August 10)

Reuters. 1999.
Actress Jean Vander Pyl dies; was voice of Wilma Flintstone [animation].
Washington Post (April 15): B6

Rhodes, Joe. 1999.
Future mock [Matt Groening "Futurama" animated tv show].
TV Guide (April 3): 16-21

Rhodes, Robert. 1981.
Why nobody wans to be an Aristocat [Disney animated film].
Comics Feature (11; August): 24-25

Ricapito, Maria. 1997.
Keeping up with the Simpsons [animated tv show].
Metropolis (December) online at

Richards, David. 1997.
The pride of Broadway: Julie Taymor turns 'The Lion King' into brilliant theater [animation].
Washington Post (Dec 28): G1, G4.

Richler, Mordecai. 1999.
Glaring omissions from Prince of Egypt [animated movie].
National Post (January 2)

Richmond, Ray and Antonia Coffman [eds.]. 1998.
The Simpsons: A Complete Guide to Our Favorite Family [animation].
New York: HarperPerennial.

Riff Reb. 1989.
Dis Bonjour a la Dame [animated flip book].
Paris: Rackam Productions

Ringle, Ken. 1997.
A rollicking ride on the high c's: B. J. Ward found the right note in her spoofs of opera plots [animation].
Washington Post (Nov 5):D1, D6.

Ritter, Malcolm. 1999.
At the Movies: `Toy Story 2' [animation].
Associated Press (November 23)

Robards, Brooks. 1998.
Down with Disney-style cartoons [animation].
VMag 1 (5; March)

Roberts, Victoria. 1999.
Dept. of Equitation: A visit to the National Horse Show at Madison Square Garden: Ladies Side Saddle Under Saddle Event, November 5, 1999 [comic strip journalism].
New Yorker (November 22): 68

Robertson, Barbara. 1994.
Digital toons [digital animation tools].
Computer Graphics World 17(6; Jun):40.

Robinson, Tasha. 2000.
Animator Bill Plympton [interview].
The Onion A.V. Club:

Robischon, Noah. 1999.
In 'toon. Japanimation rules on the Web. Can it take over U.S. movie screens?
Entertainment Weekly (October 29): 121

Rodman, Larry. 1998.
The fourth International Comics and Animation Festival: A ground-level report.
Comics Journal (208; November): 28-36

Rogers, Patricia D. 1998.
At home with the Simpsons [animation; contest gave away house].
Washington Post (Jan 8): Home 5.

Rose, Steven C. 1989.
[Letter; cartoon animation].
Comics Scene (7):43.

Rosenfeld, Megan. 2000.
With lots of cool, 'Daria' survives summer [animation].
Washington Post (August 26): C7

Ross, Lillian. 2000.
Jeffrey Katzenberg's road to the gold [Dreamworks SKG animated movie "The Road to El Dorado"].
New Yorker (February 14): 25

Ross, Lillian. 1998.
An expert looks at "Antz" under the microscope [animated movie].
New Yorker (November 9): 38

Roundy, Bill. 1999.
On the air [gay-friendly animated tv shows].
Washington Blade (September 17): 57

Roundy, Bill. 1999.
Television inches forward: Roles are expanding for gay characters this season ['Mission Hill' animated tv show].
Washington Blade (September 17): 52-53

Roundy, Bill. 2000.
On the air ["Daria: Is It Fall Yet?" animated movie and lesbianism].
Washington Blade (September 8): 41

Roundy, Bill. 2000.
On the air [gay-themed Mission Hill animated tv show].
Washington Blade (June 23): 39

Roundy, Bill. 2000.
On the air [gay-themed MTV animated tv show "Spy Groove" by Glen Hanson].
Washington Blade (July 28): 38

Roundy, Bill. 1999.
Cartoon closets open: Animated gay characters are coming out.
Washington Blade (June 11): 71, 75

Roundy, Bill. 1999.
On the air ['The Ambiguously Gay Duo' animated tv shorts].
Washington Blade (February 19): 52

Roundy, Bill. 2000.
TV references increase: Watchdog group decries boost in gay content ['The Simpsons' animated series].
Washington Blade (April 7): 16

Roush, Matt. 2000.
Parent traps: New 'toons go the family way ["Sammy" by David Spade and "Baby Blues" animated tv series].
TV Guide (July 29): 10

Roush, Matt. 1997.
Inspired 'Simpsons' hands out triple treats [The Simpsons: Treehouse of Horror VIII; animation].
USA Today (Oct 24):3D.

Russakoff, Dale. 1998.
On children's TV, an unusual new character: cool parent [Nickelodeon animated tv shows].
Washington Post (December 13): A1, 18

Sample, Ann. 1998.
Dream baby [Ally McBeal tv show computer animation].
Entertainment Weekly (Jan 30):73.

Sandler, Kevin S. (ed.) 1999.
Reading the Rabbit: Explorations in Warner Bros. Animation.
Rutgers University Press

Satran, Richard. 2000.
Pixar earnings jump on "Toy Story 2" [computer animated movie].
Reuters (February 3)

Schiff, W, H Blackburn, F Cohen, G Furman, A Jackson, E Lapidos, H Rotkin and S Thayer. 1980.
Does sex make a difference? Gender, age, and stimulus realism in perception and evaluation of aggression [animation].
American Journal of Psychology 93 (1; Mar): 53-78

Schneider, Michael and Josef Adalian. 2000.
NBC Flies With 'Chicken' [animation rights sold to tv].
Reuters/ Variety (June 20)

Schneider, Michael. 2000.
Nick, WB tops among kids [tv animation, Nickelodeon, Warner Bros.].
Reuters / Variety (May 26)

Schneider, Michael. 2000.
'Pet' Adopted by ABC [animated tv series ''Teacher's Pet'' by Gary Baseman].
Reuters / Variety (April 19)

Schneider, Michael. 2000.
'Weekenders' Wend Way to ABC [animated tv series].
Reuters/ Variety (January 7)

Schneider, Mike. 1999.
Adding to the magic of Disney; Leader hopes 'Fantasia 2000' will hit mark [animation].
Associated Press (October 25)

Schorr, Daniel. 1997.
Cartoons ['The Simpsons' animated tv show].
National Public Radio's Weekend Edition (June 22)

Schwarzbaum, Lisa. 1999.
Second that emotion [Toy Story 2 animated movie review].
Entertainment Weekly (December 3): 72

Schwarzbaum, Lisa. 1998.
We are colony [Antz animated movie review].
Entertainment Weekly (October 9): 54-6

Schwarzbaum, Lisa. 1999.
The king of swing: Disney rewrites the jungle book with Tarzan, a gorgeous and captivating new take on the Lord of the Apes [animated movie].
Entertainment Weekly (June 25/July 2): 101-2

Scott, A.O. 2000.
Hey, Moose, do you hear an Iron Curtain falling? ["The Adventures of Rocky and Bullwinkle" animated movie].
New York Times (June 30): B13

Scott, A.O. 2000.
Jurassic lark: Rex of the cartoon jungle [Disney computer animated film 'Dinosaur' review].
New York Times (May 19): B10

Searleman, Eric. 2000.
Powerpuff Girls Jump into Comic Books [animation].
Arizona Republic (April 27)

Seitz, Matt Zoller. 1994.
Loony tunes; The twisted minds at DNA Animation take their sick humor national.
Dallas Observer (November 3).
online at

Seitz, Matt Zoller. 1995.
Chuck amuck: The DMA celebrates Chuck Jones, animation's beloved toonsmith [Dallas Museum of Art].
Dallas Observer (July 13).
online at

Seitz, Matt Zoller. 1995.
Uncharted waters: The flawed but fascinating Pocahontas is a big step forward for animated features [Disney].
Dallas Observer (June 22).
online at

Semel, Paul. 1986.
Street cred: Maxx Head room [animation].
Wired (May):143.

Serchay, David. 1996.
Writing for Gargoyles: Michael Reaves enjoys his work for the Disney action series [also Teen Titans Spotlight and Batman: The Animated Series].
Animoto! (36; Fall):47-48.

Shales, Tom. 1997.
Fox, Humming A Softer 'Toon; 'King of the Hill' Isn't 'Beavis,' But It's Got a Quirky Appeal [Mike Judge's animated television series].
Washington Post (January 11): B1

Shales, Tom. 2000.
ABC's Easter: Claymation on Golgotha ["The Miracle Maker", religious animation tv special].
Washington Post (April 23): G1, 5

Shales, Tom. 2000.
'God, the Devil': Sinfully unfunny [animation].
Washington Post (March 9): C1, 7

Shales, Tom. 1997.
'South Park' falls flatulent [animation].
Washington City Paper (Aug 13):C1.

Shales, Tom. 1999.
'Futurama': Watch this space [animated tv series by Groening].
Washington Post (March 27): C1, 7

Shales, Tom. 1999.
'Dilbert': What memos are made of [animated tv show].
Washington Post (January 25): C1, 9

Shales, Tom. 1999.
'Family Guy': Time to take out the garbage, dear [animated tv series].
Washington Post (January 30): C1, 8

Shales, Tom. 1999.
Fox's flimsy house of cards [The PJs animated tv series].
Washington Post (January 9): C1, 7

Sharkey, Betsy. 1996.
Laugh and learn ['Life With Louie' animated TV series].
Mediaweek 6(Nov 18):17.

Shaw, Jessica. 1999.
Cartoon violence [Warner Bros. planned animated movies].
Entertainment Weekly (June 25/July 2): 103

Shirky, Clay. 1999.
The once and Future King? [animators Matt Parker and Trey Stone on internet].
Feed (December 16):

Shulgasser, Barbara. 1996.
Spike and Mike's animated shorts long to be tasteless.
San Francisco Examiner (Sep 20).

Siegel, Joel E. 1998.
Mondo Plympton [animation short review].
Washington City Paper (April 24): 26.

Siegel, Joel E. 1999.
All your worldy f/x [Inspector Gadget movie based on animated television series].
Washington City Paper (July 30): 38

Siegel, Joel E. 1999.
Bald retreads ['The King and I' animated movie review].
Washington City Paper (March 19): 38-9

Siegel, Joel E. 1999.
Refined defects [review of Office Space by animator Mike Judge].
Washington City Paper (February 26): 34-5

Siegel, Robert. 1998.
Counter-Tenor [Yoshikazu Mera sings theme for animated film in Japan].
National Public Radio's Weekly Edition (February 7)

Siegel, Robert. 1995.
Sendak [interview on tv animation of children's book series Little Bear].
National Public Radio's All Things Considered (October 31)

Silvester, William. 2000.
What Makes Daffy Duck? Exclusive Interview Worthy of a Tabloid [Warner Br os. animation stamp collecting].
Topical Time (January - February)

Simak, Steven A. 1998.
The magic behind Mulan [computer animation].
Digital Magic (June): 16-21.

Skully, Michael. 1989.
[Letter; Who Framed Roger Rabbit movie; animation].
Comics Scene (7):42-43.

Smith, C. 1977.
The early history of animation: Saturday morning TV discovers 1915.
Journal of the University Film Association 29(3):23-30.

Smith, Sean M. 1999.
Disney killed my Mom! [animated movies death statistics].
Premier (July): 41

Smoodin, E. and R. W. McEachern. 1996.
Animating culture: Hollywood cartoons from the sound era.
Journal of Popular Culture 29(4):253.

Smoodin, Eric Loren. 1993.
Animating Culture : Hollywood Cartoons from the Sound Era.
Rutgers University Press

Snead, Elizabeth. 1998.
Here comes merchandise in 'toon with 'South Park' [animated tv show].
USA Today (June 26): 5E.

Snider, Mike. 1999.
Pokemania builds as monster games spawn a hydra-headed empire [Japanese animation].
USA Today (March 17): 8D

Snider, Mike. 1999.
Pokemon poised to be pop culture's next big phenom [Japanese animation].
USA Today (March 17): 1D

Snierson, Dan and Carrie Bell. 1999.
Toying around ['Toy Story' animated film opening].
Entertainment Weekly (November 26)

Snierson, Dan. 1998.
The Hill is gone [King of the Hill animated TV show].
Entertainment Weekly (May 22): 11.

Snierson, Dan. 1998.
The big draw: Sick of the same old two-dimensional sitcoms, networks are lining up for all things animated.
Entertainment Weekly (December 4): 41- 2

Snierson, Dan. 1998.
Welcome, Matt [new Groening animated show].
Entertainment Weekly (August 21/28): 103.

Snyder, Janet. 1997.
Japan seeks cause of convulsions [Pocket Monsters animation].
Washington Post (Dec 18):C16.

Solomon, Charles. 1999.
The Last Laugh: Chronicling the Hollywood cartoon [animation book reviews].
LA Weekly (July 9).
online at

Solomon, Charles. 1989.
Enchanted Drawings: The History of Animation.
New York: Alfred A. Knopf

Solomon, Charles. 1990.
Donald redux [Disney animation?].
Modern Maturity (Dec/Jan).

Solomon, Charles. 1998.
The Prince of Egypt: A New Vision in Animation.
New York: Harry N. Abrams

Solomon, Charles. 1998.
Walt Disney's missing link: Studio preserves animation's lost treasure, 1922's 'Little Red Riding Hood.'
Washington Post (August 3): D9.

Sonnenborne, Scott and Liz Lewis. 2000.
The Batman Beyond Files [animated tv series].

Sotheby's. 1997.
The Art of Disney's The Hunchback of Notre Dame and James and the Giant Peach [animation; auction catalog].
New York: Sotheby's.

Span, Paula. 1997.
Whither Daria: Meet the teen Terminator [animation].
Washington Post (Jun 1):G1-2.

Span, Paula. 1997.
Wither Daria: Meet The Teen Terminator. MTV's Hot New Toon Is Sharp, Funny -- and Female [animated television show, spun off of Mike Judge's 'Beavis and Butthead'].
Washington Post (June 1): G1

Span, Paula. 1997.
Cross-cultural cartoon cult: Japan's animated futuristic features move from college clubs to video stores [Anime].
Washington Post (May 15).

Span, Paula. 1997.
On the cussing edge: 'South Park' pushes the taste envelope [animation].
Washington Post (Sep 14):G8-G9.

Sprafkin, J, KD Gadow and P Grayson. 1987.
Effects of viewing aggressive cartoons on the behavior of learning disabled children [animation].
Journal of Child Psychology & Psychiatry & Allied Disciplines 28 (3; May): 387-98

Sragow, Michael. 1997.
Muscle bound; Disney's Hercules is all brawn, no brain [animation].
Dallas Observer (June 26).
online at

Sragow, Michael. 1998.
Making a mountain out of an anthill; The craftsmen at Pixar delight with the inventive and enchanting A Bug's Life [Disney animation].
Dallas Observer (November 26).
online at

Sragow, Michael. 1998.
This tomboy's life; With the gender-bending Mulan, Disney's head is in the right place, but the heart is missing [animation].
Dallas Observer (June 18).
online at

Sragow, Michael. 2000.
Great escapists: "Chicken Run" creators Nick Park and Peter Lord talk about animating with emotion, Mel Gibson's patriotic rooster and finding an idea with legs, er, drumsticks.
Salon (June 22):

Stark, Stephen. 1999.
[Matt Groening's animated tv series Futurama and his influence on television].
National Public Radio's Weekend Edition Sunday (April 4)

Starr, Michael. 1998.
Abc Strengthens Kids' Slate [Television Animation].
New York Post (January 09)

Starr, Michael. 1998.
Payday for 'South Park' Punks [Television Animation].
New York Post (April 28)

Starr, Michael. 1998.
Rock 'Em, Sock 'Em Stars [Mtv's "Celebrity Deathmatch" Claymation Television Animation].
New York Post (June 11)

Starr, Michael. 1998.
South Park' Net Cries 'Foul' [Television Animation].
New York Post (March 20)

Starr, Michael. 1998.
'Woodpecker' Back in 'Toon [Television Animation].
New York Post (January 14)

Starr, Michael. 1999.
Mickey to Return to TV [Disney Animation 'Mouseworks'].
New York Post (January 7)

Stein, Beth. 2000.
Powerpuff Girls sweet, but sassy [animation review].
Nashville Tennessean (May 28)

Stephens, Chuck. 2000.
Space Junk: Titan A.E. [Don Bluth and Fox animated movie].
LA Weekly (June 16).
online at

Stepp, Laura Sessions. 1999.
The 'Pokemon' phenomenon [Japanese animation].
Washington Post (April 9): C4

Stockwell, Jamie. 1999.
Taming the Pokemon craze: The animated creatures are all the rage, but parents should set limits.
Washington Post (August 29): H5

Strauss, Bob. 1998.
Surf park [South Park animated tv show].
Yahoo! Internet Life (February): 66-68

Street, Rita. 1995.
Sunbow: Turning comics into TV hits.
Animation Magazine 8(Aug):15.

Stuever, Hank. 2000.
The little merman [satire on use of real-life tragedy as animated musicals, illustrated by caricaturist Roman Genn].
Washington Post (January 29): C1, 4

Stuever, Hank. 2000.
What Would Godzilla Say? At the Japanese Animation Festival, a Brave New World Of Hot Pink and Cool Kids.
Washington Post (February 14): C1

Sturm, James and Art Baxter. 1999.
A Response to Chapter Nine: Build a Beach Head [of Scott McCloud's 'Understanding Comics'].
Comics Journal (211; April): 93-99

Styles, Betsy. 1998.
'South Park' Rules [letter on animated tv show]?
Newsweek (April 13): 18.

Sullivan, Catherine. 195?.
United Productions of America: The Modern Look in Animated Cartoons.
American Artist 19(Nov):34.

Sullivan, Kevin. 1997.
Japan's cartoon violence: TV networks criticized after children's seizures [Pocket Monsters animation].
Washington Post (Dec 19): D1, D6.

Sullivan, Kevin. 1997.
The Wolf-Girl from Japan: 'Princess Monoke' Fans Fill the Movie Theaters [animation].
Washington Post (Sep 17):D1.

Sutel, Seth. 1999.
TBS Pulls Plug on Women's Network [while starting network for company's Hanna-Barbera animation library].
Associated Press (August 13)

Sutel, Seth. 2000.
D'oh! Can It Be Simpsons' 10th? [animated tv show].
Associated Press (January 11)

Suwono, F. 1993.
A graphical user-interface development tool for intelligent computer-assisted instruction systems [using animation].
Monterey, CA: Naval Postgraduate School.

Swartz, Mimi. 1998.
You dumb babies [Rugrats animated tv show]!
New Yorker (November 30): 60-67

Takahashi, Dean. 1999.
Video-game makers hope to 'blast' PCs [computer animation].
Wall Street Journal (September 2): B6

Takahashi, T. and Y. Tsukahara. 1998.
Pocket Monster incident and low luminance visual stimuli: special reference to deep red flicker stimulation [Japanese animation].
Acta Paediatrica Japonica 40 (6; December): 631-7

Talbots. 2000.
Remember how she just pressed a button and got a complete outfit? [advertisement using The Jetson animated Hanna-Barbera tv series].
Washington Post (April 28); (May 4): A10

Tanahey, Ed. 1999.
A New 'Batman' Takes Wing [Batman Beyond animated tv series; Paul Dini].
New York Daily News (January 11)

Tanahey, Ed. 1999.
A New 'Batman' Takes Wing [Batman Beyond animated tv series; Paul Dini].
New York Daily News (January 11)

Tanners, Timna. 1999.
Japanese cartoon hopes to conquer America ["Princess Mononoke" animated movie].
Reuters (November 10)

Taylor, Charles. 2000.
"Fantasia 2000": Beethoven, Gershwin, Respighi and Stravinsky meet Disney kitsch in this sequel to the not-quite-classic animated feature.
Salon (June 23):

Taylor, Charles. 2000.
"The Adventures of Rocky and Bullwinkle": Robert De Niro's whip-fast Fearless Leader blurs the line between humans and cartoons, but the rest of this clunky TV remake is stiffer than an iron curtain [movie based on Jay Ward animation].
Salon (June 30):

Taylor, Ella. 1998.
Colonial Life: The brave bugs of Antz and the rabid racists of The Life of Jesus [Dreamworks animated movie].
LA Weekly (October 2).
online at

Taylor, Ella. 1998.
Disney's Asia Minor: The studio paints by numbers [Mulan animated movie].
LA Weekly (June 19).
online at

Tenggren, Gustav. 1987.
The Tenggren gallery [animation].
Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs Golden Anniversary (1; Fall): 4-10

Tezuka, Osamu. 1981.
Tezuka Osamu no subete [A Collection of the Works of Osamu Tezuka, the Japanese comic book creator and animator].
Tokyo: Daitosha.

Tharp, Paul. 1998.
Nickelodeon's Mom to Start Own Company [television animation].
New York Post (May 29)

Thomas, Derek. 1998.
Toon Out: The Second Annual World Animation Celebration.
LA Weekly (February 13).
online at

Thomas, Frank & Ollie Johnston. 1981.
Disney Animation: The Illusion of Life.
New York: Abbeville Press.

Thomas, Susan Gregory. 1994.
Toontown Tricksters: For Animators, Gig is Up as Laser Disc Exposes Dirty Deeds.
Washington Post (Mar 18).

Thompson, Luke Y. 2000.
Crash of the Titan: Disney-esque characters and anime stylings don't mix, but at least the battles are cool [Bluth animated movie "Titan A.E." from Fox].
Dallas Observer (June 15).
online at

Thompson, Stephen. 2000.
Chuck Jones [animator interview].
The Onion A.V. Club:

Thompson, T. L. and E. Zerbinos. 1995.
Gender roles in animated cartoons: Has the picture changed in 20 years?
Sex Roles 32(9-10):651.

Tippit, Sarah. 2000.
Playful, vintage looks dominate Oscar fashion ["South Park'' animator Tre y Parker].
Reuters (March 27)

Tobias, Scott. 2000.
Aardman Animations: Directors Peter Lord and Nick Park talk about stop-motion animation and the new Chicken Run [interview].
The Onion A.V. Club:

Tourtellotte, Bob. 1999.
Pixar [Animation Studio] shares jump on strong video sales.
Reuters (October 26)

Tourtellotte, Bob. 2000.
English Animators Go Hollywood for 'Chicken Run'.
Reuters (June 20)

Tourtellotte, Bob. 2000.
Pixar posts strong quarter, ups guidance [computer animation].
Reuters / Variety (May 4)

Townson, Don and Charles Lyons. 2000.
Disney closes Canuck shops, lays off 200 [animation].
Reuters / Variety (February 15)

Tucker, Ken. 1998.
God bless 'America' [Invasion America animated miniseries].
Entertainment Weekly (June 12): 56.

Tucker, Ken. 1998.
The ABCs of kids' TV [animation]
Entertainment Weekly (March 27): 51-2.

Tucker, Ken. 1999.
Double takes [Family Guiy animated character's resemblance to Chris Ware's comic book].
Entertainment Weekly (July 9): 10

Tucker, Ken. 2000.
Right off the Bat [Paul Dini and 'Batman: The Animated Series'].
Entertainment Weekly (545; June 16): 55

Tucker, Ken. 1998.
Potty animals [South Park animated TV show].
Entertainment Weekly (Jan 16):53-54.

Tucker, Ken. 1999.
Long live 'King' [animated tv shows 'King of the Hill' and 'Family Guy'].
Entertainment Weekly (April 9): 52-4

Tucker, Ken. 1999.
Catchy 'toons [Batman Beyond; The PJs; animated tv series].
Entertainment Weekly (January 15): 46-7

Tucker, Ken. 1999.
Lying down on the job [Dilbert animated tv series].
Entertainment Weekly (January 22-29): 93

Tucker, Ken. 1999.
Race riotous: Eddie Murphy's PJs has some people animated in a way the creators never expected.
Entertainment Weekly (March 5): 12-3

Tumbusch, Tom and Bob Welbaum. 1998.
Tomart's Value Guide to Disney Animation Art: An Easy-To-Use Compilation of over 40 Animation Art Auctions Organzied by Film, Character and Art Type.
Tomart Publications

Tunc, Asli. 19??.
Animation Conference (Utrecht, The Netherlands).

Turner, G. A. 1953.
Artists behind an animated cartoon.
Design 54(May):190.

Turner, G. A. 1954.
New horizons in animated cartooning: UPA cartoons.
Design 55(Jan):128-129.

Unknown. 1998.
Henry G. Saperstein, producer, dies at 80 [animation].
Washington Post (June 28).

Unknown. 1998.
James Algar, producer-director [animator's obituary].
Washington Post (March 2): B6.

Unknown. 1999.
Online Short Distributor AtomFilms Gets $20 Million [animation].
Reuters (December 13 )

Unknown. 1999.
Imax sees strong sales for film "Fantasia 2000" [Disney animation].
Reuters (December 22)

Unknown. 1999.
Rex Allen Sr., 78; Actor, singing cowboy ['Charlotte's Web' animation voice obituary].
Washington Post (December 19): C6

Unknown. 1999.
Cinar shares drop 30 percent after allegations [Canadian animation company].
Reuters (October 18)

Unknown. 1999.
Mary Kay Bergman, cartoon voice [obituary; worked on South Park, Scooby-Doo, Batman and Iron Giant animated shows].
Washington Post (November 20): B7

Unknown. 1999.
'South Park' Creators Going on Web [animation].
Associated Press (December 8)

Unknown. 2000.
Ken Peterson, Disney artist [obituary for animator].
Washington Post (April 18): 37

Unknown. 2000.
NBC Cancels Protested Cartoon ["God, the Devil and Bob'' animated tv series].
Associated Press (March 30)

Unknown. 2000.
The little boy in the blude stocking cap ['Noddy' animated children's show].
Newsweek (March 20): 76

Unknown. 2000.
Veep Guest Stars in TV Cartoon [Vice President Al Gore animated on 'Futurama'].
Associated Press (May 21)

Unknown. 2000.
[Tim] Burton Taking Stainboy 'Toon Online [animation].
Associated Press (January 28)

Unknown. 2000.
Animator Cinar fires founders Weinberg and Charest.
Reuters (August 17)

Unknown. 2000.
Bugs Vs. Mickey [poll of the best animated show of the century].
Reuters (January 28)

Unknown. 2000.
CINAR names new president for entertainment arm [animation].
Reuters (January 20)

Unknown. 2000.
CrestComm up over 6.5 pct on studio plan [India's Crest Communications Ltd, an animation film maker].
(Reuters (February 15)

Unknown. 2000.
Crystal, Goodman In New Animation ["Monsters Inc.,'' computer-animated film from Pixar and Disney].
Associated Press (August 11)

Unknown. 2000.
Deaths: Eyvind Earle, Artist [Disney animator].
Washington Post (July 26): B7

Unknown. 2000.
Deaths: G. Warren Schloat Jr.; Writer and Illustrator [Disney animator].
Washington Post (August 15): B7

Unknown. 2000.
Deaths: Raymond Portwood Jr., Game Creator [Disney animator].
Washington Post (August 1): B7

Unknown. 2000.
Disney Animation Veteran Michael Webster Dead at 60.
Reuters (January 27)

Unknown. 2000.
Disney's Canadian departure comes as no great suprise [animation].
Reuters (February 14)

Unknown. 2000.
G. Warren Schloat Jr., 86, Children's book author and [Disney] animator [obituary].
New York Times (August 13): 28

Unknown. 2000.
Grammer Becomes Net Rat ["Gary the Rat" animated internet show].
Daily Variety (August 22)

Unknown. 2000.
Jacques Wellington Rupp, Disney Designer [animator obituary].
Washington Post (August 26): C6

Unknown. 2000.
Marc Davis, cartoonist [Disney animator obituary].
Washington Post (January 15): B7

Unknown. 2000.
Michael Webster, cartoon executive [for Disney tv animation].
Washington Post (January 29): B7

Unknown. 2000.
NBC Gives the Slammy to "Sammy" [David Spade animated tv series].
E! Online (August 17)

Unknown. 2000.
Nelvana hopes share price will get boost from U.S. [Canadian animation].
Reuters (June 12)

Unknown. 2000.
Nelvana Shares Climb on Speculation [Canada animation company].
Reuters (August 30)

Unknown. 2000.
Obituaries in the News - Raymond Eugene "Gene'' Portwood Jr [Disney animator in 1950s].
Associated Press (August 1)

Unknown. 2000.
Spears Goes for Prince's Trousers -- on Film [British animation].
Reuters (June 14)

Unknown. 2000.
TNT Cartoons Shown Exit in China [animation].
Associated Press (February 3)

Unknown. 2000.
Toon in! Presenting the winners of Playboy's first-ever comix and animation contest.
Playboy (October): 127-129

Unknown. 2000.
TV Guide Seeks Simpsons Votes [animation].
Associated Press (September 7)

Unknown. 2000.
Nelvana files to sell 3.75 million shares [Canada animation company].
Reuters (April 28)

Unknown. 1994.
[Debra] Solomon does film [animated 'Mrs. Matisse'].
Editor and Publisher (April 9): 48

Unknown. 1994.
Some are critical of 'Lion King' column [Disney animated film].
Editor and Publisher (July 23): 31

Unknown. 1996.
'Dr. Katz' [animated tv] show spawns a strip.
Editor & Publisher (November 30): 22

Unknown. 1996.
'Peanuts' exhibit [animated tv specials].
Editor & Publisher (May 25): 36

Unknown. 1998.
Boogie baby on board [marketing of computer-animated Dancing Baby].
Newsweek (August 3): 52

Unknown. 1998.
Dusan Vukotic, filmfaker [Croatian animator obituary].
Washington Post (July 10): B7.

Unknown. 1999.
[Scooby-Doo and the current renaissance of his character; tv animation].
Birmingham, AL News (April 28)

Unknown. 1999.
Book Currents: 'Tooned in [animation book reviews].
New Yorker (May 10): 20

Unknown. 1999.
Betty Lou Gerson, actress [obituary; did Disney animated movie voices].
Washington Post (January 17): C7

Urycki, Mark. 1995.
Balto [animated movie].
National Public Radio's All Things Considered (December 26)

Van Boven, Sarah with Devin Gordon and Esther Pan. 1998.
The 'Veggies' that kids actually like: A bumper crop of animated Bible videos.
Newsweek (December 7): 67

Van Oss, Alex. 1997.
[controversy about remaking animated tv show as Mr. Magoo movie].
National Public Radio's Morning Edition (August 6)

Verrall, Robert. 1954.
Making an animated cartoon: The romance of transportation.
Canadian Art 11:148-150.

Vitale, Tom. 1997.
Lion King on Broadway [play based on Disney's animated movie].
National Public Radio's Morning Edition (November 13)

Vogel, Mark R. 1998.
A cat and two dads: New children's book presents a very nontraditional family [animator John Canemaker gay-themed book].
Washington Blade (May 15): 39.

Vogel, Traci. 2000.
The Dark Side of Pop Culture: Disturbing Animation [Satoshi Kon's Japanese anime film, Perfect Blue].
The Stranger (September 30)

Voger, Mark. 2000.
Hanna-Barbera: Animators created 'Flinstones' 40 years ago.
Asbury Park Press and the Home News Tribune (April?): Page X.
online at,2506,269202,00.html

Voger, Mark. 1999.
Farewell, Wilma: A never-before-published interview with Jean Vander Pyl [The voice of animated Wilma Flintstone].
Asbury Park Press (April ?): Page X.
online at,2506,177951,00.html

Walk, Gary Eng. 1998.
Poking fun [Japanese animation and game character Pokemon].
Entertainment Weekly (November 6): 96

Walker, Leslie. 1999.
An internet dress address [Miss Boo animated computer character].
Washington Post (July 1): E1, 6

Walters, Barry. 1996.
Artful animation from Japan.
San Francisco Examiner (Apr 12).

Wartofsky, Alona. 2000.
Masters of the speeding pullets; The creators of Wallace & Gromit move to the eggs-press lane with 'Chicken Run' [Claymation, Nick Parks, Peter Lord, Aardman Animation, Dreamworks].
Washington Post (June 18): G1, 6

Wartofsky, Alona. 1999.
Pop Notes ["Tomorrow night MTV premiers its new animated series, 'Station Zero'"].
Washington Post (March 7): G2

Wax, Emily. 2000.
School beckoning, girls 'power' up: Superhero cartoon fuels demand for fashionable supplies [Powerpuff Girls animated tv show marketing].
Washington Post (August 20): C1, 4

Waxman, Sharon. 1999.
That's Show Buzz: For the Guys Behind 'Mission Hill,' a Long, Hard Climb [animated television series].
Washington Post (October 7): C1, C7

Waxman, Sharon. 2000.
Animation grows up: The new generation of Hollywood cartoons isn't just for kiddies.
Washington Post (May 20): C1, 4

Waxman, Sharon. 1998.
Actors' Guild faces off against 'Power Rangers' [Saban Entertainment; animation].
Washington Post (Jan 31).

Waxman, Sharon. 1998.
'Rangers' dispute settled [animation].
Washington Post (Feb 6):B7.

Weddell, Whitney L. 1998.
'South Park' Rules [letter on animated tv show]?
Newsweek (April 13): 18.

Weinkauf, Gregory. 2000.
Coop de grace: These British filmmakers do Chicken right ['Chicken Run' animated movie].
Dallas Observer (June 22).
online at

Weinraub, Bernard. 1999, Loosening a Strict Film Rating for 'South Park' [animated movie].
New York Times (June 29)

Weir, William. 2000.
Hope Springs Eternal [adaptations of Jay Ward's animation including 'The Adventures of Rocky and Bullwinkle'].
The Hartford Courant (July 15)

Weiss, Jeffrey. 2000. Scooby-Doo's new adventure: The latest mystery facing his friends involves Wicca [animation].
The Dallas Morning News (January 7)

Wells, Paul. 1998.
Understanding Animation.

Wertheimer, Linda. 1997.
Cartoon seizures [Pokemon Japanese animated cartoon causes medical problem].
National Public Radio's All Things Considered (December 18)

Werts, Diane. 2000.
Animation machinations: How 'The Simpsons' redrew the television map.
Newsday (January 2)

Whitty, Stephen. 1998.
Hakuna it's notta [review of Disney's animated video The Lion King II: Simba's pride].
Entertainment Weekly (October 30): 119-120

Whitty, Stephen. 1999.
Adults only [animation reviews of Who Framed Roger Rabbit, Antz, Yellow Submarine].
Entertainment Weekly (February 12): 84-5

Wickstrom, Andy. 1991.
'Japanimation' adult cartoons come to U.S. [Manga].
Albany Times Union (Oct 24):T27.

Wild, David. 1998.
South Park's evil geniuses and the triumph of no-brow culture [animation].
Rolling Stone (February 19): 32-61.

Wild, David. 1997.
I need a hill [Mike Judges' animated series King of the Hill].
Rolling Stone (Feb 20):79.

Williams, Robin. 1998.
Robin Williams: An Interview (Williams reflects on animated cartoons from Daffy Duck to South Park)
Civilization (June-July)

Willis, Heather. 2000.
Fight the power [animated 'The Powerpuff Girls' music merchandising].
Pulse! (August): cover, 24-26

Willman, Chris. 1999.
Anything goes; It ain't Cole Porter, but scores for South Park and Runaway bride may be the next best thing to the fast-fading film musical [animation soundtrack].
Entertainment Weekly (August 13): 73-74

Willman, Chris. 1998.
(Not so) fresh 'Prince' [The Prince of Eygypt animated movie's 3 soundtracks].
Entertainment Weekly (November 20): 128

Wilmington, Michael. 2000.
[The Road to El Dorado; animated movie review compares it to Carl Barks "Uncle Scrooge"].
Chicago Tribune (March 31)

Wilner, Richard. 1997.
Omigod! South Park biggest hit on cable [animation].
New York Post (December 5).

Wilonsky, Robert. 1995.
Saturday hangover; The Toadies, the Daisy, and the Rev join tribute to Cartoons' Greatest Hits [animation music].
Dallas Observer (October 26).
online at

Wilonsky, Robert. 1999.
Blue movie: Everyone's a little too animated in this thrill-seeking cartoon ['Perfect Blue' anime].
Dallas Observer (December 2).
online at

Wilonsky, Robert. 2000.
Squirrel meat: Animated duo return in a very Rockroad movie [Jay Ward's Bullwinkle].
Dallas Observer (June 29).
online at

Wloszczyna, Susan. 2000.
Talk is cheap for expressive horse Altivo [animated movie "The Road to El Dorado"].
USA Today (March 24): 1E

Wolfe, Kathi. 1997.
Memories of Mr. Magoo [animation; perspective of near-blind person].
Washington Post (Jul 23).

Woodhead, Michael. 1999.
Nazis stole Disney tricks for anti-Jewish cartoons [World War II animation].
The Sunday Times (May 2): 21

Worth, Larry. 1997.
'Lion' Share of the Credit [Disney's 'The Lion King' play adaptation of animated movie].
New York Post (November 13)

Worth, Larry. 1997.
'Triumph' for ex-"Beauty' [Susan Egan, Meg, in "Hercules" Disney animated movie].
New York Post (October 23).

Worth, Larry. 1998.
Fire-Breathing Is Draggin'. ["Quest for Camelot" Animated Movie Review].
New York Post (May 15)

Yeo, Michael. 1998.
To boldly go: we have to look beyond the Simpsons for a true medical hero [animation].
Canadian Medical Association Journal 159 (12; December 15):1476-1477

Yokota, Fumie and Kimberly M. Thompson. 2000.
Violence in G-rated animated films.
Journal of the American Medical Association 283 (20; May 24/31): 2716-2720

York, Julie. 1999.
'South Park' adds to teen worries [animation].
South Bend Tribune (July 1)

Young, Charles M. 1994.
Meet the Beavis [animation]!
Rolling Stone (Mar 24):38-42.

Young, Josh. 1998.
A better mousetrap [Nickelodeon vs. Disney's animation efforts].
Entertainment Weekly (December 4): 26, 30

Zahed, Ramin. 2000.
''Bob'' moves heaven, earth to win yucks ["God, the Devil and Bob" animat ed tv series].
Reuters / Variety (March 7)

Zahed, Ramin. 2000.
HBO sets sail with "Odyssey'' cartoon [animation by Vilanima Studios of Lithuania].
Reuters/ Variety (January 5)

Zahed, Ramin. 2000.
Jesus comes to life on ABC [The Miracle Maker review; clay animation].
Reuters / Variety (April 19)

Zarroli, Jim. 1995.
[stock offering by computer animation firm who did Disney film 'Toy Story'].
National Public Radio's Morning Edition (November 30)